weak grid
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Salman Harasis ◽  
Saher Albatran ◽  
Eyad Almaita ◽  
Khaled Alzaareer ◽  
Qusay Salem ◽  

<p>Controlling weak grid-connected systems is very challenging. In transient, frequency and voltage oscillations may lead to voltage and/or frequency stability problems and finally lead to system collapse. During steady-state operation and at the point of common coupling (PCC), voltage degradation and grid voltage background harmonics restrict the inverter's functionality, reduce the power flow capability and cause poor power quality. With weak grid connection, grid impedance variance will contaminate the voltage waveform by harmonics and augment the resonance, destabilizing the inverter operation. In this paper, complete mathematical modeling is carried out and state feedback-plus-integral control is implemented to support the stabilization of the system. The proposed controller is adopted to provide a smooth transient under sudden load change by controlling the injected grid current under different grid inductance values. Furthermore, the proposed control is used to reduce the order and size of the inverter output filter while maintaining system stability. The proposed control has been compared with the conventional proportional integral (PI) controller under different scenarios to validate its effectiveness and to strengthen its implementation as a simple controller for distributed generator applications.</p>

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Fuyun Wu ◽  
Zhuang Sun ◽  
Weiji Xu ◽  
Zhizhou Li ◽  
Jianguo Lyu

Under weak grid conditions, the variation of the grid impedance will affect the steady-state and dynamic performance of the LCL-filtered grid-connected inverter and even make the inverter unstable. To ensure the system stability and further improve the dynamic performance in a weak grid, a control parameter design method with multi-constrains considering the system bandwidth for the current controller and active damping is proposed in this paper. First, based on the current controller and active damping with only grid current feedback, the effects of control parameters and grid impedance on the LCL resonant suppression and the performance of the inverter are analyzed. Moreover, the parameter constraints of the controllers are derived considering the grid impedance, including stability, resonance suppression, and margin constraints. Furthermore, as the system bandwidth affects the dynamic performance of the inverter, combined with the obtained multi-constraints, the optimal control parameters are determined by achieving the maximum bandwidth of the system against the impedance variation. Compared with other two methods, when the proposed method is applied, the system can operate with a better dynamic and steady-state performance. Finally, experiments are performed on a 2 kW three-phase grid-connected inverter in the weak grid, which verify the effectiveness of the parameter design method proposed in this paper.

Shun Sang ◽  
Chen Zhang ◽  
Jianwen Zhang ◽  
Gang Shi ◽  
Fujin Deng

2021 ◽  
Vol 2136 (1) ◽  
pp. 012012
Shengqing Li ◽  
Xin Yao ◽  
Ziran Peng ◽  
Zhichao Shen

Abstract Photo-voltaic inverts usually use LCL filter for filtering, and LCL filter will bring resonance problems to the system. This paper focuses on invert-er side current feedback control (invert-er side current feedback, ICF). This paper proposes a method for suppressing resonance of photo-voltaic invert-er clusters based on capacitor voltage feed-forward. First, establish the ICF mathematical model based on HPF and CVF under the weak grid, qualitatively analyze the resonance mechanism of the cluster invert-er, then analyze the system control structure and stability according to the proposed method, and finally verify the effectiveness of the proposed method through simulation and experiment sexuality and correctness.

2021 ◽  
Zhengyu Wang ◽  
Zhixin Miao ◽  
Lingling Fan ◽  
Amirnaser Yazdani

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