scholarly journals Correlation between mandibular condylar position and clinical dysfunction index after bilateral sagittal split osteotomies

2019 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 001-007
Kalach Mussali Alberto J* ◽  
Gonzalez-Magana Fernando ◽  
Malagon Hidalgo Hector O
2019 ◽  
pp. 84-92
Anh Chi Phan ◽  
Xuan Anh Ngoc Ho

Background: The condylar position discrepancy between centric relation and maximal intercuspation has been still a controversial issue. Aims: To compare the condylar position between centric relation and maximal intercuspation using cone-beam tomography in patients without temporomandibular joints disorder. Materials and methods: To assess the condylar position in centric relation and maximal intercuspation using cone-beam tomography on 40 fifth-year and sixth-year dental students of Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy without temporomandibular joints disorder. The condylar positions are assessed following Sener classification (2009) and are compared between centric relation and maximal intercuspation using pairedsamples t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: Among 480 condye-to-fossa measurement pairs, there are 91.2% pairs having difference between two reference position but there is no significant difference. The condylar position at the superior of mandibular fossa has the greatest percentage in both centric relation and maximal intercuspation (43.8% in centric relation and 51.2% in maximal intercuspation). This greatest percentage is followed by the condylar position at posterior of mandibular fossa (32.5% in centric relation and 36.3% in maximal intercuspation). Lastly, the condylar position at the anterior of mandibular fossa has the fewest percentage (23.7% in centric relation and 12.5% in maximal intercuspation). Conclusion: There is no significant difference of condylar position between centric relation and maximal intercuspation in patients without temporomandibular joints disorder. Key words: Condylar position, centric relation, maximal intercuspation, cone-beam tomography

Mohamed Zahoor Ul Huqh ◽  
Rozita Hassan ◽  
Roselinda Abdul Rahman ◽  
Asilah Yusof ◽  
Ida Bagus Narmada ◽  

Abstract Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term effect of active skeletonized sutural distractor (ASSD) appliance on temporomandibular joint morphology of class III malocclusion subjects. Materials and Methods This was a prospective interventional study. Cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) images of 22 patients were taken before and after treatment by using Planmeca Promax 3D CBCT machine version 2.9.2 (Planmeca OY Helsinki, Finland). The condylar width, height, length, roof of glenoid fossa thickness, and all joint spaces were measured. The condylar position was determined based on Pullinger and Hollander formula. The condylar shape was determined as per Kinzinger et al. The condylar volume was calculated by using Mimics software (Materialize, Belgium). Statistical Analysis Data analysis was performed by using SPSS software version 24. Wilcoxon paired signed-rank test was used to compare the difference in temporomandibular joint morphology and condylar volume between pre- and post-treatment measurements. Chi-square test was used to compare the condylar position and shape. Results The superior (p = 0.000 on the right side, p = 0.005 on the left side) and posterior joint spaces (p = 0.000 on both sides) were decreased after the treatment, respectively. The condyles were rotated upward and backward, thereby increasing the anterior joint spaces (p = 0.000 on both sides) after the treatment. The condylar volume increases after treatment, but no significant differences were observed (p = 0.903 on the right side, p = 0.062 on the left side). Conclusion The significant changes were observed in joint spaces. The condyles were more anteriorly placed before treatment. Condylar position and shape alter in response to ASSD treatment. The condylar volume did not show any significant change.

Children ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 38
Rosamaria Fastuca ◽  
Helga Turiaco ◽  
Fausto Assandri ◽  
Piero A. Zecca ◽  
Luca Levrini ◽  

(1) Background: To investigate condylar position in subjects with functional posterior crossbite comparing findings before and after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) treatment through 3D analysis; (2) Methods: Thirty-two Caucasian patients (14 males, mean age 8 y 8 m ± 1 y 2 m; 18 females mean age 8 y 2 m ± 1 y 4 m) with functional posterior crossbite (FPXB) diagnosis underwent rapid palatal expansion with a Haas appliance banded on second deciduous upper molars. Patients’ underwent CBCT scans before rapid palatal expansion (T0) and after 12 months (T1). The images were processed through 3D slicer software; (3) Results: The condylar position changes between T1 and T0 among the crossbite and non-crossbite sides were not statistically significant, except for the transversal axis. At T1, the condyles moved forward (y axis) and laterally (x axis), they also moved downward (z axis) but not significantly; (4) Conclusions: Condilar position in growing patients with functional posterior crossbite did not change significantly after rapid maxillary expansion.

2017 ◽  
Vol 35 (5) ◽  
pp. 271-273
Raffaele Schiavoni ◽  
Rossella Contrafatto ◽  
Biagio Pacella

1983 ◽  
Vol 49 (2) ◽  
pp. 250-254 ◽  
Richard W. Katzberg ◽  
David A. Keith ◽  
William R. Ten Eick ◽  
Walter C. Guralnick

2017 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 301-311
Felipe J. Fernández-González ◽  
Jorge Cabero-López ◽  
Aritza Brizuela ◽  
Ivan Suazo ◽  
Esteban Pérez-Pevida ◽  

Background:For patients whose centric relation (CR) has not been considered at the start and during treatment, the task of achieving an occlusal scheme that works together with the temporomandibular joint, the muscles, and the structures of the stomatognathic apparatus becomes a major concern.Objective:This study aims to describe a reproducible, predictable and to date unreported procedure of selective grinding guided by an occlusal splint and to analyze condylar position (CP) based on the skeletal pattern.Methods:A total of 72 symptomatic patients (38 females and 34 males) were classified into three groups: hyperdivergent, intermediate and hypodivergent. CP was quantified by mounted casts on a measures condyle displacement (MCD) device. Helkimo index was also performed in order to assess the severity of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders attending to clinical dysfunction, occlusal state and anamnestic dysfunction. Once the stability had been obtained, the splint was progressively reduced until the maximum intercuspation (MIC) was achieved.Results:The vertical displacement was found to be significantly different between the hyperdivergent and other two groups (p<0.01). Comparisons of MCD analysis before and after the selective grinding procedure identified a statistically significant difference in the horizontal and vertical CP (p<0.01) between the different groups whereas the Helkimo Index showed a clear improvement of TMJ disorders.Conclusion:All facial types, specially the hyperdivergent face type, showed a reduction in condylar displacement (CD) and less craniomandibular symptoms using this procedure, making it an excellent technique for clinicians.

2017 ◽  
Vol 75 (12) ◽  
pp. 2668.e1-2668.e6 ◽  
Reza Tabrizi ◽  
Fereydoun Pourdanesh ◽  
Hassan Mirmohammad Sadeghi ◽  
Sholeh Shahidi ◽  
Behnaz Poorian

2002 ◽  
Vol 29 (5) ◽  
pp. 458-466 ◽  
K.-H. Utz ◽  
F. Muller ◽  
W. Luckerath ◽  
E. Fuss ◽  
B. Koeck

2017 ◽  
Vol 87 (6) ◽  
pp. 847-854 ◽  
Juliana Macêdo de Mattos ◽  
Juan Martin Palomo ◽  
Antonio Carlos de Oliveira Ruellas ◽  
Paula Loureiro Cheib ◽  
Manhal Eliliwi ◽  

ABSTRACT Objectives: To test the null hypotheses that the positions of the glenoid fossae and mandibular condyles are identical on the Class I and Class II sides of patients with Class II subdivision malocclusion. Materials and Methods: Retrospective three-dimensional (3D) assessments of the positions of the glenoid fossae and mandibular condyles were made in patients with Class II malocclusion. Relative to a fiducial reference at the anterior cranial base, distances from the glenoid fossae and condyles were calculated in pretreatment cone beam computed tomographic scans of 82 patients: 41 with Class II and 41 with Class II subdivision malocclusions. The 3D distances from glenoid fossae to sella turcica in the X (right-left), Y (anterior-posterior), Z (inferior-superior) projections were calculated. Results: Patients with Class II malocclusion displayed a symmetric position of the glenoid fossae and condyles with no statistically significant differences between sides (P &gt; .05), whereas patients with Class II subdivision showed asymmetry in the distance between the glenoid fossae and anterior cranial base or sella turcica (P &lt; .05), with distally and laterally positioned glenoid fossae on the Class II side. (P &lt; .05). Male patients had greater distances between glenoid fossae and anterior cranial fossae (P &lt; .05). The condylar position relative to the glenoid fossae did not differ between the two malocclusion groups nor between males and females (P &gt; .05). Conclusions: The null hypotheses were rejected. Patients with Class II subdivision malocclusion displayed asymmetrically positioned right- and left-side glenoid fossae, with a distally and laterally positioned Class II side, although the condyles were symmetrically positioned within the glenoid fossae.

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