Abstract
This paper concerns with the integrability of variable coefficient fifth order nonlinear Schrödinger’s equation describing the dynamics of attosecond pulses in inhomogeneous fibers. Variable coefficients incorporate varying dispersion and nonlinearity which are of physical significance in considering the nonuniform boundaries of fibers as well as the inhomogeneities of the media. The well-known exp(−φ(s))-expansion method is used to retrieve singular and periodic solitons with the aid of symbolic computation. The structures of the obtained solutions are discussed along with their existence criteria. Moreover, the modulation instability analysis is carried out to identify the instability regions. A dispersion relation is extracted between wave number and frequency. The optimal value of the frequency is found for the occurrence of the instability. A detailed discussion of the results is also given along with graphics.