Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
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2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (18) ◽  
pp. 4146
Olivia Jo ◽  
Paul Borbas ◽  
Florian Grubhofer ◽  
Eugene T. Ek ◽  
Christopher Pullen ◽  

Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is increasingly used for the treatment of complex proximal humerus fractures and fracture sequelae. In 2021, half a dozen models of fracture stems are commercially available, reflecting its growing utility for fracture management. Prosthesis designs, bone grafting and tuberosity fixation techniques have evolved to allow better and more reliable fixation of tuberosities and bony ingrowth. Patients with anatomical tuberosity healing not only have an increased range of active anterior elevation and external rotation, but also experience fewer complications and longer prosthesis survival. This review provides an overview of recent evidence on basic and fracture-specific RTSA design features as well as tuberosity fixation techniques that can influence tuberosity healing.

2021 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Jacob T. Hartline ◽  
Clay G. Nelson ◽  
Ryan B. Eads ◽  
Richard A. Smith ◽  
Frederick M. Azar ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 24 (3) ◽  
pp. 125-134
Kirtan Tankshali ◽  
Dong-Whan Suh ◽  
Jong-Hun Ji ◽  
Chang-Yeon Kim

Background: To evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes of bony increased offset-reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (BIO-RSA) in the Asian population at mid-term follow-up.Methods: From June 2012 to August 2017 at a single center, 43 patients underwent BIO-RSA, and 38 patients with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up were enrolled. We evaluated the preoperative and postoperative clinical outcomes, radiological outcomes (notching and loosening), and complications of BIO-RSA at the last follow-up. In addition, we divided these patients into notching and not-notching groups and compared the demographics, preoperative, and postoperative characteristics of patients between the two groups.Results: Visual analog scale, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, University of California-Los Angeles, and Simple Shoulder Test scores improved significantly from preoperative (average: 5, 39.43, 16.22, 3.94) to postoperative (average: 1.71, 78.91, 28.34, 7.8; p<0.05) outcomes. All range of motion except internal rotation improved significantly at the final follow-up (p<0.05), and the bone graft was well-incorporated with the native glenoid in all patients (100%). However, scapular notching was observed in 20/38 patients (53%). In the comparison between notching and not-notching groups (18 vs. 20 patients), there were no significant differences in demographics, radiological parameters, and clinical outcomes except acromion-greater tuberosity (AT) distance (p=0.003). Intraoperative complications were three metaphyseal fractures and one inferior screw malposition. Postoperative complications included one heterotopic ossification, one scapula neck stress fracture, one humeral stem loosening, and one late infection.Conclusions: BIO-RSA resulted in improved clinical outcomes at mid-term follow-up in the Asian population. Although better cosmesis and advantages of glenoid lateralization were observed, we observed higher rates of scapular notching compared to previously reported rates in BIO-RSA studies. In addition, adequate glenoid lateralization with appropriate humeral lengthening (AT distance) might reduce scapular notching.

Arthroplasty ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
Klaus Hanisch ◽  
Michael Boelstoft Holte ◽  
Inge Hvass ◽  
Niels Wedderkopp

Abstract Background Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty was originally designed for older patients with rotator cuff arthropathy and produces good results. The main objective of this retrospective study was to compare the patients younger than 65 years vs. the older patients in terms of the complications of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty and the functional recovery. Methods From January 2014 to January 2020, 566 patients who underwent the reverse total shoulder arthroplasty were divided into two groups (group A, ≥ 65 years, n = 506; group B, < 65 years, n = 60). The patients reported the quality of life using the patient-reported Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder index. The Constant score was obtained preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. The complications and reoperations were compared. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results Clinically relevant improvements were found in group A and B. There was a multivariate statistically-significant but not clinically relevant difference in the change over time between group A and B. The mean 12-month Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder indexes were 58 in group B and 71 in group A. The mean Constant scores were 44 in group B vs. 43 in group A. Compared to group A, group B had a non-significant odds ratio of 1.9, which did not reach the clinically relevant Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder index of group A. Conclusion In patients younger than 65 years of age, RTSA seems to be a safe procedure in short term follow-up. After 1 year, we found no increased risk of complications, revision, or inferior outcomes compared to patients older than 65 years of age. Consequently, after one-year, RTSA provided clinically relevant improvements in the patients’ quality of life and shoulder strength regardless of age.

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