Critical Review
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

24315
(FIVE YEARS 10802)

H-INDEX

317
(FIVE YEARS 122)

2022 ◽  
Vol 178 ◽  
pp. 106080
Author(s):  
Adeline Jerome ◽  
Harald Helander ◽  
Maria Ljunggren ◽  
Matty Janssen

Author(s):  
Rita I Wijaya ◽  
Muhammad Ilyas

Background: One of the health problems that can be caused by glutaralaldehyde is allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). However, the causal relationship between glutaraldehyde and DKA is still unclear, so it is necessary to look for some evidence regarding this relationship. The search for evidence is also equipped with a seven-step assessment of occupational diseases therefore it can assist occupational medicine doctors who find patients with ACD and have a history of exposure to glutaraldehyde. Methods: Literature search using Pubmed, Scopus and JSTOR databases. The keywords used are ‘healthcare worker OR healthcare personnel’, ‘glutaraldehyde’ and ‘allergic contact dermatitis. Article selection was performed using the defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Selected articles will be critically reviewed based on etiological studies from the Oxford Center of Evidence-Based Medicine. Result: It was in six selected articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The main finding after a critical review was that glutaraldehyde may increase the risk of ACD. Conclusion: There is a relationship between 1% glutaraldehyde exposure and the incidence of ACD in health workers. To establish the diagnosis of occupational diseases in health workers who are exposed to glutaraldehyde, seven steps of diagnosis of occupational diseases are used.


Author(s):  
Spadini Putri ◽  
Muhammad Ilyas

Background: One of the health problems that can be caused by Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is Diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the causal relationship between Perfluorooctanoic acid and DM is still unclear, so it is necessary to look for some evidence regarding this relationship. The search for evidence is also equipped with a seven-step assessment of occupational diseases therefore it can assist occupational health doctors who find patients with DM and have a history of exposure to glutaraldehyde. Methods: Literature search using Pubmed, Cochrane and JSTOR databases. The keywords used are “PFOA” OR “perfluoroalkyl substances” OR “perfluorooctanoic acid” AND “diabetes mellitus”. Article selection was performed using the defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Selected articles will be critically reviewed based on etiological studies from the Oxford Center of Evidence-Based Medicine. Result: It was in 5 selected articles that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The main finding after a critical review was that PFOA may increase the risk of DM. Conclusion: There is a relationship between PFOA and the incidence of DM in health workers. To establish the diagnosis of occupational diseases in health workers who are exposed to PFOA, seven steps of diagnosis of occupational diseases are used.


2022 ◽  
Vol 156 ◽  
pp. 106314
Author(s):  
Falilat O. Kassim ◽  
C.L. Paul Thomas ◽  
Oluwasola O.D. Afolabi

Author(s):  
Azucena Ojeda Sánchez ◽  
Caridad Rangel Yepez ◽  
Cecilia Mecalco Herrera

AbstractSince socioeconomic and political conditions influence eating behavior, the number of studies and interventions developed in Mexico has increased, where there is a long history of implementing policies and institutional programs aimed at malnutrition. Under this context, the purpose of this review was to analyze the current situation of food interventions implemented in Mexico, with emphasis on the actions of university institutions. The search was carried out at the Scielo, Elsevier and Latindex bases, focusing on the editorial production of the last decade. It was notorious that intersectoral policies and strategies to address malnutrition are far from local interventions, and its impact is not assessed. Biomedical approaches tend to be individualistic and prescriptive-normative; while the social, based on "educate in health", involves essentially informative strategies. Regard studies focused on young university students, exploratory and descriptive approaches predominate, leaving aside health promotion approaches. In general, the efforts made have been operated in isolation, with a predominance of the curative-informative approach rather than preventive and health promotion. Therefore, in order to enrich the understanding of the food phenomenon, it is urgent to resume sociocultural approaches.ResumenDado que las condiciones socioeconómicas y políticas influyen en el comportamiento alimentario, ha incrementado el número de estudios e intervenciones desarrolladas en México, en donde existe una larga historia de implementación de políticas y programas institucionales dirigidos a la malnutrición. Bajo este contexto, el propósito del presente estudio documental fue analizar la situación actual de las intervenciones alimentarias implementadas en México, con énfasis en las acciones de las instituciones universitarias. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases SciELO, Elsevier y Latindex, enfocándose en la producción editorial de la última década. Resultó notorio que las políticas y estrategias intersectoriales para atender la malnutrición están distantes de las intervenciones locales, y sin evaluación de su impacto. Los abordajes biomédicos tienden a ser individualistas y prescriptivos-normativos; mientras que los sociales, que parten de “educar en salud”, supone estrategias esencialmente informativas. En cuanto a los estudios enfocados en jóvenes estudiantes universitarios, predominan las aproximaciones exploratorias y descriptivas, quedando de lado los abordajes de promoción de la salud. En general, los esfuerzos realizados se han operado de manera aislada, con predominio del enfoque curativo-informativo más que preventivo y de promoción de la salud. Por tanto, en vistas de enriquecer la comprensión del fenómeno alimentario, resulta apremiante retomar los enfoques socioculturales.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document