Industrial Wastewater
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2021 ◽  
pp. 112467
Author(s):  
Charles Amanze ◽  
Xiaoya Zheng ◽  
Meilian Man ◽  
Zhaojing Yu ◽  
Chenbing Ai ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Zouxia Long ◽  
Wenling Wang ◽  
Xingguang Yu ◽  
Zhongyang Lin ◽  
Jian Chen

Plastic-related industrial discharge is suspected as a significant source of microplastics (MPs) in the influent of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, little is known about the characteristics of MPs in industrial wastewater. Taking the Haicang WWTP in Xiamen, China, as an example, this study compared MPs in industrial wastewater with the domestic one in terms of abundance, particle size, polymer type, shape and color. Wentworth modulus, grain size parameters and principal component analysis (PCA) were performed to describe the MP difference between those two. It was found that the abundance of MPs in industrial wastewater was more than twice that in domestic wastewater, and the flux of MPs discharged into the aquatic environment through industrial wastewater was about 3.2 times that of domestic wastewater. The main shapes of MPs in industrial wastewater and domestic wastewater were fiber and granule, respectively. The proportion of polyester (PES) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in industrial wastewater was higher than that in domestic wastewater, related to the type of factories served by the WWTP. Compared with domestic wastewater, the rough surface of MPs in industrial wastewater was more complex and diverse, which might have a high capability of adsorbing other pollutants, thereby causing more significant harm to the environment. Our results supported that industrial sources of MPs are the priority areas in environmental management, and immediate action is taken to prevent industrial-sources MPs from entering the environment.


Author(s):  
Xiangxiang Sun ◽  
Zhangwang Chen ◽  
Tingting Shi ◽  
Guangqing Yang ◽  
Xiaoyan Yang

Abstract The development of digital economy affects environmental pollution emission and green sustainable development. However, the relationship between digital economy and industrial wastewater discharge has rarely been examined. This study establishes the urban digital economy evaluation index system, measures the digital economy indexes of 281 prefecture-level cities in China from 2011 to 2016, and examines the impact effect of digital economy development on industrial wastewater discharge using the system generalized method of moment method and the intermediary effects model. The empirical results indicate that the digital economy reduces the industrial wastewater discharge. As evidence shows, the digital economy significantly promotes the upgrading of industrial structure, which is an important factor affecting the industrial wastewater discharge. Additionally, the inhibiting effect of digital economy on industrial wastewater discharge is more significant in big cities. This study provides a scientific base and guidance for reducing environmental pollution emissions and promoting the development of digital economy.


Author(s):  
Sibel Barisci ◽  
Rominder Suri

Abstract The presence of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) has caused serious problems for drinking water supplies especially at intake locations close to PFAS manufacturing facilities, wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), and sites where PFAS containing firefighting foam was regularly used. Although monitoring is increasing, knowledge on PFAS occurrences particularly in municipal and industrial effluents is still relatively low. Even though the production of C8-based PFAS has been phased out, they are still being detected at many WWTPs. Emerging PFAS such as GenX and F-53B are also beginning to be reported in aquatic environments. This paper presents a broad review and discussion on the occurrence of PFAS in municipal and industrial wastewater which appear to be their main sources. Carbon adsorption and ion exchange are currently used treatment technologies for PFAS removal. However, these methods have been reported to be ineffective for the removal of short-chain PFAS. Several pioneering treatment technologies, such as electrooxidation, ultrasound, and plasma have been reported for PFAS degradation. Nevertheless, in-depth research should be performed for the applicability of emerging technologies for real-world applications. This paper examines different technologies and helps to understand the research needs to improve the development of treatment processes for PFAS in wastewater streams.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 015-025
Author(s):  
Cahyaning Kilang Permatasari

The location of tempe processing adjacent to the settlement causes problems. The resulting liquid waste makes people uncomfortable. This is presumably because the liquid waste has not been managed properly, because it is only dumped into the drainage channel. The majority of tempe industrial entrepreneurs are home industries who are not aware of creating a healthy environment by paying attention to liquid waste processing. There are many studies on technology for the tempe industrial wastewater problem, but each technology has advantages and disadvantages. It is necessary to have a system to choose the technology that suits the waste conditions. This research takes a case study in Karanganyar Regency. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method is a method of determining priority scale that can accommodate all aspects. Furthermore, a sequence of criteria can be arranged as needed. The results of the analysis with AHP are: technology criteria 31.09%; environment 28.65%; economic 21.74% and social 18.53%. Environmental sub-criteria showed the results of the removal of ammonia 40.56%; treated water quality 30.74%; the amount of mud is 18.91% and the emission level is 9.80%. Technology sub-criteria are ease of operation 28.67%; land area requirement 28.56%; service life of 28.05% and the potential of technology in the midification of 14.72%. Economic sub-criteria with the results of operating costs 34.21%; installation cost 33.28%; maintenance costs 23.78% and HR costs 8.73%. Social sub-criteria with the results of the need for employment of 49.10%; readiness of human resources 19.33%; implementation of construction 16.74% and aesthetics 14.82%. The results of the AHP can be used as input for tempe entrepreneurs, the government and the community to improve the environmental quality of the tempe industrial wastewater. It is hoped that entrepreneurs will find it easier to determine the appropriate technology to treat the tempe industrial liquid waste.


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