Heart Failure
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2021 ◽  
Vol 64 (6) ◽  
pp. 101466
Author(s):  
Nobuaki Hamazaki ◽  
Kentaro Kamiya ◽  
Hidehira Fukaya ◽  
Kohei Nozaki ◽  
Takafumi Ichikawa ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 32 (1) ◽  
pp. 115-129
Author(s):  
R. Sujatha ◽  
Jyotir Moy Chatterjee ◽  
NZ Jhanjhi ◽  
Thamer A. Tabbakh ◽  
Zahrah A. Almusaylim

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Author(s):  
Zhenhua Wang ◽  
Zhaoling Cai ◽  
Markus W. Ferrari ◽  
Yilong Liu ◽  
Chengyi Li ◽  
...  

Objective. Chronic heart failure (CHF) refers to a state of persistent heart failure that can be stable, deteriorated, or decompensated. The mechanism and pathogenesis of myocardial remodeling remain unknown. Based on 16S rDNA sequencing and metabolomics technology, this study analyzed the gut microbiota and serum metabolome in elderly patients with CHF to provide new insights into the microbiota and metabolic phenotypes of CHF. Methods. Blood and fecal samples were collected from 25 elderly patients with CHF and 25 healthy subjects. The expression of inflammatory factors in blood was detected by ELISA. 16S rDNA sequencing was used to analyze the changes in microorganisms in the samples. The changes of small molecular metabolites in serum samples were analyzed by LC-MS/MS. Spearman correlation coefficients were used to analyze the correlation between gut microbiota and serum metabolites. Results. Our results showed that the IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α levels were significantly increased, and the IL-10 level was significantly decreased in the elderly patients with CHF compared with the healthy subjects. The diversity of the gut microbiota was decreased in the elderly patients with CHF. Moreover, Escherichia Shigella was negatively correlated with biocytin and RIBOFLAVIN. Haemophilus was negatively correlated with alpha-lactose, cellobiose, isomaltose, lactose, melibiose, sucrose, trehalose, and turanose. Klebsiella was positively correlated with bilirubin and ethylsalicylate. Klebsiella was negatively correlated with citramalate, hexanoylcarnitine, inosine, isovalerylcarnitine, methylmalonate, and riboflavin. Conclusion. The gut microbiota is simplified by the disease, and serum small-molecule metabolites evidently change in elderly patients with CHF. Serum and fecal biomarkers could be used for elderly patients with CHF screening.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Samira R. Aili ◽  
Phillip Lo ◽  
Jeanette E. Villanueva ◽  
Yashutosh Joshi ◽  
Sam Emmanuel ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Tomonari Harada ◽  
Takeshi Araki ◽  
Hiroaki Sunaga ◽  
Kazuki Kagami ◽  
Kuniko Yoshida ◽  
...  

AbstractElevated intracardiac pressure at rest and/or exercise is a fundamental abnormality in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Fatty acid-binding protein 1 (FABP1) is proposed to be a sensitive biomarker for liver injury. We sought to determine whether FABP1 at rest would be elevated in HFpEF and would correlate with echocardiographic markers of intracardiac pressures at rest and during exercise. In this prospective study, subjects with HFpEF (n = 22) and control subjects without HF (n = 23) underwent resting FABP1 measurements and supine bicycle exercise echocardiography. Although levels of conventional hepatic enzymes were similar between groups, FABP1 levels were elevated in HFpEF compared to controls (45 [25–68] vs. 18 [14–24] ng/mL, p = 0.0008). FABP1 levels were correlated with radiographic and blood-based markers of congestion, hemodynamic derangements during peak exercise (E/e’, r = 0.50; right atrial pressure, r = 0.35; pulmonary artery systolic pressure, r = 0.46), reduced exercise cardiac output (r = − 0.49), and poor exercise workload achieved (r = − 0.40, all p < 0.05). FABP1 distinguished HFpEF from controls with an area under the curve of 0.79 (p = 0.003) and had an incremental diagnostic value over the H2FPEF score (p = 0.007). In conclusion, FABP1 could be a novel hepatic biomarker that associates with hemodynamic derangements, reduced cardiac output, and poor exercise capacity in HFpEF.


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