vein of galen
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Ana Mendez ◽  
Elisabeth Codsi ◽  
Francisco Gonzalez Barlatay ◽  
Anie Lapointe ◽  
Marie-Josée Raboisson

2022 ◽  
Ahmet Mesrur Halefoglu

Vein of Galen aneurysm (VGAM) is a rare vascular malformation accounting for less than 1% of all intracranial abnormalities. In this case report, we performed computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations for a 26-year-old female patient who presented with a severe headache. On these images, a right thalamo-choroidal arterio-venous malformation (AVM) with secondary aneurysmal dilatation of the vein of Galen was suspected, and a CT angiography was performed for further evaluation, which confirmed the diagnosis. The patient refused digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and probable endovascular treatment. Although it is rarely seen in the adult population, CT and MRI have a tremendous impact on the diagnosis of these patients. We should also emphasize the role of CT angiography in the diagnosis and further evaluation of these vascular malformations. Endovascular therapy is regarded as an effective and safe technique in the treatment of these patients.

Gurcan Turkyilmaz ◽  
Resul Arisoy ◽  
Sebnem Turkyilmaz ◽  
Emre Erdogdu ◽  
Altug Semiz

Anja I. Srienc ◽  
Anna L. Huguenard ◽  
Vivek P. Gupta ◽  
Joshua W. Osbun

2021 ◽  
pp. 159101992110669
Tomoyoshi Shigematsu ◽  
Maximilian J Bazil ◽  
Stavros Matsoukas ◽  
Rene Chapot ◽  
Michelle Sorscher ◽  

In some vein of galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) patients, transvenous embolization (TVE) is an attractive option, but its safety is unclear. Here we report the first two VGAM patients treated using the Chapot “pressure cooker” technique (ChPC). Methods Two patients, one 5-year-old and one 7-year-old, both presented with congestive heart failure in the newborn period and were subsequently treated in the newborn period with multiple, staged TAEs with n-BCA for choroidal VGAMs. Results We achieved progressive reduction in shunting and flow but were unable to accomplish complete closure of the malformation: in both patients, a small residual with numerous perforators persisted. The decision was made to perform TVE using the CHPC. In this technique, a guiding catheter is placed transjugular into the straight sinus (SS). One or two detachable tip microcatheters are advanced to the origin of the SS. Another microcatheter is advanced and the tip placed between the distal marker and the detachment zone of the former. Coils and n-BCA are used to prevent reflux of Onyx. Conclusions In this study, we recognized two important factors of traditional VGAM treatment that may cause interventionalists to consider the ChPC to treat VGAM: (1) without liquid embolic, deployed coils may not occlude the fistula entirely. (2) There is the concern of causing delayed bleeding should the arterial component of the fistula rupture. ChPC ameliorates these issues by offering complete closure of the fistula with liquid embolic material in TVE.

Irene Valenzuela ◽  
Elena Guillén Benítez ◽  
Angel Sanchez‐Montanez ◽  
Javier Limeres ◽  
Fermina López‐Grondona ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (12) ◽  
pp. 3961-3964
Hanae Ramdani ◽  
Imad-eddine Sahri ◽  
Yahya Elharras ◽  
Siham El Haddad ◽  
Nazik Allali ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
María Angeles de Miquel

This paper aims to make simple the evaluation of the main veins related to the brainstem and cerebellum. Posterior fossa venous drainage is best understood in context with its three main collectors: superior: toward the Vein of Galen; posterior: toward the torcular complex; and anterior: toward the superior petrosal sinus. A fourth possible drainage path, often harder to distinguish, is directed toward the inferior petrosal sinus. Veins of these four systems are frequently connected to one another. Despite traditionally being considered less regular than its arterial disposition, posterior fossa venous anatomy follows specific patterns that are easy to identify. The three more representative veins of each venous confluent have been selected, to help in recognizing them angiographically. Since pial large veins are primarily located over the surface of the encephalon, most related anatomical structures can be confidently identified. This is of special interest when angiographic 2D or 3D studies are evaluated and provide fundamental assistance in locating precise structures. To better aid in understanding venous disposition, an overview of embryologic and fetal development is also discussed.

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