Bean Sprouts
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2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (2) ◽  
pp. 139
Rugayah . ◽  
Agus Karyanto ◽  
Ermawati . ◽  
Dewi Suselawati

Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L) seeds from seed, or commonly called seedling, have relatively few lateral roots and are poor in root hairs so that their growth is slow (having a long juvenile period of up to 10-15 years). For this reason, it is necessary to make efforts so that mangosteen seedlings can have a good root system through the addition of natural growth regulators. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of red onion extract, a mixture of onion extract and mung bean sprouts combined with biological liquid fertilizer on the growth of mangosteen seedling. This research was carried out in the Horticulture FP greenhouse in March 2020–July 2020. This study was arranged in a factorial (3 x 2) in a Randomized Block Design (RAK) with three replications. The first factor was natural ZPT treatment: without extract, red onion extract 400 g/L, and mixed extract of onion 200 g/L and green bean sprouts 200 g/L. The second factor is the provision of biological fertilizers, namely without biological fertilizers and 15 ml/L). The results showed that the administration of mixed extracts of shallots and mung bean sprouts tended to have better growth which could be seen from the highest average value for the variable plant height 6.04 cm, stem diameter 2.93 mm, and the number of secondary roots. The mixed extract treatment of shallots and mung bean sprouts also increased the widest leaf area by a difference of 3.5 cm² compared to the control. Keywords :  extract of shallot/ green bean sprout, growth regulator, mangosteen

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Feng Zhang ◽  
Yue Yin ◽  
Chunlei Qiao ◽  
Ya-nan Luan ◽  
Mengyan Guo ◽  

In this study, polypyrrole-modified red mud (PRM) was prepared for the efficient removal of anionic dyes (methyl orange and Congo red) from aqueous solutions. The phytotoxicity (bean sprouts) of the dye solution before and after dye removal was investigated. Adsorption kinetics confirmed that the adsorption of methyl orange (MO) and Congo red (CR) on PRM was controlled by chemical reactions between the functional groups of polypyrrole and dyes. From Langmuir isotherm fitting, we found the theoretical adsorption capacities of MO and CR on PRM were 194.1 and 314.9 mg/g, respectively. The adsorption progress of MO and CR on PRM was found to be spontaneous and endothermic. The column studies demonstrated that, under dynamic flow, the PRM can efficiently remove MO and CR from aqueous solution, with adsorption capacities of 31.08 and 55.04 mg/g, respectively. In the toxicity test, the phytotoxicity of the column effluents (after dye removal) was significantly lowered compared to the initial dye influents. After the removal of MO and CR, the average root length of bean sprouts was increased from 3.30 cm to 5.18 cm and from 3.01 cm to 7.00 cm, respectively. These findings highlighted the efficient removal of dyes by PRM from aqueous solution, demonstrating the possible application of PRM for the removal of dye from dye-contaminated wastewaters.

2021 ◽  
Vol 45 ◽  

In 2016, a total of 44,455 notifications of enteric diseases potentially related to food were received by state and territory health departments in Australia. Consistent with previous years, campylobacteriosis (n = 24,171) and salmonellosis (n = 18,060) were the most frequently-notified infections. Notable increases in incidence were observed for shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (n = 343; 166% increase), shigellosis (n = 1,408; 93% increase), campylobacteriosis (33% increase) and salmonellosis (30% increase) when compared with the historical five-year mean. The extent to which the introduction of culture-independent testing as a method of diagnosis has contributed to these increases remains unclear. In total, 188 gastrointestinal outbreaks, including 177 foodborne outbreaks, were reported in 2016. The 11 non-foodborne outbreaks were due to environmental or probable environmental transmission (nine outbreaks) and animal-to-person or probable animal-to-person transmission (two outbreaks). No outbreaks of waterborne or probable waterborne transmission were reported in 2016. Foodborne outbreaks affected 3,639 people, resulting in at least 348 hospital admissions and four deaths. Eggs continue to be a source of Salmonella Typhimurium infection across the country: 35 egg-related outbreaks, affecting approximately 510 people, were reported across six jurisdictions in 2016. Three large multi-jurisdictional Salmonella outbreaks associated with mung bean sprouts (n = 419 cases); bagged salad products (n = 311 cases); and rockmelons (n = 144 cases) were investigated in 2016. These outbreaks highlight the risks associated with fresh raw produce and the ongoing need for producers, retailers and consumers to implement strategies to reduce potential Salmonella contamination.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 208-223
Elfi Anis Saati ◽  
Rista Anggriani ◽  
Anggie Audya Arwinda Rudiawaty

Abstract. Nata de Coco is a fermented food product with coconut water as based ingredient which gives sugar as carbon source and ZA as nitrogen sources. ZA is known as a chemical ingredient and mug bean sprouts is natural ingredients which contain 20.5-21% of nitrogen that can replace ZA. Nata de Coco is a product with low antioxidants, so it needs other ingredients to increase the antioxidant that is purple sweet potatoes known contain high antioxidant. Randomized block design (RBD) with 2 factors and 2 repetitions. The best treatment is H1J2 (7.5% mung bean sprouts essence and 30% purple sweet potatoes essence) with yield values 40.22%, thickness 9.80 mm, brightness (L) 48.15, redness (a+) 3.75, blueness (b-) 4.25, antioxidant activity values 18.50%, crude fiber content 2.49%, taste 2.80 (less good), texture 4.48 (neutral), color 2.72 (less attractive), anthocyanin total 1,335 mg/L.Keywords: Mung Bean Sprouts, Nata de Coco, Purple Sweet Potatoes Abstrak. Nata de Coco merupakan produk pangan hasil fermentasi berbahan dasar air kelapa yang membutuhkan gula sebagai sumber karbon dan ZA sebagai sumber nitrogen. ZA dikenal sebagai bahan kimia dan kecambah kacang hijau mengandung 20,5-21% nitrogen yang dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan ZA. Nata de Coco merupakan produk dengan kandungan antioksidan yang rendah, sehingga membutuhkan bahan lain untuk meningkatkan antioksidan yaitu ubi jalar ungu yang diketahui memiliki antioksidan yang tinggi. Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan 2 dan 2 ulangan. Perlakuan terbaik adalah H1J2 (sari tauge 7,5% dan sari ubi ungu 30%) dengan nilai rendemen 40,22%, tebal 9,80 mm, kecerahan (L) 48,15, kemerahan (a +) 3, 75, kebiruan (b-) 4,25, nilai aktivitas antioksidan 18,50%, kadar serat kasar 2,49%, rasa 2,80 (kurang baik), tekstur 4,48 (netral), warna 2,72 (kurang baik) menarik), antosianin total 1.335 mg / L. Kata Kunci: Kecambah Kacang Hijau, Nata de Coco, Ubi Jalar Ungu

Talanta ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 122655
Yanlei Wang ◽  
Feng Ding ◽  
Xiaoshuai Sun ◽  
Shijin Chen ◽  
Huarong Huang ◽  

Myongdok Im ◽  
Hakchan Oh ◽  
Yongchol Ri ◽  
Kuangchol Kim ◽  
Dongchol Jong ◽  

Although selenium was considered an essential trace element in the early 1970s, it is now widely used as a biological effect, and research projects are also actively underway. In the production process of selenium-enriched eggs that can meet people's demand for selenium, this article specifically analyzed the effects of different levels of selenium-enriched bean sprouts powder on the laying performance and egg quality of laying hens. First of all, adding selenium-enriched bean sprouts powder(a kind of organic selenium) to the basal diet fed for a long time(20weeks) will affect the egg laying rate and feed intake, egg weight, egg shape index, and eggshell strength, thickness of eggshell. Next, we analyzed the accumulation of selenium in eggs, breast muscles, liver, skin and kidneys after feeding organic selenium. Results when 15~22.5g/kg selenium-enriched bean sprouts powder(selenium content 40mg/kg) was added to the basal diet fed, the egg laying rate, feed intake, egg weight, eggshell strength and eggshell thickness respectively increased by 100.6~102.9%, 101.3~102.3%, 117.1~117.6% and 105.6~108.3%, and the selenium content in eggs increased by 197.7~206.9%. Selenium is obviously deposited on the eggs, breast muscles and skin of laying hens. Therefore, in the production process of selenium-enriched eggs, adding selenium-enriched bean sprouts powder not only increased the production efficiency of eggs, but also increased double the selenium content in eggs. From the 15th day of the laying test, selenium-enriched eggs can be obtained.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (5) ◽  
pp. 937
Milada Solcova ◽  
Katerina Demnerova ◽  
Sabina Purkrtova

The aspiration these days is to apply rapid methods for parallel analysis of bacteriome and resistome of food samples to increase food safety and prevent antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) spreading. In this work, we used nanopore sequencing (NS) to determine the diversity and dynamics of the microbiome and resistome in two types of bean sprouts. We proved that NS provided an easy, quick, and reliable way to identify the microbiome and resistome of a food sample also. The species diversity obtained by NS and by cultivation methods with MALDI-TOF MS identification was comparable. In both samples, before and after cultivation (30 °C, 48 h), the dominant part of bacteriome formed Gammaproteobacteria (Enterobacteriaceae, Erwiniaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, Moraxellaceae) and then Firmicutes (Streptococcaceae). The diversity and abundance of single ARGs groups were comparable for both samples despite bacteriome differences. More than 50% of the detected ARGs alignments were mutations conferring resistance to aminoglycosides (16S rRNA), resistance to fluoroquinolones (gyrA, gyrB, parC, parD) and elfamycin (EF-Tu). ARGs encoding efflux pumps formed more than 30% of the detected alignments. Beta-lactamases were represented by many variants, but were less abundant.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 198
Winda Ningsih Pardede ◽  
Gusti Muhammad Hatta ◽  
Damaris Payung

Some of the goals that exist in this research are to analyze how the effect of giving Rootone F, giving Rootmost and giving Bean Sprouts Extract to the growth response of stem cuttings in Pulai Rawa (Alstonia spatulata. Growth Regulatory Substances used in this study there are 3 types of treatments such as giving Rootone F as the first treatment, the second treatment is by giving rootmost and by giving Bean Sprouts Extract as the third treatment and in this study there is control as one of the comparison between the differences between Stem cuttings that use Growth Regulatory Substances with no provision of ZPT. In November 2019 until January 2020 this study took place in the shade house of the forestry faculty at Lambung Mangkurat University.  RAL (Completely Randomized Design) The method used in this study is to use with a set of 4 treatments that were repeated 20 times in each treatment, then there were 80 experimental units in this study.  The results obtained in this study showed the effect of various growth regulators which differed to the response of the growth of Pulai Rawa plant stem cuttings.  The provision of rootone F did not affect the growth response while the administration of Growth Regulator Substance Rootmost gave an effect on the response of root growth of Pulai Rawa cuttings (Alstonia spatulata) and by giving Bean Sprout Extract which had an influence on the growth in number of cuttings.Keywords : Growth regulators; Stem cuttings; Pulai Rawa

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