difficult tracheal intubation
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2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 51-57
Igor V. Molchanov ◽  
Nikolay E. Burov ◽  
Natalia N. Pulina ◽  
Oleg N. Cherkavsky

The description of intubation problem, its causes, possibilities and predictions is given. The estimation scale can be also seen in the article. As well as the actions of the doctor in case of the intubation and different technical processes for prevention of the fatal case.

Angela L. Gardner ◽  
Danielle Eusuf ◽  
Helen Kennedy ◽  
Bronagh Patterson ◽  
Victoria Scott-Warren ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
pp. 277-282
Venugopal Achuthan Nair ◽  
Brahmanandan Radhika Devi ◽  
Jagathnath Krishna Kumarapillai Mohanan Nair ◽  
Cherian Koshy Rachel ◽  
Munish Palliyalil Kakkolil

: Difficult tracheal intubation still contributes significantly to anaesthesia related morbidity and mortality. Poor visualisation of laryngeal structures and multiple attempts at intubation are the leading causes with the conventional laryngoscopes. Though the recently introduced video assisted devices have significantly improved the ease of intubation by their superior laryngeal visualisation, the duration of intubation may vary. Here we compared the ease of tracheal intubation using Macintosh conventional direct laryngoscope (DL) and C- MAC videolaryngoscope (VL) in patients with expected difficult tracheal intubation. A total of 140 patients undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia with Modified Mallampati Class 3 and 4 found during the preoperative airway assessment were equally recruited to either of the groups. We compared the duration of tracheal intubation, visualisation of the laryngeal inlet, additional optimising manoeuvres required, and number of attempts at intubation and incidence of oral trauma assessed at extubation between the two groups.: Analysis done using Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software; Windows version 11.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Intubation time was significantly longer in patients with VL than DL (P 0.0001) whereas visualisation of laryngeal inlet was significantly better with VL (P 0.001). Additional optimising manoeuvres (P 0.001) and incidence of oral trauma (P 0.012) were significantly less with VL whereas intubation attempts were found comparable (P 0.586).: Though VL provided significantly better laryngeal view with less need for optimising manoeuvres and less oral trauma compared to DL, the duration of intubation was significantly more with the former.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-4
Alba Piroli ◽  
Ida Marsili ◽  
Franco Marinangeli ◽  
Silvia Costanzi ◽  
Luca Gentili ◽  

Intubation with a flexible fibrobronchoscope in an awake patient is frequently considered the technique of choice in patients with predicted difficult intubation. There are, however, situations in which the use of the fibrobronchoscope is not applicable, particularly due to problems attributable to the patient or to limited use of the instrument. In such situations, the video laryngoscope can be a useful alternative, as long as it is associated with adequate sedation of the patient. In fact, it ensures excellent viewing of the glottis, allowing for successful orotracheal intubation to be performed even in case of difficult airways, while keeping the patient spontaneously breathing throughout the procedure. From the data present in the literature, this technique seems to ensure a success rate and a safety profile similar to those obtained with the fibrobronchoscope, moreover, with greater ease of use by the anaesthesiologist. The main purpose of this work is to provide a valid and safe alternative to intubation with a fibrobronchoscope while awake in those patients with anticipated difficult airway management and in whom, for different reasons, fibrobronchoscope cannot be used.

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