Three-dimensional (3D) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging provides complete 3D spatial information, which has been used in environmental monitoring in recent years. Compared with matched filtering (MF) algorithms, the regularization technique can improve image quality. However, due to the substantial computational cost, the existing observation-matrix-based sparse imaging algorithm is difficult to apply to large-scene and 3D reconstructions. Therefore, in this paper, novel 3D sparse reconstruction algorithms with generalized Lq-regularization are proposed. First, we combine majorization–minimization (MM) and L1 regularization (MM-L1) to improve SAR image quality. Next, we combine MM and L1/2 regularization (MM-L1/2) to achieve high-quality 3D images. Then, we present the algorithm which combines MM and L0 regularization (MM-L0) to obtain 3D images. Finally, we present a generalized MM-Lq algorithm (GMM-Lq) for sparse SAR imaging problems with arbitrary q0≤q≤1 values. The proposed algorithm can improve the performance of 3D SAR images, compared with existing regularization techniques, and effectively reduce the amount of calculation needed. Additionally, the reconstructed complex image retains the phase information, which makes the reconstructed SAR image still suitable for interferometry applications. Simulation and experimental results verify the effectiveness of the algorithms.
Deep learning has obtained remarkable achievements in computer vision, especially image and video processing. However, in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image recognition, the application of DNNs is usually restricted due to data insufficiency. To augment datasets, generative adversarial networks (GANs) are usually used to generate numerous photo-realistic SAR images. Although there are many pixel-level metrics to measure GAN’s performance from the quality of generated SAR images, there are few measurements to evaluate whether the generated SAR images include the most representative features of the target. In this case, the classifier probably categorizes a SAR image into the corresponding class based on “wrong” criterion, i.e., “Clever Hans”. In this paper, local interpretable model-agnostic explanation (LIME) is innovatively utilized to evaluate whether a generated SAR image possessed the most representative features of a specific kind of target. Firstly, LIME is used to visualize positive contributions of the input SAR image to the correct prediction of the classifier. Subsequently, these representative SAR images can be selected handily by evaluating how much the positive contribution region matches the target. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can ally “Clever Hans” phenomenon greatly caused by the spurious relationship between generated SAR images and the corresponding classes.
The SVR image marine-continental segmentation algorithm on account of ameliorated CV model can segment the marine-continental image efficiently, and compare the image results with the original model, so as to continuously iterate the effectiveness of image segmentation. On account of this, this paper first analyses the concept and main methods of SAR image marine-continental segmentation algorithm, then studies the SAR image marine-continental segmentation algorithm on account of ameliorated CV model, and finally gives the process and effect analysis of SAR image marine-continental segmentation on account of ameliorated CV model.
The GF-3 satellite is China’s first self-developed active imaging C-band multi-polarization synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite with complete intellectual property rights, which is widely used in various fields. Among them, the detection and recognition of banklines of GF-3 SAR image has very important application value for map matching, ship navigation, water environment monitoring and other fields. However, due to the coherent imaging mechanism, the GF-3 SAR image has obvious speckle, which affects the interpretation of the image seriously. Based on the excellent multi-scale, directionality and the optimal sparsity of the shearlet, a bankline detection algorithm based on shearlet is proposed. Firstly, we use non-local means filter to preprocess GF-3 SAR image, so as to reduce the interference of speckle on bankline detection. Secondly, shearlet is used to detect the bankline of the image. Finally, morphological processing is used to refine the bankline and further eliminate the false bankline caused by the speckle, so as to obtain the ideal bankline detection results. Experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively overcome the interference of speckle, and can detect the bankline information of GF-3 SAR image completely and smoothly.