rotator cuff disease
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Dane H. Salazar ◽  
Ryan Moossighi ◽  
Isabel Reedy ◽  
Andrew Kim ◽  
Hassan Farooq ◽  

BMJ Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. e052092
Joshua R Zadro ◽  
Zoe A Michaleff ◽  
Mary O'Keeffe ◽  
Giovanni E Ferreira ◽  
Romi Haas ◽  

ObjectivesExplore how people perceive different labels for rotator cuff disease in terms of words or feelings evoked by the label and treatments they feel are needed.SettingWe performed a content analysis of qualitative data collected in a six-arm, online randomised controlled experiment.Participants1308 people with and without shoulder pain read a vignette describing a patient with rotator cuff disease and were randomised to one of six labels: subacromial impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tear, bursitis, rotator-cuff-related shoulder pain, shoulder sprain and episode of shoulder pain.Primary and secondary outcomesParticipants answered two questions (free-text response) about: (1) words or feelings evoked by the label; (2) what treatments they feel are needed. Two researchers iteratively developed coding frameworks to analyse responses.Results1308/1626 (80%) complete responses for each question were analysed. Psychological distress (21%), uncertainty (22%), serious condition (15%) and poor prognosis (9%) were most often expressed by those labelled with subacromial impingement syndrome. For those labelled with a rotator cuff tear, psychological distress (13%), serious condition (9%) and poor prognosis (8%) were relatively common, while minor issue was expressed least often compared with the other labels (5%). Treatment/investigation and surgery were common among those labelled with a rotator cuff tear (11% and 19%, respectively) and subacromial impingement syndrome (9% and 10%) compared with bursitis (7% and 5%).ConclusionsWords or feelings evoked by certain labels for rotator cuff disease and perceived treatment needs may explain why some labels drive management preferences towards surgery and imaging more than others.

2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (3) ◽  
pp. 242-244
Kwang Ho Lee

LI15 is an important acupuncture point to treat shoulder pain. There are 4 needling methods for LI15 in the textbook; 1 method requires the insertion of the needle horizontally between the acromion and the great tuberosity of the humerus with the arm lowered for supraspinatus tendonitis. This method is also applicable for all conditions of rotator cuff disease, but it has not previously been described in detail. Providing X-ray scans and describing needle direction and depth of insertion will provide evidence for needling with the arm down as an effective stimulation of the subacromial space. Firstly, for this technique, with the arm raised, a concave point is located between the front edge of the acromion and the humerus, and the lower upper arm. Secondly, the acupuncture needle is inserted slightly posteriorly towards the supraspinous fossa, in the direction of the supraspinatus tendon and to a depth of 30-40 mm.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 (8) ◽  
Silvia Gianola ◽  
Valerio Iannicelli ◽  
Edoardo Fascio ◽  
Anita Andreano ◽  
Linda C Li ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Alan Z. Grusky ◽  
Ayush Giri ◽  
Deirdre O’Hanlon ◽  
Nitin B. Jain

Adam C. Abraham ◽  
Fei Fang ◽  
Mikhail Golman ◽  
Panagiotis Oikonomou ◽  
Stavros Thomopoulos

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
pp. 232596712110098
Matthew Y. Siow ◽  
Brendon C. Mitchell ◽  
Michael Hachadorian ◽  
Wilbur Wang ◽  
Tracey Bastrom ◽  

Background: Superior humeral migration has been established as a component of rotator cuff disease, as it disrupts normal glenohumeral kinematics. Decreased acromiohumeral interval (AHI) as measured on radiographs has been used to indicate rotator cuff tendinopathy. Currently, the data are mixed regarding the specific rotator cuff pathology that contributes the most to humeral head migration. Purpose: To determine the relationship between severity of rotator cuff tears (RCTs) and AHI via a large sample of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shoulder examinations. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A search was performed for 3-T shoulder MRI performed in adults for any indication between January 2010 and June 2019 at a single institution. Three orthopaedic surgeons and 1 musculoskeletal radiologist measured AHI on 2 separate occasions for patients who met the inclusion criteria. Rotator cuff pathologies were recorded from imaging reports made by fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologists. Results: A total of 257 patients (mean age, 52 years) met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 199 (77%) had at least 1 RCT, involving the supraspinatus in 174 (67.7%), infraspinatus in 119 (46.3%), subscapularis in 80 (31.1%), and teres minor in 3 (0.1%). Full-thickness tears of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, or subscapularis tendon were associated with significantly decreased AHI (7.1, 5.3, and 6.8 mm, respectively) compared with other tear severities ( P < .001). Having a larger number of RCTs was also associated with decreased AHI (ρ = –0.157; P = .012). Isolated infraspinatus tears had the lowest AHI (7.7 mm), which was significantly lower than isolated supraspinatus tears (8.9 mm; P = .047). Conclusion: Although various types of RCTs have been associated with superior humeral head migration, this study demonstrated a significant correlation between a complete RCT and superior humeral migration. Tears of the infraspinatus tendon seemed to have the greatest effect on maintaining the native position of the humeral head. Further studies are needed to determine whether early repair of these tears can slow the progression of rotator cuff disease.

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Elizabeth L. Yanik ◽  
Jay D. Keener ◽  
Shiow J. Lin ◽  
Graham A. Colditz ◽  
Rick W. Wright ◽  

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