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2022 ◽  
Vol 149 ◽  
pp. 105697
Dennis O. Ochieng ◽  
Sylvester O. Ogutu

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
pp. 72-81
Efva Octavina Donata Gozali ◽  
Ruth Samantha Hamzah ◽  
Chomsah Novianti Pratiwi ◽  
Marissa Octari

The study aims to examine the association of firms characteristics comprise of firm age, firm size, leverage, and profitability to earnings management (EM). The data is collected from listed Singaporean corporation in Singapore stock exchange (SGX) in the period of 2017 and 2018. Purposive sampling and panel data regression were employed as the sampling and analysis method, respectively. Our results are based on a large sample of 852 firm-year observations. The results show that firm age and firm size significantly affected EM, meanwhile, leverage and profitability indicate insignificant effects to EM. In addition, these results provide information to investors and potential investors regarding future investment decisions.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 131-149
Sasabila Tisat Anisa ◽  
Saiful Anwar

This research aims to analyze the effect of capital adequacy ratio (CAR), financing risk (NPF), and operational efficiency (BOPO) on profitability (ROA) with liquidity level (FDR) as an intervening variable in Islamic commercial banks (ICB) in Indonesia in 2015 to 2019. The data used is secondary data in panel data, taken from the annual reports published by each ICB official website. Data analysis used multiple linear regression and path analysis. The results of this study found that CAR has a negative effect on ROA, NPF has a negative effect on ROA, BOPO has a negative effect on ROA, FDR has a positive effect on ROA, CAR has a negative effect on FDR, NPF has a negative effect on FDR, BOPO has a positive effect on FDR liquidity. At the same time, FDR cannot be an intervening variable in the relationship of CAR, NPF, BOPO to ROA. This research provides insight for ICB in maintaining the value of NPF and BOPO to increase the company's net profit.

Francisco J. Oliver-Márquez ◽  
Almudena Guarnido-Rueda ◽  
Ignacio Amate-Fortes ◽  
Diego Martínez-Navarro

AbstractOur objective is to analyze whether financial knowledge influences income inequality. For this purpose, we resort to a new index of financial knowledge that differs from the existing ones in that it is both longitudinal and macroeconomic. We use this index as one of the explanatory variables of the Net Gini Index in our panel data estimations. Based on a sample of 63 countries over the period 2008–2014, our results allow us to conclude that financial knowledge is related to income inequality and that, moreover, this relationship is non-linear. Thus, increases in financial knowledge could reduce income inequality when starting from relatively low levels of such knowledge. However, at a certain threshold, the income redistributive effect of financial knowledge could disappear or even reverse. Even so, national strategies for financial education could be useful to achieve economic equity in those countries where financial knowledge levels are low. In addition, we shed light on the effect that other variables (such as institutional quality or under-education) have on income inequality.

Nabila Amin ◽  
Huaming Song ◽  
Zahid Afzal Khan

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 212-225
Idris Saleh

This research aims to show the effect of capital adequacy ratio (CAR), financing to deposit ratio (FDR), non-performing financing (NPF), operating expenses on operating income (OEOI), and inflation partially and simultaneously on return on assets (ROA) at Sharia Commercial Bank in Indonesia. This type of research is a quantitative research using secondary data based on panel data. The research population consisted of 11 Islamic Commercial Banks in Indonesia using the purposive sampling technique so that 220 samples were obtained. The data analysis technique used is panel data regression method, classical assumption test, coefficient of determination, t-test, and f-test. The results show that CAR has a positive and significant effect on ROA, FDR has a negative and insignificant effect on ROA, NPF, and inflation has a positive effect and is not significant on ROA. At the same time, OEOI has a negative and significant effect on ROA. Simultaneously all independent variables have a significant effect on ROA.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (10) ◽  
pp. 489
E. M. Ekanayake ◽  
Ranjini Thaver

The objective of this study is to investigate the nexus between financial development (FD) in economic growth (GROWTH) in developing countries. The study uses panel data from 138 developing countries during the period 1980–2018. The relationship between financial development and economic growth is investigated using four explanatory variables that are commonly used to measure the level of financial development and several other control variables, including a dummy variable representing the financial and banking crises. The sample of 138 developing countries is also classified into six geographic regions. We have carried out panel unit-root tests and panel cointegration tests before estimating the specified models using both Panel Least Squares (Panel LS) and Panel Fully Modified Least Squares (FMOLS) methods. In addition, panel Granger causality tests have been conducted to identify the direction of causality between FD and GROWTH for each of the regions. The results of the study provide evidence of a direct relationship between FD and GROWTH in developing countries. Furthermore, there is evidence of bi-directional causality running from FD to GROWTH and from GROWTH to FD in samples of Europe and Central Asia, South Asia, and all countries, but not in East Asia and Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, and Sub-Saharan Africa.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 165-182
Linda Devy Ramadhani ◽  
Taufikur Rahman

This study aims to analyze the effect of mudharabah financing, murabahah financing, and ijarah financing on return on assets (ROA) with operating costs and operating income (BOPO) as intervening variables. This research is quantitative research using secondary data in panel data with a purposive sampling technique. The sample used is three Islamic commercial banks registered with the financial services authority from 2017 to 2020. Data analysis includes descriptive test, stationary test, regression test, classical assumption test, path analysis test, and Sobel test. The results of this study indicate that mudharabah financing and ijarah financing do not affect ROA. Murabahah and BOPO financing has negative and significant effects on ROA. BOPO did not mediate the effect of mudharabah, murabahah, and ijarah financing on ROA.

Francisco Queiró

Abstract This paper shows that entrepreneurial human capital is a key driver of firm dynamics using administrative panel data on the universe of firms and workers in Portugal. Firms started by more educated entrepreneurs are larger at entry and exhibit higher life cycle growth. Consistent with an effect on growth, the thickness of the right tail of the size distribution increases with entrepreneur schooling. The evidence points to several underlying mechanisms, with technology adoption playing the most important part. I develop and estimate a model of firm dynamics that can parsimoniously account for these findings, and use it to draw aggregate implications. Accounting for the effect of entrepreneurial human capital on firm dynamics can substantially increase aggregate returns to schooling and the fraction of cross-country income differences explained by human and physical capital.

A. R. M. Alsayed

AbstractThe coronavirus pandemic is one of the most fast-spreading diseases in the history, and the transmission of this virus has crossed rapidly over the whole world. In this study, we intend to detect the effect of temperature, precipitation, and wind speed on the Coronavirus infected cases throughout climate seasons for the whole year of epidemic starting from February 20, 2020 to February 19, 2021 with considering data patterns of each season separately; winter, spring, summer, autumn, in Mediterranean European regions, whereas those are located at the similar temperature zone in southern Europe. We apply the panel data approach by considering the developed robust estimation of clustered standard error which leads to achieving high forecasting accuracy. The main finding supports that temperature and wind speed have significant influence in reducing the Coronavirus cases at the beginning of this epidemic particularly in the first-winter, spring, and early summer, but they have very weak effects in the autumn and second-winter. Therefore, it is important to take into account the changes throughout seasons, and to consider other indirect factors which influence the virus transmission. This finding could lead to significant contributions to policymakers in European Union and European Commission Environment to limit the Coronavirus transmissions. As the Mediterranean region becomes more crowded for tourism purposes particularly in the summer season.

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