radar waveforms
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Abdulmuneem Alselwi ◽  
Adnan Umar Khan ◽  
Ijaz Mansoor Qureshi ◽  
Wasim Khan ◽  
Abdul Basit

Abstract In this paper, an efficient dual function radar-communication system is proposed to improve the system's resource utilization. In this work, we considered a scenario where the location of the communication receiver is known prior but the radar target is moving and its location is changing with time. Therefore, we proposed a closed-loop design that allows an adaptive selection of appropriate information embedding strategies during tracking operations. We used two strategies that utilize the amplitudes and/or phases of the transmitted radar waveforms toward the communication direction according to the position of the communication receiver during each scan. Hence, during each radar illumination, the system carries out a target-tracking task and simultaneously maintains the communication symbols transmission toward the intended communication direction. The simulation results verify the effective performance of the proposed approach in terms of target detection and tracking performance and angular bit error rate (BER). Furthermore, the proposed amplitude phase-shift keying signaling strategy can transmit different communication symbols to different users located within the sidelobe region and also provides a significant improvement in data rate transmission and BER performance compared with the existing sidelobe-based communication strategies.

Christian C. Jones ◽  
Charles A. Mohr ◽  
Patrick M. McCormick ◽  
Shannon D. Blunt

Nicholas R. Munson ◽  
Travis D. Bufler ◽  
Ram M. Narayanan

2021 ◽  
Claude de Rijke-Thomas ◽  
Jack Landy ◽  
Joshua King ◽  
Michel Tsamados

<p>Snow depth estimates remain a large uncertainty for constraining the accuracy of sea ice thickness retrievals from polar altimetry. There have been several recent investigations into methods for estimating snow depth from airborne observations over sea ice; this poster outlines a comparison between two different methods applied to Operation IceBridge data from the Spring 2016 campaign. The first co-locates visible-band laser scanner data from the Airborne Topographic Mapper with Ku-band data from the CReSIS radar, using a fixed threshold first-maximum retracker algorithm for retracking radar waveforms and applying a calibration step to remove the vertical offset between sensors at leads. This method represents an airborne proxy for the newly-aligned ICESat-2 and CryoSat-2 orbits of the Cryo2Ice campaign. The second method uses the conventional CReSIS ultrawide-band frequency‐modulated continuous‐wave ‘snow radar’ system, that ranges between S- and C-band, applying the retracker algorithm described by Newman et al 2014. We evaluate properties of the estimated snow depth distribution, and alignment of air-snow and snow-ice interfaces, along the aircraft track and the scale of correlation between sensors.</p>

Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (5) ◽  
pp. 1727
Leandro Pralon ◽  
Gabriel Beltrao ◽  
Alisson Barreto ◽  
Bruno Cosenza

Noise Radar technology is the general term used to describe radar systems that employ realizations of a given stochastic process as transmit waveforms. Originally, carriers modulated in amplitude by a Gaussian random signal, derived from a hardware noise source, were taken into consideration, justifying the adopted nomenclature. With the advances made in hardware as well as the rise of the software defined noise radar concept, waveform design emerges as an important research area related to such systems. The possibility of generating signals with varied stochastic properties increased the potential in achieving systems with enhanced performances. The characterization of random phase and frequency modulated waveforms (more suitable for several applications) has then gained considerable notoriety within the radar community as well. Several optimization algorithms have been proposed in order to conveniently shape both the autocorrelation function of the random samples that comprise the transmit signal, as well as their power spectrum density. Nevertheless, little attention has been driven to properly characterize the stochastic properties of those signals through closed form expressions, jeopardizing the effectiveness of the aforementioned algorithms as well as their reproducibility. Within this context, this paper investigates the performance of several random phase and frequency modulated waveforms, varying the stochastic properties of their modulating signals.

Augusto Aubry ◽  
Vincenzo Carotenuto ◽  
Antonio De MAIO ◽  
Alfonso Farina ◽  
Alessio Izzo ◽  

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