transcranial magnetic stimulation
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Thomas G. Di Virgilio ◽  
Magdalena Ietswaart ◽  
Ragul Selvamoorthy ◽  
Angus M. Hunter

Abstract Background The suitability of corticomotor inhibition and corticospinal excitability to measure brain health outcomes and recovery of sport-related head impact (concussion and subconcussion) depends on good inter-day reliability, which is evaluated in this study. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) reliability in soccer players is assessed by comparing soccer players, for whom reliability on this measure may be reduced due to exposure to head impacts, to generally active individuals not engaged in contact sport. Methods TMS-derived corticomotor inhibition and corticospinal excitability were recorded from the rectus femoris muscle during two testing sessions, spaced 1–2 weeks apart in 19 soccer players (SOC—age 22 ± 3 years) and 20 generally active (CON—age 24 ± 4 years) healthy volunteers. Inter-day reliability between the two time points was quantified by using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC). Intra-group reliability and group differences on actual measurement values were also explored. Results Good inter-day reliability was evident for corticomotor inhibition (ICCSOC = 0.61; ICCCON = 0.70) and corticospinal excitability (ICCSOC = 0.59; ICCCON = 0.70) in both generally active individuals and soccer players routinely exposed to sport-related head impacts. Corticomotor inhibition showed lower coefficients of variation than excitability for both groups (InhibSOC = 15.2%; InhibCON = 9.7%; ExcitabSOC = 41.6%; ExcitabCON = 39.5%). No group differences between soccer players and generally active individuals were found on the corticomotor inhibition value (p > 0.05), but levels of corticospinal excitability were significantly lower in soccer players (45.1 ± 20.8 vs 85.4 ± 6.2%Mmax, p < 0.0001). Corticomotor inhibition also showed excellent inter-rater reliability (ICC = 0.87). Conclusions Corticomotor inhibition and corticospinal excitability are stable and maintain good degrees of reliability when assessed over different days in soccer players, despite their routine exposure to head impacts. However, based on intra-group reliability and group differences of the levels of excitability, we conclude that corticomotor inhibition is best suited for the evaluation of neuromuscular alterations associated with head impacts in contact sports.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
Ting-Yu Chou ◽  
Jia-Chi Wang ◽  
Mu-Yun Lin ◽  
Po-Yi Tsai

BackgroundAlthough low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS) has shown promise in the treatment of poststroke aphasia, the efficacy of high-frequency rTMS (HF-rTMS) has yet to be determined.PurposeWe investigated the efficacy of intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) in ameliorating chronic non-fluent aphasia and compared it with that of LF-rTMS.MethodsWe randomly assigned patients with poststroke non-fluent aphasia to an ipsilesional iTBS (n = 29), contralesional 1-Hz rTMS (n = 27), or sham (n = 29) group. Each group received the rTMS protocol executed in 10 daily sessions over 2 weeks. We evaluated language function before and after the intervention by using the Concise Chinese Aphasia Test (CCAT).ResultsCompared with the sham group, the iTBS group exhibited significant improvements in conversation, description, and expression scores (P = 0.0004–0.031), which characterize verbal production, as well as in auditory comprehension, reading comprehension, and matching scores (P &lt; 0.01), which characterize language perception. The 1-Hz group exhibited superior improvements in expression, reading comprehension, and imitation writing scores compared with the sham group (P &lt; 0.05). The iTBS group had significantly superior results in CCAT total score, matching and auditory comprehension (P &lt; 0.05) relative to the 1-Hz group.ConclusionOur study findings contribute to a growing body of evidence that ipsilesional iTBS enhances the language recovery of patients with non-fluent aphasia after a chronic stroke. Auditory comprehension was more preferentially enhanced by iTBS compared with the 1-Hz protocol. Our findings highlight the importance of ipsilesional modulation through excitatory rTMS for the recovery of non-fluent aphasia in patients with chronic stroke.Clinical Trial Registration:[], identifier [NCT03059225].

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Georgios Mikellides ◽  
Panayiota Michael ◽  
Lilia Psalta ◽  
Teresa Schuhmann ◽  
Alexander T. Sack

Depression is a common mental disorder that affects many people worldwide, while a significant proportion of patients remain non-responsive to antidepressant medications. Alternative treatment options such as ketamine therapy and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) therapy are offered nowadays. This study aims to describe and compare the acute antidepressive efficacy of both, intramuscular ketamine and rTMS in depression patients seeking help in a naturalistic clinical mental health setting. The clinical records of 24 patients with treatment resistant depression were collected from the clinical base of a real life clinic. Twelve patients were treated with intramuscular ketamine, twice weekly for 8 sessions, and twelve patients were treated with 30 sessions of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex – intermittent theta-burst stimulation (DLPFC-iTBS). Using three clinical assessments (HDRS, HAM-A, BDI-II), our data reveal that both therapies led to significant improvement in symptoms from pre- to post- treatment, as well as that the two experimental groups did not differ significantly with respect to pre- to post- depressive and anxiety symptoms, indicating that the effect of both experimental groups in our sample was equally effective. Furthermore, our results showed high remission and response rates in both groups, with no statistical differences between the patients of ketamine group and rTMS group in remission and response rates. We show a significant pre- to post- treatment reduction in depressive and anxiety symptoms, with no significant differences between the two experimental groups, indicating that the effect of both therapies was equally effective in our limited sample.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document