Wound Healing
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 574-580
Author(s):  
Shusong Li ◽  
Ying Ma ◽  
Zhuoran Liu ◽  
Xiaoyu Zhao ◽  
Li Li ◽  
...  

<sec> <title>Objective:</title> The purpose of this research is to explore the influences of thymosin β4 (Tβ4) in deepsecond-degree scald wound healing of rat skin and its relationship with Wnt/β-catenin pathway. </sec> <sec> <title>Methods:</title> Deep second-degree scalded model rats were prepared and divided into normal saline (NS) treatment group, Tβ4 treatment group and FH535 inhibitor group. Then, the concentrations of inflammatory factors in the rats were monitored via adopting the correlated TNF-α and IL-1β ELISA kits. In the meantime, the wound healing rate was analyzed via photography. Subsequently, the qRTPCR procedure was wielded to determine Wnt1 and β-catenin expression in wound tissues, and the degree of wound tissue injury was examined via hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Finally, Western blotting (WB) was adopted to assess Wnt/β-catenin pathway-associated protein levels. </sec> <sec> <title>Results:</title> Releasing amount of TNF-α and IL-1β were conspicuously up-regulated after scalding (p <0.01), and Wnt1 and β-catenin expression at molecular transcription level was also significantly raised (p < 0.01). Besides, treatment with 18 μg of Tβ4 significantly increased the wound healing rate of scalded rats (p < 0.01). In addition, Tβ4 treatment significantly promoted wound healing (p < 0.01) and increased the Wnt1 and β-catenin expression levels (p < 0.01). Moreover, FH535 significantly restrained the Wnt/β-catenin pathway-correlated protein levels (p < 0.01) and wound healing. </sec> <sec> <title>Conclusion:</title> Tβ4 can promote scald wound healing in rats and may play a role via evoking Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation. </sec>


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 681-689
Author(s):  
Zhou Hongyi ◽  
Yan Zhiqiang ◽  
Zhu Leilei ◽  
Li Maolin ◽  
Shao Jianfeng ◽  
...  

Objection: Our research wanted to discuss miR-29b-3p in PCa occurrence and development and relative mechanisms. Methods: Collecting adjacent and cancer tissues from prostate cancer patients and measuring miR-29b-3p expressions by RT-qPCR and ISH assay. Using DU145 and PC3 cell lines which the miR-29b-3p were high expression in our study. Using miR inhibitor to knockdown miR-29b-3p in DU145 and PC3. Using CCK-8 and flow cytometry to measure cell proliferation and cell apoptosis, invasion cell number by transwell and wound healing rate by wound healing assay. The relative proteins expressions were measured using WB assay. p-AKT nuclear levels were evaluated using Cell immunofluorescence test. Using dual-luciferase reporter gene assay to analysis correlation miR-29b-3p and PTEN. Results: miR-29b-3p gene significantly increased. miR-29b-3p knockdown had effects to depress cell proliferation, increase cell apoptosis, depress invasion cells number and wound healing rates. PTEN proteins were significantly up-regulation and p-AKT and MMP-9 proteins expressions were significantly down-regulation (P < 0.001, respectively). And p-AKT nuclear volume were significantly depressed. And miR-29b-3p could target PTEN. Conclusion: miR-29b-3p played an oncology gene in prostate cancer via regulation PTEN/AKT pathway in vitro study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 701-710
Author(s):  
Ming Liu ◽  
Shenghu Guo ◽  
Jing Cao ◽  
Zheng Wu ◽  
Lei Zhang ◽  
...  

Objective: Our research was to discuss effects and mechanism of lncRNA TUG1 in NSCLC by vitro study. Methods: A549 and H1299 cells were divided into NC, pcDNA 3.1 and lncRNA TUG1 groups. Measuring cell proliferation using CCK-8 assay, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry, invasion cell number by transwell and wound healing rate by wound healing assay. Relative gene and protein expressions by RT-qPCR and WB assay. Results: Compared with NC group, the cell proliferation rate, invasion cell number and wound healing rate were significantly depressed in A549 and H1299 cell lines (P < 0.001, respectively). By RT-qPCR and WB assay, lncRNA TUG1 gene expression were significantly increased (P < 0.001, respectively); E-cadherin gene and protein expression were significantly up-regulation, and N-cadherin and Vimentin gene and protein expressions were significantly depressed compared with those of NC group in A549 and H1299 cell lines (P < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: lncRNA TUG1 had effects to suppress NSCLC cell biological activities by regulation EMT relative gene and proteins expression in vivo study.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 989-995
Author(s):  
Ke Chunlin ◽  
Dong Feng ◽  
Wang Peirong

Objective: The purpose of our study was to evaluate Enhancement Mechanism of Dihydromyricetin (DMY) on the Inhibitory Role of Cisplatin Towards Breast Cancer Cell Activity. Materials and Methods: The MCF-7 were divided into NC, DMY, Cis and DMY+Cis groups. Using relative methods (MTT, TUNEL, Transwell, flow cytometry and wound healing) to evaluate MCF-7 cell biological activities including cell viability, apoptosis, invasion cell number and wound healing rate. The relative proteins expressions including FOXO-1, Noxa, Bim, Cyto C, Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Apaf-1 were evaluated by WB assay. Results: MCF-7 cell viability, invasion cell number and wound healing rates were significantly depressed and apoptosis rate were significantly increased in DMY, Cis and DMY+Cis groups (P < 0.01, respectively). Compared with Cis group, cell viability, invasion cell number and wound healing rates were significantly depressed and apoptosis rate were significantly increased in DMY+Cis group (P < 0.05, respectively). Conclusion: Dihydromyricetin can effectively enhance the inhibitory effect of cisplatin on breast cancer cells.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Allahyar Noori Ordeghan ◽  
Danial Khayatan ◽  
Mohammad Reza Saki ◽  
Mostafa Alam ◽  
Kamyar Abbasi ◽  
...  

The diabetic wound is the most challenging one to manage, which is associated with microvascular and macrovascular dysfunction, and novel strategies such as using hydrogels demonstrate their promising prospect in treatment and management approaches of the diabetic wound. This study aimed to investigate the effect of collagen/nanoclay/tadalafil hydrogel on wound healing in diabetic rats under HIIT exercise. Hydrogel was synthesized, and then biocompatibility and antibacterial tests were performed. The therapeutic effect of collagen/nanoclay/tadalafil hydrogel was assessed after induction of diabetes in the rat model, and wound healing was evaluated with macroscopic and microscopic tests. The result of the MTT test showed no significant cytotoxicity of collagen/nanoclay/tadalafil hydrogel. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of hydrogel was detected on E. coli and S. aureus. The macroscopic results demonstrated that the wound contraction was considerable in the hydrogel/HIIT exercise and hydrogel groups compared with the HIIT exercise and control groups during 21 days. The microscopic results showed that the presence of fibroblasts, the amount of collagen, the epidermis density, and the formation of hair follicles were increased in the hydrogel/HIIT exercise group compared with other groups in the diabetic rate model. It can be concluded that collagen/nanoclay/tadalafil hydrogel with HIIT exercise could accelerate diabetic wound healing and can be an appropriate candidate for skin regeneration in medical applications.


2022 ◽  
pp. 2110557
Author(s):  
Seulgi Kim ◽  
Jina Ko ◽  
Jae Hyuk Choi ◽  
Jeong Yi Kang ◽  
Chanoong Lim ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ana L. A. N. Barros ◽  
Abdelaaty Hamed ◽  
Mariela Marani ◽  
Daniel C. Moreira ◽  
Peter Eaton ◽  
...  

Urodele amphibians (∼768 spp.), salamanders and newts, are a rich source of molecules with bioactive properties, especially those isolated from their skin secretions. These include pharmacological attributes, such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, vasoactive, immune system modulation, and dermal wound healing activities. Considering the high demand for new compounds to guide the discovery of new drugs to treat conventional and novel diseases, this review summarizes the characteristics of molecules identified in the skin of urodele amphibians. We describe urodele-derived peptides and alkaloids, with emphasis on their biological activities, which can be considered new scaffolds for the pharmaceutical industry. Although much more attention has been given to anurans, bioactive molecules produced by urodeles have the potential to be used for biotechnological purposes and stand as viable alternatives for the development of therapeutic agents.


Biomedicines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 176
Author(s):  
Jun Jiang ◽  
Ursula Kraneburg ◽  
Ulf Dornseifer ◽  
Arndt F. Schilling ◽  
Ektoras Hadjipanayi ◽  
...  

The ability to use the body’s resources to promote wound repair is increasingly becoming an interesting area of regenerative medicine research. Here, we tested the effect of topical application of blood-derived hypoxia preconditioned serum (HPS) on wound healing in a murine wound model. Alginate hydrogels loaded with two different HPS concentrations (10 and 40%) were applied topically on full-thickness wounds created on the back of immunocompromised mice. We achieved a significant dose-dependent wound area reduction after 5 days in HPS-treated groups compared with no treatment (NT). On average, both HPS-10% and HPS-40% -treated wounds healed 1.4 days faster than NT. Healed tissue samples were investigated on post-operative day 15 (POD 15) by immunohistology and showed an increase in lymphatic vessels (LYVE-1) up to 45% with HPS-40% application, while at this stage, vascularization (CD31) was comparable in the HPS-treated and NT groups. Furthermore, the expression of proliferation marker Ki67 was greater on POD 15 in the NT-group compared to HPS-treated groups, in accordance with the earlier completion of wound healing observed in the latter. Collagen deposition was similar in all groups, indicating lack of scar tissue hypertrophy as a result of HPS-hydrogel treatment. These findings show that topical HPS application is safe and can accelerate dermal wound healing in mice.


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