Life cycle assessment of building demolition waste based on building information modeling

2022 ◽  
Vol 178 ◽  
pp. 106095
Jingjing Wang ◽  
Jiajia Wei ◽  
Zhansheng Liu ◽  
Chun Huang ◽  
Xiuli Du
2019 ◽  
Vol 11 (22) ◽  
pp. 6274 ◽  
Kun Lu ◽  
Xiaoyan Jiang ◽  
Vivian W. Y. Tam ◽  
Mengyun Li ◽  
Hongyu Wang ◽  

Buildings produce a large amount of carbon emissions in their life cycle, which intensifies greenhouse-gas effects and has become a great threat to the survival of humans and other species. Although many previous studies shed light on the calculation of carbon emissions, a systematic analysis framework is still missing. Therefore, this study proposes an analysis framework of carbon emissions based on building information modeling (BIM) and life cycle assessment (LCA), which consists of four steps: (1) defining the boundary of carbon emissions in a life cycle; (2) establishing a carbon emission coefficients database for Chinese buildings and adopting Revit, GTJ2018, and Green Building Studio for inventory analysis; (3) calculating carbon emissions at each stage of the life cycle; and (4) explaining the calculation results of carbon emissions. The framework developed is validated using a case study of a hospital project, which is located in areas in Anhui, China with a hot summer and a cold winter. The results show that the reinforced concrete engineering contributes to the largest proportion of carbon emissions (around 49.64%) in the construction stage, and the HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) generates the largest proportion (around 53.63%) in the operational stage. This study provides a practical reference for similar buildings in analogous areas and for additional insights on reducing carbon emissions in the future.

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