social sciences
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 16 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-38
Gabriel Magno ◽  
Virgilio Almeida

As the Internet grows in number of users and in the diversity of services, it becomes more influential on peoples lives. It has the potential of constructing or modifying the opinion, the mental perception, and the values of individuals. What is being created and published online is a reflection of people’s values and beliefs. As a global platform, the Internet is a great source of information for researching the online culture of many different countries. In this work we develop a methodology for measuring data from textual online sources using word embedding models, to create a country-based online human values index that captures cultural traits and values worldwide. Our methodology is applied with a dataset of 1.7 billion tweets, and then we identify their location among 59 countries. We create a list of 22 Online Values Inquiries (OVI) , each one capturing different questions from the World Values Survey, related to several values such as religion, science, and abortion. We observe that our methodology is indeed capable of capturing human values online for different counties and different topics. We also show that some online values are highly correlated (up to c = 0.69, p < 0.05) with the corresponding offline values, especially religion-related ones. Our method is generic, and we believe it is useful for social sciences specialists, such as demographers and sociologists, that can use their domain knowledge and expertise to create their own Online Values Inquiries, allowing them to analyze human values in the online environment.

2022 ◽  
Hilde Heynen

Making Home(s) in Displacement critically rethinks the relationship between home and displacement from a spatial, material, and architectural perspective. Recent scholarship in the social sciences has investigated how migrants and refugees create and reproduce home under new conditions, thereby unpacking the seemingly contradictory positions of making a home and overcoming its loss. Yet, making home(s) in displacement is also a spatial practice, one which intrinsically relates to the fabrication of the built environment worldwide. Conceptually the book is divided along four spatial sites, referred to as camp, shelter, city, and house, which are approached with a multitude of perspectives ranging from urban planning and architecture to anthropology, geography, philosophy, gender studies, and urban history, all with a common focus on space and spatiality. By articulating everyday homemaking experiences of migrants and refugees as spatial practices in a variety of geopolitical and historical contexts, this edited volume adds a novel perspective to the existing interdisciplinary scholarship at the intersection of home and displacement. It equally intends to broaden the canon of architectural histories and theories by including migrants' and refugees' spatial agencies and place-making practices to its annals. By highlighting the political in the spatial, and vice versa, this volume sets out to decentralise and decolonise current definitions of home and displacement, striving for a more pluralistic outlook on the idea of home.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
صالح ، هدى دياب أحمد

emphasization and authentication of the application of the values and criteria of the companies which were set in order to check their financial and administrative performance after the great collapse of the American companies.   There must be moral guidance built on religious teachings which the research has identified in five values (honesty, transparency, justice and equality, truthfulness, and responsibility) which were advocated by Islam 14centuries ago.   The hypotheses of the research were tested with Chi Sqtiare' using the statistical package for Social Sciences(SPSS),the stratified random sample consists of directors of administration, accountants, directors of financial departments, and those with good experience and specialization in the financial and administrative field.   The study concludes that the companies would not perform correctly except-when they abide by religious values to govern their activities.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 49
Elvira G. Rincon-Flores ◽  
Juanjo Mena ◽  
Eunice López-Camacho

Gamification is usually understood as a pedagogical strategy that favors student engagement and motivation. Traditionally it is composed of dynamics, mechanics, and components. The purpose of this study was to compare Engineering and Economics and Social Sciences undergraduate students in their performance (grades), motivation, quality of assignments, participation, and emotion when their teachers used gamification as an innovative teaching method during the COVID-19 pandemic. Pearson correlations, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and Mann–Whitney test were conducted. Additionally, four students were interviewed to describe the emotional downside of the lockdown. The main results indicate that there are higher positive relationships among variables in the Engineering undergraduate students rather than in Economics and Social Sciences and show that emotion poorly correlates with performance, especially for the Economics and Social Sciences students, as many have a negative attitude toward learning mathematics. Additionally, gender and scholarship status are not differential factors. Gamification proved to be a useful pedagogical strategy to promote participation and enhance motivation among undergraduate students, particularly in a context of academic confinement. This study gives teachers an idea of the benefits and extent to which gamification can be used in the classroom.

2022 ◽  
Hadi Akbar Dahlan

[The article is written in Bahasa Malaysia] Reading habits are often associated with an increased cognitive level. However, book genre can also affect the cognitive level. This is because different book genres can be attributed to different type of knowledge and tendency towards a specific book genre can be viewed as a preference toward a specific type of knowledge. Research on Malaysian’s interest and the tendency towards book genre and type of knowledge can be investigated using the publication data of each book genre and its prices. The objective of this research is to analyze and compare the book publications and the average price of each book’s genre in Malaysia with Japan. Comparison was done based on book categorization genre strategy to 12 book genre. Based on Monte Carlo simulation method data, Malaysians are attracted to book genre on Language, literature, and science. While the Japanese are more interested in the book genre of social sciences and hobbies/art. The similarity between Malaysian and Japanese are that both societies also favors book genre of literature. However, it is possible that the themes of literary genre in Japan and Malaysia are very different. The result of this study can be used to identify the differences between Malaysian and Japanese reading habits as well as used for formulating strategies to changed Malaysian reading habits toward the style of Japanese reading habits.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. e47811125215
Janayna Arruda Barroso ◽  
Alexandre Wállace Ramos Pereira ◽  
Renato Emanuel Gomes da Silva ◽  
Luís Paulo Bresciani ◽  
Leandro Campi Prearo

Este artigo avalia as correlações existentes ou inexistentes entre os gastos públicos das funções de governo (Educação, Saúde e Trabalho) de cidades paulistas e os resultados do Índice FIRJAN de Desenvolvimento Municipal (IFDM), utilizando a técnica estatística de análise descriminante, a fim de verificar a influência das variáveis numéricas (despesas públicas) sobre uma variável categorizada (IFDM Geral), envolvendo testes estatísticos, por meio do software SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). Essencialmente, consistiu em coletar informações no banco de dados das Finanças dos Municípios do Brasil (FINBRA) a respeito dos gastos públicos realizados nos períodos de 2013 a 2016(últimos dados divulgados no FINBRA) em607 municípios pesquisados nas três funções de governo mencionadas. Adicionalmente, foram coletadas informações sobre a população de cada localidade junto ao Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), bem como os resultados do IFDM de cada município, também nos anos especificados acima, na base de dados da Federação das Indústrias do Rio de Janeiro (FIRJAN). Os resultados apontaram a inexistência de correlação entre os gastos das funções de governo Educação e Saúde e o IFDM, sendo somente a variável Despesa – Educação significante para o modelo, ou seja, somente ela possui impacto na classificação. Sugere-se para pesquisas futuras que seja realizado uma análise discriminante do IFDM, separando os índices por suas dimensões, relacionando-se com as funções de governo em separado.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 42-43
Wendy A. Stewart ◽  
Mark Gilbert

It has been said that a picture says a thousand words, that art should speak for itself. Within the social sciences, there is recognition that images are not merely illustrations, but “texts” that can be read, studied and interpreted in different ways: they are visual narratives. When we look at a work of art, we respond with our own thoughts, feelings and ideas about what it communicates. When we look at a portrait specifically, we are not just looking at a picture of an individual, we are looking at a picture of someone being looked at. It is a visual record of an interaction, as much as a likeness of the person. The artist-sitter relationship has much in common with the doctor patient relationship involving trust, attention, and an openness to ambiguity and creativity. As clinicians that are tired and feeling overwhelmed, we may objectify patients. Engaging with art can help hone our skills to consistently see the whole person. It provides freedom to sit with ambiguity and maintain curiosity and can help us become more flexible in our thinking, to hold multiple possibilities in mind at the same time. Viewing art in a group provides opportunities to understand and appreciate others’ perspectives. Drawing on multiple portraiture projects related to pediatric epilepsy, youth mental health and dementia, this presentation will provide constructive ways in which portraiture can be used to foster humanistic, patient centred care, and to understand the power of distributed cognition.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document