home range
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Diversity ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 41
Astrid Olejarz ◽  
Jouni Aspi ◽  
Ilpo Kojola ◽  
Vesa Nivala ◽  
Alina K. Niskanen ◽  

Sociality in animal populations is a continuum, and interactions between conspecifics are meaningful for all vertebrates. Ignorance of social structures can lead to misunderstanding their ecology and, consequently, to unsuccessful species management. Here, we combined genetic and spatial data on radio-collared brown bears (Ursus arctos) to investigate kin-related home range overlap and kin-related centroid distance within central and eastern Finland. We found that the extent of home range overlap was positively correlated with relatedness among adult females. In addition, home range centroid distance decreased as relatedness increased. Moreover, there were significant differences between the two studied regions: female brown bears in central Finland were more closely related to each other, and the sizes of their home ranges were larger than those in eastern Finland. The smaller home ranges and lower degree of relatedness among bears in eastern Finland might be a result of the substantially higher hunting pressure in the area, combined with immigration of new unrelated individuals from Russia.

2022 ◽  
Xander Duffy ◽  
Jake Wellian ◽  
Rebecca L. Smith

Abstract As urbanisation continues to reduce the available habitat for wildlife some species, such as the black-and-gold howler monkey (Alouatta caraya) in Pilar, southwest Paraguay, are making their homes in anthropogenic environments. Understanding an animal's home range is an important first step to understanding its ecological needs, an essential requirement for robust conservation plans. In this study we determined the home ranges and core areas of five groups of urban dwelling A. caraya using Minimum Convex Polygon (MCP) and Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) Analysis. We used a Spearman’s Correlation to explore the relationship between home range size and group size. All five groups had home ranges of less than 10 ha and used core areas of less than 1ha. Group size had no significant relationship to home range size. We provide the first estimates of home range for A. caraya in an urban environment in Paraguay. Though the home ranges of the urban A. caraya in Pilar, Paraguay fall at the smaller end of the spectrum of range sizes in Alouatta they are not abnormal for a species in this genus.

2022 ◽  
Vol 196 ◽  
pp. 104648
C.P. Havemann ◽  
T.A. Retief ◽  
K. Collins ◽  
R.W.S. Fynn ◽  
C.A. Tosh ◽  

Waterbirds ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 44 (1) ◽  
Eun-Hong Lim ◽  
Man-Seok Shin ◽  
Hae-Jin Cho ◽  
In-Kyu Kim ◽  
Yong-Un Shin ◽  

Waterbirds ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 44 (2) ◽  
Amanda A. Haverland ◽  
M. Clay Green ◽  
Floyd Weckerly ◽  
Jennifer K. Wilson

2021 ◽  
Beatriz Lopes ◽  
John F McEvoy ◽  
Ronaldo Gonçalves Morato ◽  
Hermes R Luz ◽  
Francisco B Costa ◽  

Jeffrey Lewis ◽  
Patricia J. Happe ◽  
Kurt J. Jenkins ◽  
David J. Manson

Long distance, post-release movements of translocated wildlife can be a key factor limiting translocation success.  Yet, for many species, we have little or no understanding of factors that influence post-release movements.  Translocations have been important for recovering fisher Pekania pennanti populations across the southern portion of their North American range.  However, little is known about the post-release movements of translocated fishers and how these movements may be influenced by demographic or translocation-process factors.  To restore fishers in Washington State, we moved 90 fishers from central British Columbia and released them at nine sites in the Olympic Fisher Recovery Area on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington from 2008 to 2010. We evaluated post-release movements of 48 fishers to determine both the distance and duration of movements prior to home range establishment.  Fishers moved extensively following their release.  Multi-model selection indicated a high level of support for the hypothesis that post-release movements differed by fisher sex and age; whereas, year of release had no apparent effect on movements, and release date had only a marginal influence on male movements.  Mean distance (± 95% CI) from a release site to a home range was greater for adult males (62.0 ± 19.6 km) than for juvenile males (31.4 ± 16.0 km), adult females (30.9 ± 21.1 km), and juvenile females (29.0 ± 13.5 km).  Mean number of days from release until home range establishment was similar for the sexes, however the variance in movement duration was greater for females.  Twenty-six of 27 females established home ranges over an 11-month period (December-October), while 19 of 21 males did so within a 4-month period (April-July).  Mean home range sizes differed between males (128.3 ± 21.1 km2) and females (63.5 ± 9.0 km2) and were among the largest reported for the species.  A greater proportion of females (18 of 27; 67%) than males (8 of 21; 38%) established home ranges within or partially within the recovery area.  Six females left a previously established home range during the breeding season, presumably to find breeding males.  Given the large distances that fishers can move following release, translocation success could be furthered by releasing individuals at fewer sites in the interior of large reintroduction areas to facilitate greater exposure to a recovery area and greater opportunity to interact with conspecifics and potential mates.

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