Heart Disease
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2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (9) ◽  
pp. 438-445
Author(s):  
Marianna Mazza ◽  
Giuseppe Marano ◽  
Angela Gonsalez del Castillo ◽  
Daniela Chieffo ◽  
Gabriella Albano ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Alexander F. Roehrkasse

This study uses demographic methods to describe ethnoracial and educational inequality in the cumulative risk of homicide death and life lost to violence in the United States. If age-specific homicides rates were to continue at 2018–2019 levels, more than 1 in 19 Black males without a high school diploma would die by homicide. In contrast, 1 in 152 White males without a high school diploma and 1 in 233 Black males with a bachelor's degree would be violently killed. Among Black males without a high school diploma, homicide led to a decrease in life expectancy at ages 15–19 of more than two years. The impact of U.S. violence on the life expectancy of socially marginalized people exceeds the population impact of all causes of death except heart disease and cancer.


BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Marie Jakobsen ◽  
Christophe Kolodziejczyk ◽  
Morten Sall Jensen ◽  
Peter Bo Poulsen ◽  
Humma Khan ◽  
...  

Abstract Background There is increasing concern about cardiovascular disease (CVD) after breast cancer (BC). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of different types of CVD in women diagnosed with BC compared to cancer-free controls as well as the incidence of CVD after BC diagnosis. Methods We performed a cohort study based on data from national registries covering the entire Danish population. We followed 16,505 cancer-naïve BC patients diagnosed from 2003 to 2007 5 years before and up to 10 years after BC diagnosis compared to 165,042 cancer-free controls. Results We found that 15.6% of BC patients were registered with at least one CVD diagnosis in hospital records before BC diagnosis. Overall, BC patients and controls were similar with regard to CVD comorbidity before BC diagnosis. After BC diagnosis, the incidence of all CVD diagnoses combined was significantly higher in BC patients than controls up to approximately 6 years after the index date (BC diagnosis). After 10 years, 28% of both BC patients and controls (without any CVD diagnosis up to 5 years before the index date) had at least one CVD diagnosis according to hospital records. However, the incidence of heart failure, thrombophlebitis/thrombosis and pulmonary heart disease including pulmonary embolism remained higher in BC patients than controls during the entire 10-year follow-up period. After 10 years, 2.7% of BC patients compared to 2.5% of controls were diagnosed with heart failure, 2.7% of BC patients compared to 1.5% of controls were diagnosed with thrombophlebitis/thrombosis, and 1.5% of BC patients compared to 1.0% of controls were diagnosed with pulmonary heart disease according to hospital records. Furthermore, we found that the risk of heart failure and thrombophlebitis/thrombosis was higher after chemotherapy. Conclusions Focus on CVD in BC patients is important to ensure optimum treatment with regard to BC as well as possible CVD. Strategies to minimise and manage the increased risk of heart failure, thrombophlebitis/thrombosis and pulmonary heart disease including pulmonary embolism in BC patients are especially important.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Author(s):  
Xianwen Tang ◽  
Jinguo Yang ◽  
Zhong Feng ◽  
Jingyu Piao ◽  
Quanhao Yan ◽  
...  

Angina pectoris (AP) with coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the common cardiovascular diseases in clinical practice, which can be classified as “chest paralysis” in Chinese medicine according to its symptoms, and it is described in many ancient documents. Ancient Chinese medicine believes that the main pathogenesis of the disease is poor blood flow leading to paralysis of the heart and veins, so it is often treated by activating blood and removing blood stasis. In this study, 120 patients with AP of CHD of Qi stagnation and blood stasis type were randomly divided into the observation (n = 60) and the control group (n = 60). In the control group, basic care, conventional treatment, and unselected copper acupuncture scraping were used, while in the observation group, copper acupuncture scraping was performed at the right time of the heart meridian (11 : 00–13 : 00) on the basis of the control group, and all patients received the treatment for a total duration of 4 weeks. We collected data on the traditional Chinese medical (TCM) syndrome score, frequency and duration of angina attacks, nitroglycerin dosage, inflammatory factor levels, and hematological indices pretreatment and posttreatment in both groups. Patients’ adverse effects during treatment were recorded, and the clinical efficacy and ECG efficacy in both groups were evaluated after 4 weeks. We used SPSS.20 statistical software to statistically analyze the above data, and the results showed that the clinical efficacy and ECG efficacy of the observation group were significantly higher than the control group posttreatment. After treatment, the TCM symptom score, angina attack frequency, attack duration and nitroglycerin dosage, serum interleukin-8 (IL-8), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels, whole blood viscosity (WBV), plasma viscosity (PV), fibrinogen (FIB), and hematocrit (Hct) were significantly lower in both groups compared with those posttreatment. And the observation group showed a greater decrease when compared with the control group. The results also showed that the overall incidence of adverse reactions was lower in both groups during the treatment period. The above results indicate that while ensuring high safety, the copper stone based on theory of midnight-noon ebb-flow can more effectively improve the symptoms and inflammatory response of the body and reduce the viscosity of the blood in AP with CHD of Qi stagnation and blood stasis, and it has better therapeutic effects.


2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Athanasios Samaras ◽  
Eleni Vrana ◽  
Anastasios Kartas ◽  
Dimitrios V. Moysidis ◽  
Andreas S. Papazoglou ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Valvular heart disease (VHD) in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) is a puzzling clinical entity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic effect of significant VHD (sVHD) among patients with non-valvular AF. Methods This is a post-hoc analysis of the MISOAC-AF trial (NCT02941978). Consecutive inpatients with non-valvular AF who underwent echocardiography were included. sVHD was defined as the presence of at least moderate aortic stenosis (AS) or aortic/mitral/tricuspid regurgitation (AR/MR/TR). Cox regression analyses with covariate adjustments were used for outcome prediction. Results In total, 983 patients with non-valvular AF (median age 76 [14] years) were analyzed over a median follow-up period of 32 [20] months. sVHD was diagnosed in 575 (58.5%) AF patients. sVHD was associated with all-cause mortality (21.6%/yr vs. 6.5%/yr; adjusted HR [aHR] 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17–2.06; p = 0.02), cardiovascular mortality (16%/yr vs. 4%/yr; aHR 1.70, 95% CI 1.09–2.66; p = 0.02) and heart failure-hospitalization (5.8%/yr vs. 1.8%/yr; aHR 2.53, 95% CI 1.35–4.63; p = 0.02). The prognostic effect of sVHD was particularly evident in patients aged < 80 years and in those without history of heart failure (p for interaction < 0.05, in both subgroups). After multivariable adjustment, moderate/severe AS and TR were associated with mortality, while AS and MR with heart failure-hospitalization. Conclusion Among patients with non-valvular AF, sVHD was highly prevalent and beared high prognostic value across a wide spectrum of clinical outcomes, especially in patients aged < 80 years or in the absence of heart failure. Predominantly AS, as well as MR and TR, were associated with worse prognosis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 34 (4) ◽  
pp. 420-429
Author(s):  
Jenna L. Shackleford ◽  
Regena Spratling ◽  
Susan J. Kelley

The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual-theoretical-empirical model addressing variables associated with self-management of care and adherence to treatment and its relationship to health-related quality of life for adolescents with congenital heart disease. There is limited research on adolescents with congenital heart disease regarding the relationship between autonomy, relatedness, competence, self-management of care and adherence to treatment, and health-related quality of life. The proposed Health-Related Quality of Life and Transition of Adolescents With Congenital Heart Disease to Self-Manage in Adulthood model, adapted from the Self-Determination Theory, will help to better understand these relationships.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (5) ◽  
pp. e210135
Author(s):  
Jürgen Beuther ◽  
Felipe Silva Rigaud de Amorim ◽  
Max Walter Reyes Barrenechea ◽  
Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Steven Sinfield ◽  
Sachini Ranasinghe ◽  
Stephani Wang ◽  
Fernando Mendoza ◽  
Ali Khoynezhad

Abstract BackGround Shone’s complex is a rare congenital heart disease consisting of a variety of left ventricular inflow and outflow tract lesions. Patients typically present in childhood and require early surgical intervention. However, with improved surgical techniques these patients are surviving later into adulthood which comes with a new set of medical complications providers need to be aware of. Case Presentation We present a case of a patient with a complex cardiac history including an incomplete Shone’s complex diagnosed in childhood with multiple surgical interventions who presents with persistent symptomatic atrial flutter and a type A aortic dissection in the setting of severe patient prosthesis mismatch. The patient was being followed outpatient for an enlarging chronic aortic aneurysm and was non-compliant with his medications when he presented with sharp chest pain radiating to his back. He was found to have an acute type A aortic dissection and was taken emergently to the operating room for a skirted Bentall procedure, aortic valve replacement, and right sided MAZE. Conclusions Shone’s complex is a rare congenital heart disease associated with significant morbidities in adulthood, such as atrial flutter, patient prosthesis mismatch, and aortic dissection. As patients continue to live longer into adulthood with this disease, it is important to raise awareness of this rare syndrome for providers and highlight its potential complications. Further research is needed to determine appropriate guidelines for when to intervene on aortopathy-associated CHD.


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