coupled system
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2022 ◽  
Vol 172 ◽  
pp. 108880
Tianlin Chen ◽  
Hong Zhang ◽  
Wenhui Ren ◽  
Dongyan Shi ◽  
Bo Huang

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Yang Luo ◽  
Hai Wang ◽  
Le-Yi Zhao ◽  
Yong-Lai Zhang

We have investigated a strong coupled system composed of a MAPbIxCl3-x perovskite film and aluminum conical nanopits array. The hybrid states formed by surface plasmons and free carriers, rather than the traditional excitons, is observed in both steady-state reflection measurements and transient absorption spectra. In particular, under near upper band resonant excitation, the bleaching signal from the band edge of uncoupled perovskite was completely separated into two distinctive bleaching signals of the hybrid system, which is clear evidence for the formation of strong coupling states between the free carrier–plasmon state. Besides this, a Rabi splitting up to 260 meV is achieved. The appearance of the lower bands can compensate for the poor absorption of the perovskite in the NIR region. Finally, we found that the lifetime of the free carrier–SP hybrid states is slightly shorter than that of uncoupled perovskite film, which can be caused by the ultrafast damping of the SPs modes. These peculiar features on the strong coupled hybrid states based on free charge carriers can open new perspectives for novel plasmonic perovskite solar cells.

Sylvie Geisendorf ◽  
Christian Klippert

AbstractThe paper proposes an agent-based evolutionary ecological-economic model that captures the link between the economy and the ecosystem in a more inclusive way than standard economic optimization models do. We argue that an evolutionary approach is required to understand the integrated dynamics of both systems, i.e. micro–macro feedbacks. In the paper, we illustrate that claim by analyzing the non-triviality of finding a sustainability policy mix as a use case for such a coupled system. The model has three characteristics distinguishing it from traditional environmental and resource economic models: (1) it implements a multi-dimensional link between the economic and the ecological system, considering side effects of production, and thus combines the analyses of environmental and resource economics; (2) following literature from biology, it uses a discrete time approach for the biological resource allowing for the whole range of stability regimes instead of artificially stabilizing the system, and (3) it links this resource system to an evolving, agent-based economy (on the basis of a Nelson-Winter model) with bounded rational decision makers instead of the standard optimization model. The policy case illustrates the relevance of the proposed integrated assessment as it delivers some surprising results on the effects of combined and consecutively introduced policies that would go unnoticed in standard models.

Solar RRL ◽  
2022 ◽  
Li-Chung Kin ◽  
Oleksandr Astakhov ◽  
Minoh Lee ◽  
Stefan Haas ◽  
Kaining Ding ◽  

Mathematics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 227
Mohsen Dlala ◽  
Abdallah Benabdallah

This paper deals with the stabilization of a class of uncertain nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) with a dynamic controller governed by a linear 1−d heat partial differential equation (PDE). The control operates at one boundary of the domain of the heat controller, while at the other end of the boundary, a Neumann term is injected into the ODE plant. We achieve the desired global exponential stabilization goal by using a recent infinite-dimensional backstepping design for coupled PDE-ODE systems combined with a high-gain state feedback and domination approach. The stabilization result of the coupled system is established under two main restrictions: the first restriction concerns the particular classical form of our ODE, which contains, in addition to a controllable linear part, a second uncertain nonlinear part verifying a lower triangular linear growth condition. The second restriction concerns the length of the domain of the PDE which is restricted.

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 459
Anna Maj ◽  
Agnieszka Kudelko ◽  
Marcin Świątkowski

A series of new symmetrical s-tetrazine derivatives, coupled via a 1,4-phenylene linkage with a 4H-1,2,4-triazole ring, were obtained. The combination of these two rings in an extensively coupled system has significant potential applications, mainly in optoelectronics. The methodology used turned out to be useful regardless of the type of five-membered ring or the nature of the individual substituents. All the products were identified by spectroscopic methods, and the target compounds were tested for luminescent properties. This study showed that all the synthesized highly-conjugated triazoles exhibited luminescence; in particular, one derivative, 3,6-bis(4-(5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)phenyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (13b), showed strong fluorescence emission and ahigh quantum yield close to 1.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Lu Zhang ◽  
Shaohua Wang ◽  
Bing Li

The paper investigates the dynamic vibration property of the vehicle-bridge expansion joint coupled system with the proposed model. The dynamic response of the expansion joint under the action of the vehicle is the key factor affecting the life of the expansion joint. The changes of contact state and tire geometric characteristics were frequently left aside in the past to simplify the tire model. This is because the contact between tire and expansion joint is a very complex process. But this will seriously underestimate the impact effect of the vehicle on the expansion joint. In this paper, a dynamic mathematical model of the 2-axle vehicle-modular bridge expansion joint (MBEJ) coupled system is established by introducing a flexible roller tire model. The influence of tread rigid displacement and change in the tire contact patch length are considered in the dynamic model. Based on this model, the characteristics of the dynamic tire load and the center beam vibration displacement in the coupled system are obtained by simulation. The results show that the maximum dynamic tire load of the vehicle occurs at the end of the bridge deck behind the MBEJ, so local structure reinforcement needs to be considered. The interaction between the front and rear wheels of the 2-axle vehicle can be ignored. The vehicle position, vehicle velocity, gap width, and spring stiffness of the center beam bearing have significant effects on the impact factors of tire load and center beam vibration displacement. The impact factor of tire load may exceed the recommended values of Chinese and European bridge codes. These should be taken seriously.

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