healthy environment
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2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (33) ◽  
pp. 103
Author(s):  
Elena Evgenyevna Guliaeva

Objective:The author seeks to understand the content and legal guarantees of the right to sustainable, healthy and favorable environment in the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights. The researcher seeks to list the case law of the ECtHR corresponding to environmental issues in order to define concrete aspects related to responsibility of the States for the climate change and global warming. The author analyzes new legal trends on the protection of the rights of individuals and groups to complain for violations of their rights to a healthy and favorable environment in the light of the European Convention on Human Rights. The article is focused on positive state obligations on a healthy and sustainable environment under the Convention provisions, Russian experience in eco-cases, admissibility criteria for complaints to the European Court of Human Rights in “environmental cases”. The writer gives an overview of the ECtHR’s legal positions on the right to a healthy and favorable (i.e. prosperous, clean, safe, quiet, calm, quality) environment by type of its pollution. The author considers the importance of facilitating the right to healthy environment according to the UN Sustainable Development Goals.Methodology: The research uses general scientific and special cognitive techniques wherein legal analysis and synthesis, systemic, formal-legal, comparative-legal, historical-legal and dialectical methods are applied. The author applied a case study method to select the most recent and pilot cases of the ECtHR practice.Results: The author founds out that despite the fact of a non-exhaustive list of the legal positions of the ECtHR concerning the environment effect on human life and health, there is a certain trend in Council of Europe towards an extended interpretation of the human right to healthy ecological situation responding to new challenges to the realization that right, such as, the decarbonization of industrial processes, right to light, right to fresh air, clean water and clean atmosphere, etc. The study concludes with an idea that right to sustainable, healthy and favorable right is a collective right. From the practical perspective, potentially group of individuals should complain to the international judicial institutions to the violation of this right. The importance of the protection of that right is increasing within the technological progress. The right to healthy environment imposes to the European States a legal obligation to ensure right to life, prohibition of torture, right to privacy, right to a fair trial, right to an effective remedy and prohibition of discrimination. The researcher also point out that cases of environmental rights violations are complicated in terms of preparing a complaint and processing by the ECtHR. Due to this fact, it is hard to do so with regard to the causal link between the acts (omission) of state agencies, the violation of environmental rights and the consequences that occurred. It is not clear from the text of the Convention which article directly should be applied.Contributions: Following a review of the content, the author raised possible problems, strategies, suggestions and guidelines for the protection of the right to sustainable and healthy environment. The author concluded that near future new categories of legal cases related to the state responsibility for global warming and climate change will appear in international and national judicial system. The author encourages the complement to the international legal regulation of the protection of the right to healthy, sustainable and favorable ecology on universal and regional level.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 720
Author(s):  
Danijela Domljan ◽  
Luka Janković

The paper presents the results of the first phase of the student project CROSTAND2, whose main goal is to revitalize the traditional construction techniques of vernacular architecture in the Republic of Croatia by developing modern sustainable prefabricated modular wooden buildings/public booths in accordance with users’ needs and habits. To incorporate conceptual design, the literature on Croatian construction and wood protection, prefabricated modular construction, and public urban spaces was analyzed and field research was conducted. Photo documentation was also collected in the village of Donja Kupčina, Zagreb County, Croatia. An online survey questionnaire on socializing habits in public spaces, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, additionally analyzed new requirements for user-centered design. The obtained results, as well as results from previous project research, were used as a basis and inspiration for the design of a conceptual modular building inspired by traditional wooden joints, modular construction, and the emerging needs of users to socialize safely in a healthy environment. Conceptual solutions for a sustainable modular prefabricated wooden building for public use, intended for public urban and rural areas, have been proposed. Such constructions would ensure the sustainability of enjoying the natural environment for personal, tourist, and commercial purposes with the perpetuation of Croatian heritage building traditions.


2022 ◽  
pp. 75-106
Author(s):  
Miray Gür ◽  
Timur Kaprol

During the COVID-19 process, nature has been a place of escape regarding socialization and well-being. The aim of biophilic design, which supports physical and mental health in a fair and accessible way, is to evaluate the interaction with a healthy environment and to develop design proposals in this context. As a method, post-pandemic requirements, behaviors, and spatial scales are examined through a model in terms of biophilic design, and suggestions are made for the new normal by researching biophilic elements. The biophilic design provides the potential to use nature, daylight, air, and vitality as design elements to improve the quality of spaces and support the experiences of societies. Apart from including green spaces and ecosystems in the design, biophilic design can enrich the multisensory and multidimensional experiences both individually and socially by enabling users to participate in this experience. While this approach supports sound, healthy, and safe living spaces, it will also provide for cities to be sustainable and resilient.


Economic development and environmental degradation are usually inversely proportional to each other and this can be reversed by endorsing more eco-competent growth policies. Although with the prompt economic growth, the concern of environmental sustainability is still a major challenge for every country. EIA since its inception has been considered as a holistic tool in assessing the potential impacts of developmental projects on the natural environment. EIA in India was first launched in 1994 and since then it has been undergoing a renaissance, and now several developmental projects have to obtain necessary environmental clearance as per the EIA notification 2006. This paper focuses on a critical overview of the evolution, process, and changes. Evaluation of the process using SOAR analysis helps in increasing the transparency and efficacy in the EIA. This research finally concludes by inferring that EIA if exercised properly shall not only ensure a clean and healthy environment but also shall aid the nation in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).


2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (3) ◽  
pp. 93-102
Author(s):  
Mulyani ZULAEHA ◽  
Lies ARIANY ◽  
Akhmad HENDRYAN DWIFAMA ◽  
Rizka Annisa FALMELIA ◽  
Muhammad SHOFWAN RIDHANI

The state is responsible for providing protection and management in accordance with the authority it has so that environmental damage does not occur that causes flooding and is able to anticipate the possibility of flooding again in the future. However, in practice it cannot be denied that state administrators, in this case the central government to local governments, have the possibility of committing a mistake as an act against the law because it does not provide fulfillment of the rights of citizens, so that the community can sue the state for that mistake. Citizen lawsuits do not lead to claims for losses, but demands in the form of issuing general policies by the government. The purpose of this study is to find out about the efforts of citizens to obtain protection from the threat of flooding through the citizen lawsuit mechanism and to find out how the potential citizen lawsuit mechanism in resolving floods so that it does not happen again. This study uses a normative juridical approach by using perspective analysis. The results showed that the problem of flooding resulted in citizens not getting their rights to a good and healthy environment. The citizen lawsuit is carried out so that state officials issue a general regulatory policy as a preventive one (disaster mitigation) so that floods do not occur again in the future.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 74-83
Author(s):  
Syafaria Meilianti ◽  
Yulia ◽  
Susilawati

One of the important efforts to improve health status was the procurement of a healthy environment for the community, one of which was having a healthy latrine. Owning a latrine was included in the basic sanitation needed to create a clean and healthy environment. With the availability of latrines that met health requirements it could avoid environmental-based diseases, such as typhoid, paratyphoid, dysentery and diarrhea. This study aimed to describe the level of knowledge and behavior of the community towards the ownership of healthy latrines in Kubu Village, Kubu District, Kubu Raya Regency. This type of research used descriptive research. The research population was 1583 families and the sample taken was 94 families using the Slovin formula. The results of this study indicated the level of knowledge was not good (70.2%), good knowledge (29.8%), good behavior (63.8%), bad behavior (36.2%). Ownership of healthy latrines (82.7%), ownership of healthy latrines (17.3%). The conclusion from the results of this study was ownership of healthy latrines has a relationship with respondents' knowledge and affects community behavior in accessing basic sanitation


Author(s):  
Raghavendra D S

Abstract: Many countries are now understanding the harm that we humans have created to the mother Nature and hence Governments are planning to reduce pollutions by utilising these Green Products. Coming to India our Government has been a very active member who understands the importance and is already working on utilising these Green Products for examples utilisation of the Solar energy with the help of these Green Products. Nowadays the Individual organisations are also brining in the Green practises in their working. This process of exploring the green products is a continuous journey which will yield the results over a period of time and the results would be a healthy environment to our next generations. The outcome shows an inspirational demeanour of marketing proficient, towards green marketing. Keywords: Green Marketing, Concepts, Ecological Marketing,


2021 ◽  
pp. 83-90
Author(s):  
O. MOMOT

The article reveals the activity for health in education of future teacher personality in the healthy environment of high school as a nature-appropriate motor activity of the future teacher; it provides development and improvement of health processes of vital activity, support and strengthening of physical, mental, social and spiritual health of the future specialist.The discipline «Sports and pedagogical improvement» is described, which provides students with a set of knowledge, skills and abilities for the development of activity for health and experience of educational and training work, which will allow to conduct classes at a high professional level in the chosen sport. Studying the discipline is a necessary component of future teacher training. To a large extent, the implementation of the proposed discipline is facilitated by practical classes, which aim to deepen the knowledge, skills and abilities of students in certain sports through the use of active methods of educational and training process. The specificity of the discipline is that the methods of the subject involve the use of classical methods, forms and means of higher school pedagogy; there is an accumulation of knowledge about the chosen sport, necessary for the development of physical qualities, increase activity, self-esteem and correction of student behavior.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4) ◽  
pp. 36166-36166
Author(s):  
Hossein Masoumbeigi ◽  
◽  
Narjes Malek Mohammadi ◽  
Hossein Shamsi Gooshki ◽  
Abolfazl Khoshi ◽  
...  

Background: According to the Qur’an, man is the servant and the successor of Allah, the representative of prosperity on earth, and has the responsibility for the universe. This approach will create a constructive human interaction with the environment. Environmental degradation is against the will of Allah. It originates from ignorance, human selfishness, passions, and evil temptations, manifest in greed, arrogance, and extravagance. If humans control these abnormal factors and follow Qur’an teachings, they will enjoy a healthy environment that is a universal right. This paper seeks to study the anthropological theory of the Qur’an and its role in reducing environmental degradation. Methods: Based on the descriptive-analytical design, we explored 70 verses of the Holy Qur’an in which the words samā’, ‘ard, mas’ūl, khalīfah, shaytān, and those are cognate with the Arabic verbs sa-khkha-ra, ha-ra-sa, sa-ra-fa, ki-ba-ra, ha-wā, ‘a-ba-da, and ‘a-ma-ra, as well as the related articles, books, and philological and exegetical sources. We investigated the Qur’an to find the effect of awareness and more attention of human beings to the dimensions of man’s creation to reduce environmental degradation. These issues will be discussed in two parts: 1) the anthropology and the dimensions of human creation in the Qur’an, and 2) the causes of environmental degradation. Results: This study showed that the survival of life and human enjoyment of a healthy environment depends on enough knowledge of oneself, seeking help from Allah, and following the Qur’anic guidelines. These facts effectively control internal and external causes of environmental degradation, including ignorance, egoism, selfishness, and evil temptations. These actions destroy the roots of greed, arrogance, and extravagance in human beings. For this reason, Allah demands humans to develop earth, care for and rescue it from any destruction, avoid extravagance, and observe justice. Conclusion: Meditating in the Qur’an, the man knows his creative dimensions and environmental degradation factors that are incompatible with nature and are rooted in some of the inner and outer dimensions of human personality. Hence, he will consciously enjoy sustainable development and maintaining a healthy environment. This behavior will then reduce anomalies in the environment on his part.


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