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2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
pp. 0-0

Facial recognition systems use advanced computing to capture facial information and compare the same with proprietary databases for validation. The emergence of data capturing intermediaries and open access image repositories have compounded the need for a holistic perspective for handling the privacy and security challenges associated with FRS. The study presents the results of a bibliometric analysis conducted on the topic of privacy, ethical and security aspects of FRS. This study presents the level of academic discussion on the topic using bibliometric performance analysis. The results of the bibliographic coupling analysis to identify the research hotspots are also presented. The results also include the systematic literature review of 148 publications that are distributed across seven themes. Both the bibliometric and systematic analysis showed that privacy and security in FRS requires a holistic perspective that cuts across privacy, ethical, security, legal, policy and technological aspects.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 76-80
Author(s):  
Jae Hyun Park ◽  
Tae Hoon Roh ◽  
Jang-Hee Kim ◽  
Se-Hyuk Kim

2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (6) ◽  
pp. 311-314
Author(s):  
Jennifer L. Vazzano ◽  
Benjamin J. Swanson ◽  
Paul E. Wakely

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Gavin Dennehy ◽  
Bobby Kennedy ◽  
John Spillane

PurposeThe purpose of this study is to identify the factors relating to the integration and compliance of Building Control (Amendment) Regulations 2014 (BC(A)R 2014) in large Irish construction organisations.Design/methodology/approachTo achieve the aim, a mixed method approach is adopted, initially, providing a critique of the literature review, followed by a combination of 7 semi-structured interviews and 30 questionnaires from industry practitioners.FindingsFindings demonstrate that BC(A)R has had a significant positive effect on the industry, eliminating previous bad practice, by increasing the accountability for professionals signing-off on new buildings, and highlights the emphasis on certification in successfully achieving practical completion on projects.Practical implicationsThe findings provide further justification on the need for compliance, and integration, of BC(A)R in the Irish construction sector, offering further evidence, where needed, on the benefit of its adoption.Originality/valueThe originality and value of this research lies in the limited number of studies in the area, particularly in the context of large Irish construction projects, which this study aims to fulfil.


10.2196/27848 ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (4) ◽  
pp. e27848
Author(s):  
Teerawat Kamnardsiri ◽  
Kochaphan Phirom ◽  
Sirinun Boripuntakul ◽  
Somporn Sungkarat

Background Declines in physical and cognitive functions are recognized as important risk factors for falls in older adults. Promising evidence suggests that interactive game-based systems that allow simultaneous physical and cognitive exercise are a potential approach to enhance exercise adherence and reduce fall risk in older adults. However, a limited number of studies have reported the development of a combined physical-cognitive game-based training system for fall risk reduction in older adults. Objective The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate the usability of an interactive physical-cognitive game-based training system (game-based exercise) for older adults. Methods In the development phase (Part I), a game-based exercise prototype was created by integrating knowledge and a literature review as well as brainstorming with experts on effective fall prevention exercise for older adults. The output was a game-based exercise prototype that covers crucial physical and cognitive components related to falls. In the usability testing (Part II), 5 games (ie, Fruits Hunter, Where Am I?, Whack a Mole, Sky Falls, and Crossing Poison River) with three difficulty levels (ie, beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels) were tested in 5 older adults (mean age 70.40 years, SD 5.41 years). After completing the games, participants rated their enjoyment level while engaging with the games using the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) and commented on the games. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the participants’ characteristics and PACES scores. Results The results showed that the average PACES score was 123 out of 126 points overall and between 6.66 and 7.00 for each item, indicating a high level of enjoyment. Positive feedback, such as praise for the well-designed interactions and user-friendly interfaces, was also provided. Conclusions These findings suggest that it is promising to implement an interactive, physical-cognitive game-based exercise in older adults. The effectiveness of a game-based exercise program for fall risk reduction has yet to be determined.


2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 37-44
Author(s):  
Ni Putu Juni Ari

This study aimed to investigate the students ‘perception and challenge in learning by using Google Classroom especially in the current pandemic of Covid-19. The present study used a literature review as the design to collect the data. Related studies about students ‘perception and challenge on Google Classroom in teaching and learning were analyzed to be described in the present study. The finding of this study showed that students have positive perception toward the use of Google Classroom in learning and it was useful in teaching. However, students ‘accessibility and connectivity were the most challenging in learning through Google Classroom during the pandemic.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Huong Thi Thanh Nguyen ◽  
Anh Phuong Hoang ◽  
Ly Thi Kim Do ◽  
Stephen Schiffer ◽  
Huyen Thi Hoa Nguyen

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is commonly seen in women after birth and can lead to adverse effects on both the health of mothers and child(ren) development. In Vietnam, there have been a number of studies examining the rate and risk factors of PPD, but none has provided a systematic review.Aim: This current literature review aims to summarize and synthesize the current state of knowledge of studies conducted in Vietnam to provide a comprehensive understanding of the PPD phenomena during the last 10 years.Data Sources: A literature search was conducted relying on the most common online databases—MEDLINE/PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar, which included articles if they (i) examined prevalence or risk factors of PPD; (ii) were conducted among Vietnamese participants using either quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method, and (iii) were published from 2010 to 2020. After the filtering process, 18 articles were eligible to be reviewed.Results: Research studies in Vietnam on PPD are conducted among women at and after 1-month delivery. The rate of PPD reported in Vietnam among mothers at postnatal time points from 1 to 12 months ranged from 8.2 to 48.1%. Risk factors can be clustered into three groups: personal factors, family factors, and environmental factors.Recommendation: Further research studies should focus on examining PPD at an earlier stage within the first month after birth. The investigation of risk factors in a comprehensive manner for Vietnamese mothers would also be recommended.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ruiji Guo ◽  
Xia Fang ◽  
Hailei Mao ◽  
Bin Sun ◽  
Jiateng Zhou ◽  
...  

Synpolydactyly (SPD) is a hereditary congenital limb malformation with distinct syndactyly designated as SPD1, SPD2, and SPD3. SPD1 is caused by mutations of HOXD13, which is a homeobox transcription factor crucial for limb development. More than 143 SPD patients have been reported to carry HOXD13 mutations, but there is a lack of genotype–phenotype correlation. We report a novel missense mutation of c. 925A > T (p.I309F) in an individual with atypical synpolydactyly inherited from her father with mild clinodactyly and three other different alanine insertion mutations in HOXD13 identified by whole exome sequencing (WES) in 12 Chinese SPD families. Unlike polyalanine extension, which tends to form α-helix and causes protein aggregation in the cytoplasm as shown by molecular simulation and immunofluorescence, the c. 925A > T mutation impairs downstream transcription of EPHA7. We compiled literature findings and analyzed genotype–phenotype features in 173 SPD individuals of 53 families, including 12 newly identified families. Among the HOXD13-related individuals, mutations were distributed in three regions: polyalanine, homeobox, and non-homeobox. Polyalanine extension was the most common variant (45%), followed by missense mutations (32%) mostly in the homeobox compared with the loss-of-function (LOF) variants more likely in non-homeobox. Furthermore, a more severe degree and classic SPD were associated with polyalanine mutations although missense variants were associated with brachydactyly and syndactyly in hands and feet and LOF variants with clinodactyly in hands. Our study broadens the HOXD13 mutation spectrum and reveals the profile of three different variants and their severity of SPD, the genotype–phenotype correlation related to the HOXD13 mutation site provides clinical insight, including for genetic counseling.


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