Comparative Study
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(FIVE YEARS 63636)



2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 99-107
Titus Oluwasuji Ajewole ◽  
Abdulsemiu Alabi Olawuyi ◽  
Mutiu Kolawole Agboola ◽  
Opeyemi Onarinde ◽  

Matthew Flynn ◽  
Anna Sheldon ◽  
Miles Bannister

2021 ◽  
Jerome R. Lechien ◽  
Lise Crevier‐Buchman ◽  
Marta P. Circiu ◽  
Quentin Lisan ◽  
Stephane Hans

2021 ◽  
pp. 219256822110529
Jacob R. Carl ◽  
Gurpal Pannu ◽  
Evan Cherng-Yeh Chua ◽  
Adam Bacon ◽  
Blythe Durbin-Johnson ◽  

Study Design Retrospective Comparative Study, Level III. Objective In patients with scoliosis >90°, cranio-femoral traction (CFT) has been shown to obtain comparable curve correction with decreased operative time and blood loss. Routine intraoperative CFT use in the treatment of AIS <90° has not been established definitively. This study investigates the effectiveness of intraoperative CFT in the treatment of AIS between 50° and 90°, comparing the magnitude of curve correction, blood loss, operative time, and traction-related complications with and without CFT. Methods 73 patients with curves less than 90° were identified, 36 without and 37 with cranio-femoral traction. Neuromuscular scoliosis and revision surgery were excluded. Age, preoperative Cobb angles, bending angles, and curve types were recorded. Surgical characteristics were analyzed including number of levels fused, estimated blood loss, operative time, major curve correction (%), and degree of postoperative kyphosis. Results Patients with traction had significantly higher preoperative major curves but no difference in age or flexibility. Lenke 1 curves had significantly shorter operative time and improvement in curve correction with traction. Among subjects with 5 to 8 levels fused, subjects with traction had significantly less EBL. Operative time was significantly shorter for subjects with 5-8 levels and 9-11 levels fused. Curves measuring 50°-75° showed improved correction with traction. Conclusion Intraoperative traction resulted in shorter intraoperative time and greater correction of major curves during surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis less than 90°. Strong considerations should be given to use of intraoperative CFT for moderate AIS.

2021 ◽  
Vol 101 ◽  
pp. 108186
Alaa Al Bazzal ◽  
Parvaneh Hatami ◽  
Robabeh Abedini ◽  
Ifa Etesami ◽  
Zeinab Ayanian ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (5) ◽  
pp. 339-347
Yücel Makaracı ◽  
Ömer Özer ◽  
Recep Soslu ◽  
Abdullah Uysal

Since deaf athletes do not have any physical deficiencies, it is known that they can easily participate in sports competitions if their communication problems are resolved. This study aimed to compare the performances of olympic deaf and elite normal-hearing volleyball players in different jumping test protocols. A total of 26 male volleyball players participated in the study, comprised of 12 olympic level deaf and 14 elite level normal-hearing. Following anthropometric measurements, athletes performed bilateral counter movement, squat and drop jump tests on a force plate. Each test was performed 3 times with maximal effort separated by 45 seconds of passive recovery and the mean of the three trials was selected for analysis. Independent Samples t-test was used to compare the differences in mean values of jumping test parameters between the groups. Normal-hearing athletes are observed to have significantly better scores than deaf athletes in all test protocols. Considering that the number of studies on athletic performance in deaf athletes is limited, it can be said that our study will contribute to researchers and coaches in respect of detecting a key ability in volleyball, such as jumping, in different jump protocols.

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