2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1 (SPECIAL ISSUE)) ◽  
Mykhailo Kosmii ◽  
Vasyl. Kasiianchuk ◽  
Ruslan Zhyrak ◽  
Ivan Krykhovetskyi

The purpose of this paper is to analyze and research the legal mechanisms which make it possible to improve agroecology through the organization of cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke.Methodology. The methodology includes comprehensive analysis and generalization of available scientific, theoretical, practical and applied material and development of relevant conclusions and recommendations. During the research, the following methods of scientific cognition were used: dialectical, terminological, historical and legal, logical and normative, systemic and structural, functional, normative and dogmatic, generalization methods. Results. The process of analysis and research highlighted the possibilities of cultivating Jerusalem artichoke for improving agroecology, namely improving the ecological state of the atmosphere air and soil, preparing them for organic farming. The article contains examples of practical application of tubers of Jerusalem artichoke and herbage for the production of therapeutic and prophylactic products, alternative energy and highly efficient building materials. Scientific novelty. The study found that the authors summarized and systematized the levels of legal regulation in the field of using Jerusalem artichoke for improving agroecology, preparing soil for organic farming, in particular: the inter-sectoral level which covers the interaction of agricultural and environmental law in terms of cultivation and use of Jerusalem artichoke; the level of integrated environmental and legal regulation; level of individual resource (floristic) legal regulation; the level of environmental protection (anthropoprotection) legislation.Practical importance. The results of the study can be used in law-making and environmental protection activities related to issues of cultivating and using the Jerusalem artichoke as a means of improving agroecology.

2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 24-32
Rupesh Kumar Meena ◽  
RS Meena ◽  
B Sri Sai Siddartha Naik ◽  
Babu Lal Meena ◽  
Suresh Chand Meena

2006 ◽  
pp. 3-8
Jakab Loch

Hungary has a rich history of soil analyses and soil mapping. Our main tasks today are the preservation of soil fertility as well as balancing the goals of production and environmental protection. The main requirement of agricultural production is to adapt to ecological and economic conditions.In a series of consultative meetings in the past seven years, representatives from Central and Eastern Europe have analyzed nutrient management practices in their respective countries. According to a joint memorandum agreed upon in 2000, in the countries awaiting accession, the quantity of nutrients used per hectare is considerably smaller than the Western-European usage targeted through special subsidies. The current low nutrient usage contradicts the principles of sustainability and that of the efficient use of resources, jeopardizing soil fertility.In Hungary, the use of inorganic fertilizers underwent a dynamic development, which manifested itself in an almost tenfold usage growth between 1960 and 1985. This growth slowed down somewhat between 1985 and 1990 and then reduced dramatically after 1990, reaching record lows at the usage levels of the 60s. The nutrient supply has had a negative balance for the last 15 years.The increasing and then decreasing usage trends can equally be detected in the domestic yield averages of wheat and corn as well as in the nutrient supply of soils. Yields were the largest when usage levels were the highest, and decreased thereafter. Draughts have also contributed to smaller yields. The dramatic decrease in the use of inorganic fertilizers when adequate organic fertilizers are lacking endangers our soils’ fertility.About 50% of soils in Hungary are acidic. Acidity is mostly determined by soil formation, but especially on soils with a low buffering capacity, this acidity may intensify due to inorganic fertilizers. Sustainable agriculture requires the chemical improvement of acidic soils. According to their y1 values, the majority of our acidic soils need to be improved. This chemical soil remediation is required in 15% of the acidic soils, while it’s recommended for another 20% of these soils.Results of the analyses conducted in the framework of the soil-monitoring system set up in Hungary in 1992 show that in 95% of the analyzed samples, the toxic element content is below the allowable limit. Cultivated areas are not contaminated; toxicity above the legal level was found only in specific high-risk sampling areas: in the vicinity of industry, due to local overload. The basic principle of sustainable agriculture is to preserve soil fertility without undue strain on the environment. The intensity of the production needs to be considered according to the conditions of the site; i.e.; nutrient management needs to be site-specific. It is recommended to differentiate three types of cultivated land in terms of environmental sensitivity: areas with favorable conditions, endangered areas, and protected areas, and then to adopt nutrient management practices accordingly. To meet all the above-mentioned goals is impossible without systematic soil analysis. Tests conducted by the national monitoring system cannot replace regular field measurements.

2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
Moch. Agus Krisno Budiyanto ◽  
Abdulkadir Rahardjanto ◽  
Lud Waluyo

Organic agriculture was a manifestation of sustainable agriculture as stipulated in SDG 2. Therefore, farmer assistance activities were needed to implement organic agricultural applications, namely the manufacture and use of organic auxins and gibberellins. This communityservice aimed to provide assistance in the manufacture and use of organic auxins and gibberellins. The method in implementing this activity was direct assistance and practice to solve problems. The activity was held for three months, in Wonorejo Village, Poncokusumo District, Malang Regency, East Java Province, with a partner named Sumber Urip-1 Farmer Group. The indicator for the success of community service activities was that> 75% of the members (out of a total of 20 people) can practice making organic auxins and gibberellins. To improve mentoring performance, there was team synergy in the form of division of labor, cooperation patterns, and collaboration patterns. Evaluation and monitoring of activities was carried out by holding morning meetings every Friday. Through a series of activities, partners have mastered the methods of (1) manufacturing and (2) using organic auxins and gibberellins. Products were branded with the brands "Vignauksin" (from bean sprouts), "Fulicauksin" (from snails), and "Zeaberelin" (from corn). Partners' mastery of the methods of making and using organic auxins and gibberellins will support organic farming efforts which were the embodiment of sustainable agriculture.

2012 ◽  
Vol 6 (3-4) ◽  
pp. 39-42
Gordana Tomić ◽  
Maja Đuricaa ◽  
Nenad Đokić

Organic agriculture provides good quality products, the development of sustainable agriculture, environmental protection and economic efficiency. To develop a habit of consuming organic food, as is case with all habits, it is necessary to educate the younger population, so that they can become accustomed to the fact that organic food is a source of both human health and a healthy environment. Therefore, educational institutions should initiate actions in order to develop awareness of the importance of healthy and safe food (especially fresh fruits and vegetables) among youth. This action has already been carried out in some countries.

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