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2022 ◽  
pp. 119-140
Tiziano Volpentesta ◽  
Mario Miozza ◽  
Abhijeet Satwekar

Biopharmaceutical companies and health authorities continuously exchange information to provide safe and effective therapeutics. The interactions between the two require transparency and extensive documentation exchange concerning the processes which extend from the development through the manufacturing phase. The current processes rely on paper documentation, notebooks, and point-to-point electronic data interchange (EDI) for the storage of data. Thereby, generating challenges of data integrity within the internal siloed structures and the traceability of the medicinal products in the pursuit to avoid counterfeiting. With Industry 4.0 and blockchain, the authors envisioned a reinvented workflow that helps to 1) manage data integrity with decentralized trust and 2) improve the track and trace capabilities. Hence, biopharmaceutical companies can manage data in a more trustable manner while maintaining security and privacy, further enabling the external ecosystem with track and trace to ensure complete transparency until the therapeutics reach patients.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1212 (1) ◽  
pp. 012040
M A Setiawan ◽  
E Sulistyo

Abstract Voltage regulation is one of the main control issues in DC Microgrids (MGs). To achieve voltage regulation in MGs, exchange information between distributed generation units (DG) is inevitable. There are two types of data exchange proposed and discussed, centralised and decentralised data communication schemes. Many papers in the literature did not give attention to the type of data communication infrastructure that will have a significant impact on both centralised and decentralised schemes. This paper proposes centralised and decentralised data communication scheme and their impact on voltage regulation in DC MGs. The dynamic performance of a DC MG with loads fluctuations, operating with the proposed technique, is evaluated through simulation analyses, realized in MATLAB. Both the proposed centralised and decentralised methods are able to maintain the voltage within acceptable limit during loads fluctuations; however the centralised method is around five times faster than the decentralised method. The results show the superiority of the proposed method for the DC MGs operations during load demands fluctuations, loads varieties, communication delays and structures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (3) ◽  
pp. 126-134
Madyan Madyan ◽  
Ahmad Baidawi

The influence of Social Media at this time is extraordinary. In addition to communication tools, social media can also act as an information center that allows users to find out all the information that is currently happening. On the other hand, social media can also be something that is very scary for us, especially for students. Some students misuse social media not for learning purposes but for unproductive things. During the current Covid-19 pandemic, the Indonesian government has adopted a policy of online learning or online learning. Online can also be interpreted as a situation where computers or laptops can exchange information, because they are connected to the internet network, this then makes all students must have a cellphone or laptop. When students use cellphones and computers, they also access social media. The role of social media for students in achieving success or supporting learning achievement is very large. The role of teachers and parents is expected to be able to help students in limiting themselves to excessive use of social media. The purpose of this article is to determine the extent of the influence of social media on children's character education, learning achievement, the negative and positive impacts of social media and the role of teachers in schools in limiting students' use of social media.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 14
Muhammad Yusuf Bagus Rasyiidin ◽  
Fachroni Arbi Murad ◽  
Fachroni Arbi Murad

Abstract - SNMP is a network protocol used for monitoring network devices, especially servers, which allows senders and recipients to exchange information. With SNMP all device activities can be monitored using several additions available on Linux operating systems namely apache, PHP, SNMP, MySQL, and Cacti. Server monitoring is needed to find and solve some problems on a network that has many devices, aiming to monitor all network devices using Cacti. A problem that often occurs on a network is a slow connection and disconnected, with the presence of Cacti a network administrator can identify problems and fix them.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (6) ◽  
pp. 66-75
Ioannis Haranas ◽  
Ioannis Gkigkitzis ◽  
Kristin Cobbett ◽  
Ryan Gauthier

According to Landauer’s principle, the energy of a particle may be used to record or erase N number of information bits within the thermal bath. The maximum number of information N recorded by the particle in the heat bath is found to be inversely proportional to its temperature T. If at least one bit of information is transferred from the particle to the medium, then the particle might exchange information with the medium. Therefore for at least one bit of information, the limiting mass that can carry or transform information assuming a temperature T= 2.73 K is equal to m = 4.718´10-40 kg which is many orders of magnitude smaller that the masse of most of today’s elementary particles. Next, using the corresponding temperature of a graviton relic and assuming at least one bit of information the corresponding graviton mass is calculated and from that, a relation for the number of information N carried by a graviton as a function of the graviton mass mgr is derived. Furthermore, the range of information number contained in a graviton is also calculated for the given range of graviton mass as given by Nieto and Goldhaber, from which we find that the range of the graviton is inversely proportional to the information number N. Finally, treating the gravitons as harmonic oscillators in an enclosure of size R we derive the range of a graviton as a function of the cosmological parameters in the present era.

2021 ◽  
pp. 94-107
Marcin Mamiński

The traditionally understood development of human civilization is a commonly accepted and desired process that is consistent and inevitable. It causes that the indi- vidual uses more and more advanced technologies, it can more easily move around and exchange information. The technological revolution has also made possible a rapid increase in the number of people on Earth and in individual countries. The aim of this article is therefore to discuss the role of local government from the perspective of the applicable legal provisions in Poland.

2021 ◽  
surya andika

Information and Communication Technology is currently growing rapidly so that it can make it easier for everyone to exchange information with others through social media. One of the social media that currently has a big influence is Instagram. This study aims to find the ratios found on social media Instagram. These ratios can later be used to perform analyzes that can be measured mathematically. The research method used is exploratory to find the variables contained in Instagram. These variables will be juxtaposed to be tested for their relevance to find the relevant ratios used to assess the performance of an Instagram account. The results of this Instagram social media research show that 14 ratios can be used to assess, measure, and compare the credibility of an Instagram account. The discovery of this ratio implies that further researchers can conduct quantitative research in measuring, assessing, and comparing accounts contained on Instagram.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (24) ◽  
pp. 13884
Lei Li ◽  
Xue Song ◽  
Shujun Liu ◽  
Kun Huang

Travel Question and Answer (Q&A) platforms are widely used by travelers to exchange information online. This paper examined one such platform, Ctrip Q&A, to better understand the features of high-quality answers. The questions were first categorized into four types of information required by tourists (knowledge, efficiency, risk, and hedonic types) and then subdivided into more concrete elements, such as accommodation, food, and climate. The characteristics of high-quality answers on the platform were identified and a regression analysis was conducted to determine their importance. The study found that negative emotional expressions negatively impacted the quality of answers while the usefulness, richness, and amount of information had a positive effect. The usefulness of the answer content and quantity of information consistently predicted high-quality answers, whereas richness and conciseness were inconsistently related. Finally, the characteristics of high-quality answers to questions about different elements of tourism in the same category of tourist information varied significantly. This study may help travelers select and provide high-quality answers on tourism Q&A platforms. It may also assist platform operators in optimizing the features of their platforms, thereby improving user satisfaction and overall quality.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 163-173
Markiyan Z. Kulyk

Abstract The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea sets forth an unprecedented regime for marine environmental protection that compels parties to cooperate and includes mandatory dispute settlement procedures with binding decisions. Although the Convention does not contain a specific article stipulating a general duty to cooperate, cooperation permeates the logic of the document. The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) has recognised the importance of cooperation to marine protection and preservation in several cases. It could be suggested that the States Parties have a positive obligation to cooperate and a need to implement a range of actions to this end. ITLOS has consistently interpreted the duty to cooperate as comprising specific obligations: to consult, to exchange information, to monitor and assess relevant activities, to develop measures to prevent pollution or other environmental harm; which offers both the basis for the implementation of the duty to cooperate and the criteria for determining compliance.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-6
Adamu Abbas Adamu ◽  
Bahtiar Mohamad ◽  
Kinkin Yuliaty Subarsa Putri

Over the last three decades, a series of research has revealed how strategic communication may have a profound effect on how members of society behave. More precisely, communication theories have documented the media's ability to determine the agenda in society. The situational theory of problem-solving is particularly interesting because it explains why and how individual members of society communicate during a problematic situation. This hypothesis has been evaluated in a variety of contexts to determine its efficacy. However, few studies have been conducted to examine the influence of communication from corporations or governments to community members. The character of persons, particularly employees' information seeking and sharing behavior, has been significantly overlooked in the context of COVID-19. The purpose of this study is to investigate theoretically how employees to process, seek, forward, filter, choose, and exchange information regarding COVID 19.

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