Retinitis Pigmentosa
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Yuyu Li ◽  
Ruyi Li ◽  
Hehua Dai ◽  
Genlin Li

Abstract Background Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically heterogeneous disease with 89 causative genes identified to date. However, only approximately 60% of RP cases genetically solved to date, predicating that many novel disease-causing variants are yet to be identified. The purpose of this study is to identify novel variants in PDE6A and PDE6B genes and present its phenotypes in patients with retinitis pigmentosa in Chinese families. Methods Five retinitis pigmentosa patients with PDE6A variants and three with PDE6B variants were identified through a hereditary eye disease enrichment panel (HEDEP), all patients’ medical and ophthalmic histories were collected, and ophthalmological examinations were performed, followed by an analysis of the possible causative variants. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the variants. Results We identified 20 variants in eight patients: 16 of them were identified in either PDE6A or PDE6B in a compound heterozygous state. Additional four heterozygous variants were identified in the genes ADGRA3, CA4, OPTN, RHO. Two novel genetic changes in PDE6A were identified (c.1246G > A and c.1747 T > A), three novel genetic changes in PDE6B were identified (c.401 T > C, c.2293G > C and c.1610-1612del), out of the novel identified variants one was most probably non-pathogenic (c.2293G > C), all other novel variants are pathogenic. Additional variant was identified in CA4 and RHO, which can cause ADRP (c.243G > A, c.688G > A). In addition, a novel variant in ADGRA3 was identified (c.921-1G > A). Conclusions This study reveals novel and known variants in PDE6A and PDE6B genes in Chinese families with autosomal recessive RP, and expands the clinical and genetic findings of photoreceptor-specific enzyme deficiencies.

Xiaodong Jiao ◽  
Zhiwei Ma ◽  
Jingqi Lei ◽  
Pinghu Liu ◽  
Xiaoyu Cai ◽  

Purpose: We constructed and characterized knockout and conditional knockout mice for KCNJ13, encoding the inwardly rectifying K+ channel of the Kir superfamily Kir7.1, mutations in which cause both Snowflake Vitreoretinal Degeneration (SVD) and Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) to further elucidate the pathology of this disease and to develop a potential model system for gene therapy trials.Methods: A Kcnj13 knockout mouse line was constructed by inserting a gene trap cassette expressing beta-galactosidase flanked by FRT sites in intron 1 with LoxP sites flanking exon two and converted to a conditional knockout by FLP recombination followed by crossing with C57BL/6J mice having Cre driven by the VMD2 promoter. Lentiviral replacement of Kcnj13 was driven by the EF1a or VMD2 promoters.Results: Blue-Gal expression is evident in E12.5 brain ventricular choroid plexus, lens, neural retina layer, and anterior RPE. In the adult eye expression is seen in the ciliary body, RPE and choroid. Adult conditional Kcnj13 ko mice show loss of photoreceptors in the outer nuclear layer, inner nuclear layer thinning with loss of bipolar cells, and thinning and disruption of the outer plexiform layer, correlating with Cre expression in the overlying RPE which, although preserved, shows morphological disruption. Fundoscopy and OCT show signs of retinal degeneration consistent with the histology, and photopic and scotopic ERGs are decreased in amplitude or extinguished. Lentiviral based replacement of Kcnj13 resulted in increased ERG c- but not a- or b- wave amplitudes.Conclusion: Ocular KCNJ13 expression starts in the choroid, lens, ciliary body, and anterior retina, while later expression centers on the RPE with no/lower expression in the neuroretina. Although KCNJ13 expression is not required for survival of the RPE, it is necessary for RPE maintenance of the photoreceptors, and loss of the photoreceptor, outer plexiform, and outer nuclear layers occur in adult KCNJ13 cKO mice, concomitant with decreased amplitude and eventual extinguishing of the ERG and signs of retinitis pigmentosa on fundoscopy and OCT. Kcnj13 replacement resulting in recovery of the ERG c- but not a- and b-waves is consistent with the degree of photoreceptor degeneration seen on histology.

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Ramya Appanraj ◽  
George J Manayath ◽  
Shishir Verghese ◽  
Venkatapathy Narendran

Sedighe Hosseini Shabanan ◽  
Homa Seyedmirzaei ◽  
Alona Barnea ◽  
Sara Hanaei ◽  
Nima Rezaei

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Yang Yu ◽  
Licheng Li ◽  
Shu Lin ◽  
Jianmin Hu

AbstractAge-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, retinitis pigmentosa and other retinal disorders are the main causes of visual impairment worldwide. In the past, these retinal diseases, especially dry age-related macular degeneration, proliferative diabetic retinopathy and retinitis pigmentosa, were treated with traditional surgery and drugs. However, the effect was moderate. In recent years, researchers have used embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, olfactory ensheathing cells and other stem cells to conduct experiments and found that stem cells can inhibit inflammation, regulate immune response, secrete neurotrophic factors, and differentiate into retinal cells to replace and promote restoration of the damaged parts. These stem cells have the potential to treat retinal diseases. Whether it is in animal experiments or clinical trials, the increase in the number of retinal cells, maintenance of function and improvement of visual function all reflect the advanced of stem cells to treat retinal diseases, but its risk preserves the donor’s hidden pathogenic genes, immune rejection and tumorigenicity. With the development of exosomes study, researchers have discovered that exosomes come from a wide range of sources and can be secreted by almost all types of cells. Using exosomes with stem cell to treat retinal diseases is more effective than using stem cells alone. This review article summarizes the recent advances in the application of olfactory ensheathing cells and stem cells/exosomes in the treatment of retinal disorders.

2022 ◽  
Yi‐Dan Liu ◽  
Shu‐Shu Huang ◽  
Mei Li ◽  
Monkol Lek ◽  
Dan‐Yu Song ◽  

Sebastian Deutsch ◽  
Albrecht Lommatzsch ◽  
Silke Weinitz ◽  
Ghazaleh Farmand ◽  
Ulrich Kellner

Abstract Purpose To evaluate macular vascular abnormalities in patients with macular dystrophies (MD) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP) through application of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Methods In this retrospective study, patients with MD and RP were examined by OCT-A and compared to healthy individuals. OCT-A images were analyzed regarding the diameter and surface area of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) as well as flow (FL) in different retinal layers (superficial vascular complex (SVC), intermediate capillary complex (ICP), deep capillary complex (DCP), choriocapillaris (CC), and choroid (CD)). Results Twenty-one patients with MD, 21 patients with RP without macular edema (RPnE), 8 patients with RP with edema (RPwE), and 41 healthy individuals were enrolled. The group of MD and RPnE patients showed none or only minor changes in FAZ. In RPwE patients, the FAZ was significantly smaller in vertical and horizontal measurements and surface area in SVC, whereas it was markedly enlarged in ICP. FL was significantly reduced compared to healthy individuals by an average of 13.2% in CD, 14.2% in CC, and 8.4% in DCP in all patient groups. In ICP, the reduction was 9.2% for RPnE and 12.7% for RPwE patients. The SVC showed reduced FL in the MD (8.1%) and RPnE (10.3%) group. Conclusions OCT-A is a valuable tool to examine retinal vascular abnormalities in patients with MD and RP. OCT-A revealed a reduced flow in various retinal layers in MD, RPnE, and RPwE. Alterations of the FAZ were less distinct in these groups which add to the variation reported previously.

2022 ◽  
Vol 100 (S267) ◽  
Isabelle Audo ◽  
David G. Birch ◽  
K. Thiran Jayasundera ◽  
Isabelle Meunier ◽  
Rachel M. Huckfeldt ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 79 (1) ◽  
María Guadalupe Herrera-Hernández ◽  
Neda Razzaghi ◽  
Pol Fernandez-Gonzalez ◽  
Laia Bosch-Presegué ◽  
Guillem Vila-Julià ◽  

AbstractMutations in the photoreceptor protein rhodopsin are known as one of the leading causes of retinal degeneration in humans. Two rhodopsin mutations, Y102H and I307N, obtained in chemically mutagenized mice, are currently the subject of increased interest as relevant models for studying the process of retinal degeneration in humans. Here, we report on the biochemical and functional characterization of the structural and functional alterations of these two rhodopsin mutants and we compare them with the G90V mutant previously analyzed, as a basis for a better understanding of in vivo studies. This mechanistic knowledge is fundamental to use it for developing novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of inherited retinal degeneration in retinitis pigmentosa. We find that Y102H and I307N mutations affect the inactive–active equilibrium of the receptor. In this regard, the mutations reduce the stability of the inactive conformation but increase the stability of the active conformation. Furthermore, the initial rate of the functional activation of transducin, by the I307N mutant is reduced, but its kinetic profile shows an unusual increase with time suggesting a profound effect on the signal transduction process. This latter effect can be associated with a change in the flexibility of helix 7 and an indirect effect of the mutation on helix 8 and the C-terminal tail of rhodopsin, whose potential role in the functional activation of the receptor has been usually underestimated. In the case of the Y102H mutant, the observed changes can be associated with conformational alterations affecting the folding of the rhodopsin intradiscal domain, and its presumed involvement in the retinal binding process by the receptor.

Eye ◽  
2022 ◽  
Nicholas D. Nolan ◽  
Salvatore M. Caruso ◽  
Xuan Cui ◽  
Stephen H. Tsang

AbstractRetinitis pigmentosa is characterized by a dysregulation within the metabolic coupling of the retina, particularly between the glycolytic photoreceptors and the oxidative retina pigment epithelium. This phenomenon of metabolic uncoupling is seen in both aging and retinal degenerative diseases, as well as across a variety of cell types in human biology. Given its crucial role in the health and maintenance of these cell types, the metabolic pathways involved present a suitable area for therapeutic intervention. Herein, this review covers the scope of this delicate metabolic interplay, its dysregulation, how it relates to the retina as well other cell types, and finally concludes with a summary of various strategies aimed at reinstating normal metabolic coupling within the retina, and future directions within the field.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document