image segmentation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-20
Zhe Jiang ◽  
Wenchong He ◽  
Marcus Stephen Kirby ◽  
Arpan Man Sainju ◽  
Shaowen Wang ◽  

In recent years, deep learning has achieved tremendous success in image segmentation for computer vision applications. The performance of these models heavily relies on the availability of large-scale high-quality training labels (e.g., PASCAL VOC 2012). Unfortunately, such large-scale high-quality training data are often unavailable in many real-world spatial or spatiotemporal problems in earth science and remote sensing (e.g., mapping the nationwide river streams for water resource management). Although extensive efforts have been made to reduce the reliance on labeled data (e.g., semi-supervised or unsupervised learning, few-shot learning), the complex nature of geographic data such as spatial heterogeneity still requires sufficient training labels when transferring a pre-trained model from one region to another. On the other hand, it is often much easier to collect lower-quality training labels with imperfect alignment with earth imagery pixels (e.g., through interpreting coarse imagery by non-expert volunteers). However, directly training a deep neural network on imperfect labels with geometric annotation errors could significantly impact model performance. Existing research that overcomes imperfect training labels either focuses on errors in label class semantics or characterizes label location errors at the pixel level. These methods do not fully incorporate the geometric properties of label location errors in the vector representation. To fill the gap, this article proposes a weakly supervised learning framework to simultaneously update deep learning model parameters and infer hidden true vector label locations. Specifically, we model label location errors in the vector representation to partially reserve geometric properties (e.g., spatial contiguity within line segments). Evaluations on real-world datasets in the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) refinement application illustrate that the proposed framework outperforms baseline methods in classification accuracy.

Ahmad Yahya Dawod ◽  
Aniwat Phaphuangwittayakul ◽  
Salita Angkurawaranon

<span>Traumatic brain injuries are significant effects of disability and loss of life. Physicians employ computed tomography (CT) images to observe the trauma and measure its severity for diagnosis and treatment. Due to the overlap of hemorrhage and normal brain tissues, segmentation methods sometimes lead to false results. The study is more challenging to unitize the AI field to collect brain hemorrhage by involving patient datasets employing CT scans images. We propose a novel technique free-form object model for brain injury CT image segmentation based on superpixel image processing that uses CT to analyzing brain injuries, quite challenging to create a high outstanding simple linear iterative clustering (SLIC) method. The maintains a strategic distance of the segmentation image to reduced intensity boundaries. The segmentation image contains marked red hemorrhage to modify the free-form object model. The contour labelled by the red mark is the output from our free-form object model. We proposed a hybrid image segmentation approach based on the combined edge detection and dilation technique features. The approach diminishes computational costs, and the show accomplished 96.68% accuracy. The segmenting brain hemorrhage images are achieved in the clustered region to construct a free-form object model. The study also presents further directions on future research in this domain.</span>

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-23
Suraj Mishra ◽  
Danny Z. Chen ◽  
X. Sharon Hu

Compression is a standard procedure for making convolutional neural networks (CNNs) adhere to some specific computing resource constraints. However, searching for a compressed architecture typically involves a series of time-consuming training/validation experiments to determine a good compromise between network size and performance accuracy. To address this, we propose an image complexity-guided network compression technique for biomedical image segmentation. Given any resource constraints, our framework utilizes data complexity and network architecture to quickly estimate a compressed model which does not require network training. Specifically, we map the dataset complexity to the target network accuracy degradation caused by compression. Such mapping enables us to predict the final accuracy for different network sizes, based on the computed dataset complexity. Thus, one may choose a solution that meets both the network size and segmentation accuracy requirements. Finally, the mapping is used to determine the convolutional layer-wise multiplicative factor for generating a compressed network. We conduct experiments using 5 datasets, employing 3 commonly-used CNN architectures for biomedical image segmentation as representative networks. Our proposed framework is shown to be effective for generating compressed segmentation networks, retaining up to ≈95% of the full-sized network segmentation accuracy, and at the same time, utilizing ≈32x fewer network trainable weights (average reduction) of the full-sized networks.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (04) ◽  
Andrea Rey ◽  
Juliana Gambini ◽  
Claudio Delrieux

2022 ◽  
Vol 209 ◽  
pp. 109971
Esmail Hosseini-Fard ◽  
Amin Roshandel-Kahoo ◽  
Mehrdad Soleimani-Monfared ◽  
Keyvan Khayer ◽  
Ali Reza Ahmadi-Fard

10.29007/r6cd ◽  
2022 ◽  
Hoang Nhut Huynh ◽  
My Duyen Nguyen ◽  
Thai Hong Truong ◽  
Quoc Tuan Nguyen Diep ◽  
Anh Tu Tran ◽  

Segmentation is one of the most common methods for analyzing and processing medical images, assisting doctors in making accurate diagnoses by providing detailed information about the required body part. However, segmenting medical images presents a number of challenges, including the need for medical professionals to be trained, the fact that it is time-consuming and prone to errors. As a result, it appears that an automated medical image segmentation system is required. Deep learning algorithms have recently demonstrated superior performance for segmentation tasks, particularly semantic segmentation networks that provide a pixel-level understanding of images. U- Net for image segmentation is one of the modern complex networks in the field of medical imaging; several segmentation networks have been built on its foundation with the advancements of Recurrent Residual convolutional units and the construction of recurrent residual convolutional neural network based on U-Net (R2U-Net). R2U-Net is used to perform trachea and bronchial segmentation on a dataset of 36,000 images. With a variety of experiments, the proposed segmentation resulted in a dice-coefficient of 0.8394 on the test dataset. Finally, a number of research issues are raised, indicating the need for future improvements.

Mingjun Ma ◽  
Haiying Xia ◽  
Yumei Tan ◽  
Haisheng Li ◽  
Shuxiang Song

Haniza Yazid ◽  
Shafriza Nisha Basah ◽  
Saufiah Abdul Rahim ◽  
Muhammad Juhairi Aziz Safar ◽  
Khairul Salleh Basaruddin

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