CAD/CAM procedures are increasingly used to the manufacturing of 3D-designed PMMA interim dental crowns. The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the internal fit of interim PMMA crowns fabricated by subtractive versus additive CAD/CAM procedures. Starting from a Co-Cr CAD/CAM master abutment model, 20 standardized dental models of dental stone were done by double impression technique. Subsequently two groups of interim PMMA interim crowns, each of them having 10 specimens, were CAM obtained either by milling or 3D printing, using Exocad software package, milling machine Rolland DWX-50, and the 3D printer MoonRay S 100 respectively. An electronic digital caliper Powerfix Profi+ was used for measurements of the chrome cobalt abutment and crowns inner diameter in 4 directions (mesial-distal gingival, buccal-lingual gingival, mesial-distal occlusal, and buccal-lingual occlusal). The null hypothesis that the internal dimensional accuracy of interim PMMA crowns fabricated by DLP additive method would not be different compared to those obtained by milling procedure was rejected since the printed PMMA interim crowns were more accurate. This study concluded that the milled PMMA interim crowns show larger internal dimensional variations than the 3D printed ones. However, the fit variation among interim crowns fabricated by both procedures was statistically non significant, so that both CAM technologies may be equally used in manufacturing process.
Objectives The integration of computer-aided design and manufacturing technologies in diagnosis, treatment planning, and fabrication of prosthetic restoration is changing the way in which prosthodontic treatment is provided to patients. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) printed casts produced from the intraoral scanner using stereolithographic (SLA) 3D printing technique, their digital replicas, and conventional stone casts.
Materials and Methods In this in vitro study, a typodont of maxillary and mandibular arches with full dentate ivory teeth was used as a reference cast. The typodont was digitized using Trios 3Shape intraoral scanner to create digital casts. The digital files were converted into 3D printed physical casts using a prototyping machine that utilizes the stereolithography printing technology and photocurable polymer as printing material. Linear measurements (mesiodistal and occlusocervical) and interarch measurements (intercanine and intermolar) were made for digital and prototyped models and were compared with the original stone casts. The reference teeth were canines, first premolars and second premolars in the maxillary and mandibular arches on the right and left sides. The measurements on printed and conventional casts were done by digital caliper while on digital casts; Geomagic Qualify software was used.
Statistical Analysis One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare measurements among groups.
Results Digital casts showed significantly higher error than the other two groups in all linear and interarch measurements. The mean errors of the digital cast in occlusocervical (OC) and mesiodistal (MD) measurements (0.016 and 0.006, respectively) were higher compared with those in the other two groups (OC, 0.004 and 0.007 and MD, 0.003 and 0.005 [p < 0.0001 and p = 0.02, respectively]). Also, digital mean error in intermolar width (IMW) and intercanine width (ICW) (0.142 and 0.113, respectively) were greater than the other two groups (IMW, 0.019 and 0.008 and ICW, 0.021 and 0.011 [p < 0.0001]). However, the errors were within the acceptable clinical range.
Conclusion The 3D printed casts may be considered as a substitute for stone casts with clinically acceptable accuracy that can be used in diagnosis, treatment planning, and fabrication of prosthetic restorations.