voltage regulation
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Sumana S ◽  
Dhanalakshmi R ◽  
Dhamodharan S

The power quality improvement becomes one of the important tasks while using microgrid as main power supply. Because the microgrid is combination of renewable energy resources. The renewable energy resources are intermittent in power supply and at the peak loading condition it has to supply the required power. So, the power quality problems may increase in that time. Out of all power quality issues the voltage drop and harmonic distortion is considered as the most serious one. In recent years unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) is emerged as most promising device which compensates both utility as well as customer side power quality disturbances in effective way. The compensating potentiality used in the UPQC is limited by the use of DC link voltage regulation and the conventional proportional integral (PI) controller. In this paper the compensating potentiality of the UPQC device is controlled by an adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) control and it is powered from the available photovoltaics (PV) power generation. The effect of adding an intelligent UPQC is tested in the standard IEEE-14bus environment. MATLAB 2017b is used here for testing and plotting the simulation results.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 614
Zhenhuan Ding ◽  
Xiaoge Huang ◽  
Zhao Liu

Voltage regulation in distribution networks encounters a challenge of handling uncertainties caused by the high penetration of photovoltaics (PV). This research proposes an active exploration (AE) method based on reinforcement learning (RL) to respond to the uncertainties by regulating the voltage of a distribution network with battery energy storage systems (BESS). The proposed method integrates engineering knowledge to accelerate the training process of RL. The engineering knowledge is the chance-constrained optimization. We formulate the problem in a chance-constrained optimization with a linear load flow approximation. The optimization results are used to guide the action selection of the exploration for improving training efficiency and reducing the conserveness characteristic. The comparison of methods focuses on how BESSs are used, training efficiency, and robustness under varying uncertainties and BESS sizes. We implement the proposed algorithm, a chance-constrained optimization, and a traditional Q-learning in the IEEE 13 Node Test Feeder. Our evaluation shows that the proposed AE method has a better response to the training efficiency compared to traditional Q-learning. Meanwhile, the proposed method has advantages in BESS usage in conserveness compared to the chance-constrained optimization.

Siddhant Tiwari ◽  
Balram Yadav ◽  
Indrajeet Kumar ◽  

This thesis addresses the Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC) which is a major custom power solutions capable for load balancing, power factor-correction, voltage regulation, voltage and current harmonics mitigation in a three-phase three-wire distribution system for different combinations of linear, non-linear and dynamic loads. The unit template technique (UTT) is used to get the reference signals for series active power filter and shunt active power filter which utilizes two closed loop PI controllers. The design of three- phase three-wire UPQC includes the design of shunt controller (SHUC) and series controller (SERC).

Electronics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 207
Satyajit H. Chincholkar ◽  
Sangmesh V. Malge ◽  
Sanjaykumar L. Patil

The positive output elementary Luo (POEL) converter is a fourth-order DC–DC converter having highly non-linear dynamic characteristics. In this paper, a new dynamic output voltage feedback controller is proposed to achieve output voltage regulation of the POEL converter. In contrast to the state-of-the-art current-mode controllers for the high-order boost converters, the proposed control strategy uses only the output voltage state variable for feedback purposes. This eliminates the need for the inductor current sensor to reduce the cost and complexity of implementation. The controller design is accompanied by a strong theoretical foundation and detailed stability analyses to obtain some insight into the controlled system. The performance of the proposed controller is then compared with a multi-loop hysteresis-based sliding-mode controller (SMC) to achieve the output voltage-regulation of the same POEL converter. The schemes are compared concerning ease of implementation, in particular, the number of state variables and current sensors required for implementation and the closed-loop dynamic performance. Experimental results illustrating the features of both controllers in the presence of input reference and load changes are presented.

E. I. Gracheva ◽  
T. V. Tabachnikova ◽  
L. V. Shvetskova

THE PURPOSE. To consider the features of power supply system of oil and gas production complex, variety of layout of electrical complexes of producing wells. To develop a universal methodology for determining optimal voltage value in power supply center, that is, on substation power bus.METHODS. When calculating voltage in power supply center, which provides a certain amount of voltage on stator of most remote electric motor, method of equalizing potentials in nodes of outgoing line was used when calculating loads of elements of electrical complexes of producing wells. The development of a methodology for calculating optimal voltage of power supply center was carried out using the method of cognition, which was called ascent from simple to complex. The search for optimal voltage value of power supply center must be carried out by numerical methods with involvement of a software product that allows use of search algorithms.RESULTS. The article proposes a method for calculating optimal voltage of power supply center of outgoing line of an oil and gas producing enterprise. The developed technique can be applied under a wide range of energy optimization criteria and for any configuration of outgoing line circuit, takes into account technological features of the process of mechanized oil production and ensures a reduction in electricity consumption.CONCLUSION. The calculation method considered in article makes it possible to develop an optimal list of organizational and technical measures for voltage regulation in distribution network in order to reduce power consumption.

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