stereo vision
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2022 ◽  
Vol 135 ◽  
pp. 104136
Hyunjun Kim ◽  
Sung-Han Sim ◽  
Billie F. Spencer

Horng Yi Hsu ◽  
Yuichiro Toda ◽  
Kohei Yamashita ◽  
Keigo Watanabe ◽  
Masahiko Sasano ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Hongbin Chen

With the continuous advancement of science and technology and the rapid development of robotics, it has become an inevitable trend for domestic robots to enter thousands of households. In order to solve the inconvenience problem of the elderly and people with special needs, because the elderly and other people in need may need the help of domestic robots due to inconvenient legs and feet, the research of the robot target position based on monocular stereo vision and the understanding of the robot NAO are very important. Research and experiments are carried out on the target recognition and positioning in the process of NAO robot grasping. This paper proposes a recognition algorithm corresponding to quantitative component statistical information. First, extract the area of interest that contains the purpose from the image. After that, to eliminate interference in various fields and achieve target recognition, the robot cameras have almost no common field of view and can only use one camera at the same time. Therefore, this article uses the monocular vision principle to locate the target, and the detection algorithm is based on the structure of the robot head material, establishes the relationship between the height change of the machine head and the tilt angle, and improves the monocular vision NAO robot detection algorithm. According to experiments, the accuracy of the robot at close range can be controlled below 1 cm. This article completes the robot’s grasping and transmission of the target. About 80% of the external information that humans can perceive comes from vision. In addition, there are advantages such as high efficiency and good stability.

Measurement ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 110718
Farshad Gholami ◽  
Esmaeel Khanmirza ◽  
Mohammad Riahi

Measurement ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 188 ◽  
pp. 110570
Zonghua Zhang ◽  
Yuemin Wang ◽  
Feng Gao ◽  
Yongjia Xu ◽  
Xiangqian Jiang

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (3) ◽  
pp. 239-250
Ahmad Fauzan Kadmin ◽  
Rostam Affendi ◽  
Nurulfajar Abd. Manap ◽  
Mohd Saad ◽  
Nadzrie Nadzrie ◽  

This work presents the composition of a new algorithm for a stereo vision system to acquire accurate depth measurement from stereo correspondence. Stereo correspondence produced by matching is commonly affected by image noise such as illumination variation, blurry boundaries, and radiometric differences. The proposed algorithm introduces a pre-processing step based on the combination of Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE) and Adaptive Gamma Correction Weighted Distribution (AGCWD) with a guided filter (GF). The cost value of the pre-processing step is determined in the matching cost step using the census transform (CT), which is followed by aggregation using the fixed-window and GF technique. A winner-takes-all (WTA) approach is employed to select the minimum disparity map value and final refinement using left-right consistency checking (LR) along with a weighted median filter (WMF) to remove outliers. The algorithm improved the accuracy 31.65% for all pixel errors and 23.35% for pixel errors in nonoccluded regions compared to several established algorithms on a Middlebury dataset.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Ana Luisa Ballinas-Hernández ◽  
Ivan Olmos-Pineda ◽  
José Arturo Olvera-López

 A current challenge for autonomous vehicles is the detection of irregularities on road surfaces in order to prevent accidents; in particular, speed bump detection is an important task for safe and comfortable autonomous navigation. There are some techniques that have achieved acceptable speed bump detection under optimal road surface conditions, especially when signs are well-marked. However, in developing countries it is very common to find unmarked speed bumps and existing techniques fail. In this paper a methodology to detect both marked and unmarked speed bumps is proposed, for clearly painted speed bumps we apply local binary patterns technique to extract features from an image dataset. For unmarked speed bump detection, we apply stereo vision where point clouds obtained by the 3D reconstruction are converted to triangular meshes by applying Delaunay triangulation. A selection and extraction of the most relevant features is made to speed bump elevation on surfaces meshes. Results obtained have an important contribution and improve some of the existing techniques since the reconstruction of three-dimensional meshes provides relevant information for the detection of speed bumps by elevations on surfaces even though they are not marked.

2021 ◽  
Ying Zhao ◽  
Yiyuan Feng ◽  
Yueqiang Wang ◽  
Yu Chen ◽  
Guanghai Mo ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (24) ◽  
pp. 5075
Stanisław Hożyń ◽  
Bogdan Żak

The inspection-class Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) are crucial in underwater inspections. Their prime function is to allow the replacing of humans during risky subaquatic operations. These vehicles gather videos from underwater scenes that are sent online to a human operator who provides control. Furthermore, these videos are used for analysis. This demands an RGB camera operating at a close distance to the observed objects. Thus, to obtain a detailed depiction, the vehicle should move with a constant speed and a measured distance from the bottom. As very few inspection-class ROVs possess navigation systems that facilitate these requirements, this study had the objective of designing a vision-based control method to compensate for this limitation. To this end, a stereo vision system and image-feature matching and tracking techniques were employed. As these tasks are challenging in the underwater environment, we carried out analyses aimed at finding fast and reliable image-processing techniques. The analyses, through a sequence of experiments designed to test effectiveness, were carried out in a swimming pool using a VideoRay Pro 4 vehicle. The results indicate that the method under consideration enables automatic control of the vehicle, given that the image features are present in stereo-pair images as well as in consecutive frames captured by the left camera.

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