scholarly journals Donations to renewable energy projects: The role of social norms and donor anonymity

2022 ◽  
Vol 193 ◽  
pp. 107277
Stepan Vesely ◽  
Christian A. Klöckner ◽  
Giuseppe Carrus ◽  
Parissa Chokrai ◽  
Immo Fritsche ◽  
William H. Daughdrill

This paper will describe some of the key environmental and regulatory issues affecting development of offshore renewable energy projects in the United States. Offshore wind, wave, tidal current, and ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) projects all have unique environmental and social issues that must be addressed to the satisfaction of federal, state, and local authorities. This paper examines the existing federal regulatory schemes applicable to offshore renewable energy development in the United States including a discussion of an on-going jurisdictional debate between agencies at the U.S. federal government level. The various permitting processes for offshore renewable energy projects all involve an examination of the potential environmental and social/human effects of each proposed project. Typically, the agency with primary permitting authority must prepare an environmental impact statement (EIS) or equivalent document that includes a transparent process that encourages the participation of the interested public and other affected stakeholders. While acknowledging the importance of social/human impact issues, this paper will focus primarily on the potential physical and biological effects from offshore renewable energy projects including a discussion of the uncertainty that surrounds predicting the impact of new or innovative technologies. The U.S. Department of Interior, Minerals Management Service (MMS) recently published a programmatic environmental impact statement (EIS) that includes 52 “best management practices” for reducing environmental and social impacts from offshore alternative energy projects. Finally the paper will examine the important role of environmental monitoring and adaptive management in informing regulators and developers of potential adverse impacts and adapting project design and operations to avoid or minimize these effects.

2014 ◽  
Shanjun Li ◽  
Han Kyul Yoo ◽  
Molly Mcauley ◽  
Karen L. Palmer ◽  
Jhih-Shyang Shih

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
pp. 503-519
Wen-Hsiang Chiu ◽  
Wen Cheng Lin ◽  
Chiung-Ju Liang

In order to achieve the goal of "non-nuclear homeland and realize the policy target that renewable energy accounts for 20% of power generation, the Taiwan government has actively promoted the integration of energy generation. Many small and medium-sized enterprises or start-up companies are faced with the challenge of financing their business expansion. This paper adopted document analysis method to seek more diversified financing channels compared with traditional ways of financing and lending from financial institutions, the combination of fintech and the power of the masses, such as crowdfunding, has become one of the emerging financial instruments for the development of green energy industry. Finally, the empirical result is compared main region about the community renewable energy projects and realized how to obtain renewable energy resources through new financing source. The study will be providing related reference to decision-making of country which plan to develop renewable energy projects.

2015 ◽  
Vol 137 (4) ◽  
José Balibrea Iniesta ◽  
Manuel Monjas Barroso

There is a gap in the literature on the assessment of renewable energy projects regarding the role of regulatory real options (RROs) that do not depend entirely on the project promoter and yet affect the value of the project. This paper provides a methodology for evaluating investments in offshore wind generation in Denmark, based on the use of this type of options. The main results show that these RROs held by the administration, decrease the value of these renewable generation projects in Denmark. This confirms previous research for onshore generation in the same country.

This chapter starts with an introductory part, explaining the role of business models and analyzing the different financial models of ownership. It has been concluded that in renewable energy projects, ownership business models center in specialized complexity, economies of scale, capital costs, and financing perspectives based on its own characteristics. It has many favorable features including the ability to provide power to local communities and create jobs. However, business models include several decisive financing, service, and monitoring characteristics. Business models should be dynamic, while being adjusted to the special conditions, features, and risks of the given project. In renewable energy projects, ownership business models center on the specialized complexity, economies of scale, capital costs, and financing perspectives. The public-private partnership (PPP) is usually the optimum business model option for medium- to large-scale or grid-connected renewable energy projects, and is usually applied with a structure of a built-own-operate-transfer or multiparty ownership.

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