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2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ayhan Akpınar ◽  
Canberk Çetin ◽  
Muhammet Ali Tiltay

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to reveal the contributions of the Journal of Historical Research in Marketing (JHRM) to the academic body of knowledge. Pursuant to this objective, the study classifies the publications and citation structure of the JHRM, the nature of the publications’ authorship, the most cited articles and authors and the themes that have been covered from the first day until now (2009–2021). Design/methodology/approach This paper uses bibliometric methodologies to analyze several aspects of the JHRM. Findings The average number of citations per paper is 4.54. The number of articles studying marketing history/practice (163) and the history of thought (158) is almost equal, consistent with the journal’s primary orientation. Compared with other journals, it could be said that JHRM achieved close ranks, especially with those of other historical journals of similar age. The most prolific authors whose articles have been published in the JHRM are used in universities located in the USA. The JHRM is closely connected to top-tier journals in the field. Research limitations/implications This study is limited to one journal (JHRM) only. However, the authors assert that the articles analyzed are representative samples of the entire school of marketing history. Another important consideration is that the value of many critical studies in the social sciences cannot be determined using only bibliometric measurements. Originality/value This paper contributes to the marketing literature from several perspectives. First, evaluating the JHRM in terms of its unique standing shows the scope of the field of marketing history. Second, it serves as a guide for existing and future authors regarding the JHRM and the history of marketing. Third, the JHRM’s contributions provide insights into emerging trends and new opportunities for the entire marketing community.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4) ◽  
Author(s):  
Simon Lohse ◽  
Stefano Canali

AbstractIn this paper, we use the case of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe to address the question of what kind of knowledge we should incorporate into public health policy. We show that policy-making during the COVID-19 pandemic has been biomedicine-centric in that its evidential basis marginalised input from non-biomedical disciplines. We then argue that in particular the social sciences could contribute essential expertise and evidence to public health policy in times of biomedical emergencies and that we should thus strive for a tighter integration of the social sciences in future evidence-based policy-making. This demand faces challenges on different levels, which we identify and discuss as potential inhibitors for a more pluralistic evidential basis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (88) ◽  
pp. 92-96
Author(s):  
I. Čelpačenko ◽  
R. Stankevičiūtė ◽  
M. Malciūtė ◽  
R. Balnytė
Keyword(s):  

Įvadas. Pastaraisiais metais visame pasaulyje stebimas didėjantis išsėtinės sklerozės (IS) paplitimas. IS pasižymi heterogeniška klinika, taip pat IS būdingi simptomai gali pasireikšti sergant įvairiomis kitomis ligomis, kas neretai apsunkina IS diagnostiką. Vėlesnė ligos diagnozė yra siejama su didesne negalios rizika, todėl aiškus ankstyvos IS fenotipas galėtų padėti vykdyti sklandesnį ligos diagnozavimo procesą. Šio tyrimo tikslas buvo nustatyti ankstyvos IS klinikinius bruožus. Tiriamieji ir tyrimo metodai. Buvo atlikta retrospektyvinė duomenų analizė, tiriant pacientus, hospitalizuotus su šiomis TLK-10 (Tarptautinė ligų klasifikacija) diagnozėmis: G37.8 (kitos patikslintos demielinizuojančios nervų sistemos ligos) ir G37.9 (demielinizuojančios centrinės nervų sistemos ligos, nepatikslintos). Duomenys buvo rinkti nuo 2015 m. sausio 1 d. iki 2020 m. sausio 1 d., įtraukiant lytį, amžių, nusiskundimus, neurologinio ištyrimo duomenis, su IS susijusius rizikos veiksnius ir galutinę diagnozę. Statistinė analizė atlikta naudojant SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) 24.0 versiją. Chi kvadrato testas naudotas kategoriniams kintamiesiems palyginti, asociacija tarp dviejų kiekybinių kintamųjų apskaičiuota naudojant Spirmeno koreliacijos koeficientą. Dviejų grupių palyginimams naudota Mano-Vitnio U testas bei nepriklausomų imčių t-testas. Rezultatai laikomi statistiškai reikšmingais, kai p < 0,05. Rezultatai. Į tyrimą buvo įtraukti 138 pacientai: 92 (64,5 %) moterys ir 46 (35,5 %) vyrai. Pagal amžių pacientai suskirstyti į grupes: 28 (20,3 %) pacientai 18-30 metų amžiaus (vid. 24,89 ± 3,725), 58 (42,0 %) – 31-50 metų amžiaus (vid. 40,43 ± 6,093), 52 (37,7 %) – 50 metų ir vyresni (vid. 57,83 ± 5,498). 49 (35,5 %) pacientams buvo nustatyta IS, 89 (64,5 %) – kitokios diagnozės. Konvertavusiems į IS (n = 20) dažniau pasireiškė sutrikę gilieji jutimai nei nekonvertavusiems pacientams (n = 16), (χ2 = 9,033, p = 0,003). Daugiau statistiškai reikšmingų skirtumų tarp grupių nebuvo nustatyta. Tarp pacientų, kuriems nustatyta IS, moterims (n = 10) dažniau buvo nustatytas patologinis Rosolimo refleksas, lyginant su vyrais (n = 2), (χ2 = 4,451, p = 0,035). Vyresniems nei 50 metų IS pacientams nustatyta daugiau simptomų nei jaunesniems pacientams (U = 10,519, p = 0,005). Dažniau buvo nustatyta nusilpusi raumenų jėga (χ2 = 13,481, p = 0,001, n = 14), patologinis Babinskio refleksas (χ2 = 6,993, p = 0,03, n = 13), ataksija (χ2 = 8,135, p = 0,017, n = 13), sutrikę gilieji jutimai (χ2 = 7,918, p = 0,019, n = 12), lyginant su jaunesniais į IS konvertavusiais pacientais. Išvados. Giliųjų jutimų sutrikimas yra labiau paplitęs tarp pacientų, kuriems buvo nustatyta IS. Patologinis Rosolimo refleksas yra dažnesnis tarp į IS konvertavusių moterų nei tarp vyrų, o vyresni nei 50 metų IS sirgę pacientai turėjo daugiau simptomų, tarp kurių buvo patologinis Babinskio refleksas, nusilpusi raumenų jėga, ataksija ir sutrikę gilieji jutimai.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Hilde Heynen

Making Home(s) in Displacement critically rethinks the relationship between home and displacement from a spatial, material, and architectural perspective. Recent scholarship in the social sciences has investigated how migrants and refugees create and reproduce home under new conditions, thereby unpacking the seemingly contradictory positions of making a home and overcoming its loss. Yet, making home(s) in displacement is also a spatial practice, one which intrinsically relates to the fabrication of the built environment worldwide. Conceptually the book is divided along four spatial sites, referred to as camp, shelter, city, and house, which are approached with a multitude of perspectives ranging from urban planning and architecture to anthropology, geography, philosophy, gender studies, and urban history, all with a common focus on space and spatiality. By articulating everyday homemaking experiences of migrants and refugees as spatial practices in a variety of geopolitical and historical contexts, this edited volume adds a novel perspective to the existing interdisciplinary scholarship at the intersection of home and displacement. It equally intends to broaden the canon of architectural histories and theories by including migrants' and refugees' spatial agencies and place-making practices to its annals. By highlighting the political in the spatial, and vice versa, this volume sets out to decentralise and decolonise current definitions of home and displacement, striving for a more pluralistic outlook on the idea of home.


Author(s):  
V. P. Zakharov

The monograph is devoted to the descriptive analysis of the translation of scientific texts from Russian into Chinese based on corpus linguistics methods. The norms of translation, the issues of specificity and universality, as well as the influence of the characteristics of the source text on the translation text are discussed, in other words, the set of factors that influence the translation is investigated.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Lucien Maman ◽  
Laurence Likforman-Sulem ◽  
Mohamed Chetouani ◽  
Giovanna Varni
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (13) ◽  
pp. e331101321202
Author(s):  
Gabriella Pires de Gusmão ◽  
Débora Thaynnar de Brito Lima ◽  
Maria Luiza Pires de Gusmão ◽  
Bianca Oliveira Torres ◽  
Mara Ilka Holanda de Medeiros Batista ◽  
...  
Keyword(s):  

Este trabalho objetivou avaliar a condição de saúde bucal de crianças e adolescentes, verificando a prevalência de cárie dentária de acordo com sexo e idade nos estudantes de uma escola de ensino fundamental em João Pessoa-PB, utilizando os índices CPO-D e CEO-d. Tratou-se de uma pesquisa epidemiológica, descritiva, embasada em um estudo bibliográfico e pode ser caracterizada como observacional de natureza transversal, através da técnica direta intensiva, com abordagem quantitativa. Dos 412 alunos, a amostra totalizou 52 crianças entre 5 e 12 anos, sendo 31 do sexo feminino (59,6%) e 21 do sexo masculino (40,4%). O instrumento para coleta de dados foi uma ficha de avaliação com data do exame, idade e sexo do participante, bem como um modelo para preenchimento do odontograma. Os dados coletados foram armazenados na forma de banco de dados do programa StatisticalPackage for Social Sciences (SPSS) para Windows, versão 20.0 e analisados por meio de estatística descritiva. De acordo com os resultados, foi observado que os escolares avaliados possuem baixa prevalência de cárie dentária tanto na dentição decídua com valor médio de CEO-D de 0,84, quanto na dentição permanente com média de CPO-D de 1,04, satisfatório em relação à média nacional. Foi concluída a importância da implantação e continuidade de programas de educação, prevenção e promoção de saúde bucal voltados para esta população e evidenciada a necessidade de maior atenção odontológica, principalmente na dentição decídua.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Muhammad Aamir ◽  
Muddassar Sarfraz ◽  
Kausar Fiaz Khawaja ◽  
Habiba Usman ◽  
Zhihua Hu

This study investigates the influence of rational and experiential cognitive styles on entrepreneurial behavior. Specifically, the moderating role of entrepreneurial intention and informal learning has been contemplated. Data has been accumulated from 320 undergraduate students of universities situated in Pakistan. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and AMOS have been executed to examine the data and conduct statistical techniques. After confirming the validity and reliability of data and scale, results have signified that both cognitive styles significantly positively impact entrepreneurial behavior. Moreover, informal learning moderates the relationship between entrepreneurial intention and cognitive styles (rational and experiential). Meanwhile, entrepreneurial intention mediates the relationship between cognitive styles (rational and experiential) and entrepreneurial behavior emphatically.


Problemos ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 100 ◽  
pp. 87-99
Author(s):  
Juozas Kasputis

The practice of social studies continues to be a complicated scientific endeavor. From an epistemological point of view, the social sciences, unlike the natural sciences, do not conform to the predominant definition of science. The existing differences among expositions of “science,” “inquiry,” and “studies” lie with the contested role of the intellectual who is embarked on understanding the social realm. The “maturity” of the social sciences is usually discussed in the context of objectivity and rationality. But continuing epistemological debates would be insufficient without reference to the scholar as a human studying humans. The philosophy of science has focused mainly on the procedures of knowledge accumulation, neglecting social context and its implications for inquiry. To address this neglect, this essay sets out first to retrace doubts about the role of the scholar that emerged with the institutionalization of the social sciences at the outset of the twentieth century and then to rethink these issues in terms of recent scientific developments. What surfaces is a new, participatory role for scholars that demands responsible contextualization and a broader conception of causal stories.


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