communication delays
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Hoan Bao Lai ◽  
Anh-Tuan Tran ◽  
Van Huynh ◽  
Emmanuel Nduka Amaefule ◽  
Phong Thanh Tran ◽  

<p>In this paper, load frequency regulator based on linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) is designed for the MAPS with communication delays. The communication delay is considered to denote the small time delay in a local control area of a wide-area power system. The system is modeled in the state space with inclusion of the delay state matrix parameters. Since some state variables are difficult to measure in a real modern multi-area power system, Kalman filter is used to estimate the unmeasured variables. In addition, the controller with the optimal feedback gain reduces the frequency spikes to zero and keeps the system stable. Lyapunov function based on the LMI technique is used to re-assure the asymptotically stability and the convergence of the estimator error. The designed LQG is simulated in a two area connected power network with considerable time delay. The result from the simulations indicates that the controller performed with expectation in terms of damping the frequency fluctuations and area control errors. It also solved the limitation of other controllers which need to measure all the system state variables.</p>

2022 ◽  
pp. 316-328
Sami Davies ◽  
Janardhan Kulkarni ◽  
Thomas Rothvoss ◽  
Sai Sandeep ◽  
Jakub Tarnawski ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 1212 (1) ◽  
pp. 012040
M A Setiawan ◽  
E Sulistyo

Abstract Voltage regulation is one of the main control issues in DC Microgrids (MGs). To achieve voltage regulation in MGs, exchange information between distributed generation units (DG) is inevitable. There are two types of data exchange proposed and discussed, centralised and decentralised data communication schemes. Many papers in the literature did not give attention to the type of data communication infrastructure that will have a significant impact on both centralised and decentralised schemes. This paper proposes centralised and decentralised data communication scheme and their impact on voltage regulation in DC MGs. The dynamic performance of a DC MG with loads fluctuations, operating with the proposed technique, is evaluated through simulation analyses, realized in MATLAB. Both the proposed centralised and decentralised methods are able to maintain the voltage within acceptable limit during loads fluctuations; however the centralised method is around five times faster than the decentralised method. The results show the superiority of the proposed method for the DC MGs operations during load demands fluctuations, loads varieties, communication delays and structures.

2021 ◽  
Kuei-Fang Hsueh ◽  
Isam Al-Darabsah ◽  
Mohammad Al Janaideh ◽  
Sue Ann Campbell ◽  
Deepa Kundur

Abstract A Connected Autonomous Vehicle Network (CAVN) is an emerging paradigm that can reduce traffic congestion by allowing vehicles to cooperatively behave according to information out of the line of sight and improve traffic flow by decreasing inter-vehicular gaps on roadways. In this paper, the stability of CAVN with constant and time-varying communication delays is studied. When the time delay depends on time, the semi-discretization method is used to study the plant stability of the flow equilibrium of CAVN and construct approximate stability regions charts over control gain space. To study the influence of time-varying delay, a constant delay is considred as the average value of the time delay function. Then, explicit sufficient conditions are provided for the stability of the flow equilibrium and study the string stability of the CAVN. The proposed controller is validated using simulations and experimentally with a platoon of four autonomous robots under time-varying delays.

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