production waste
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2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (6) ◽  
pp. 83-96
Dmytro Yelatonsev ◽  
Anatoliy Mukhachev ◽  
Olena Ivanyuk

Introduction. Eco-friendly disposal of food waste, in particular, nutshells and fruit kernels, is an important issue to ensure sustainable nature management. These secondary raw materials are the source of valuable polymeric materials, cellulose and lignin.Problem Statement. IGiven the capacity of the food industry in Ukraine and the amount of waste produced, the development of technologies for processing lignin-cellulose biomass is an important research and practical issue.Purpose. The purpose of this research is to study the adsorption properties of chemically modified biosorbent based on plant materials concerning synthetic dyes of different types and classes; to assess the feasibility of biosorbent production and efficiency of its application in water treatment.Materials and Methods. Lignocellulose sorbent (LCS) has been synthesized from non-wood raw materials by chemical modification with the use of phosphoric acid with the addition of urea in an aqueous media. The Fourier transform infrared and standard methods of plant raw material analysis have been used to determine the physicochemical characteristics of LCS. The adsorption of anionic (methyl orange, alizarin red S, eosin Y), cationic (methylene blue, neutral red), and nonionic (aniline yellow) dyes on LCS from aqueous solution has been studied in the batch mode.Results. The adsorption capacity of LCS towards cationic dyes (47.0–53.3 mg/g) is higher than that of anionic (22.2–36.9 mg/g) and nonionic (4.7 mg/g) ones. The adsorption kinetics have been adequately described by a pseudo-second-order equation. Adsorption of all classes of dyes on LCS is thermodynamically feasible, spontaneous, and endothermic process. The liquid by-product of LCS production contains 15% nitrogen and 10% phosphorus, so it may be used as a fertilizer. Conclusions. The proposed method for processing food waste provides obtaining effective sorbent and liquid NP-fertilizer. LCS removes both cationic and anionic pollutants from water, so it may be considered a promisingbiosorbent for water purification.

Mechanika ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (6) ◽  
pp. 513-520
Paweł LONKWIC ◽  
Ireneusz USYDUS ◽  
Arkadiusz TOFIL ◽  
Tomasz KRAKOWSKI ◽  
Hubert RUTA ◽  

The optimization of production processes in companies comes down to two main measures influencing the economic factor. The first one is the reduction of interval micro-periods between operations, and the second is to use post-production waste as much as possible. These treatments apply to virtually all industries regardless of the final product effect. This article describes the application of a special welding device for welding the workpiece with a bush type, designed for fixing the plate in the plate gun. As a result of its application, a significant reduction of time needed to produce one bush has been achieved, and thus the amount of time in a unit of time has been increased. As part of the implementation work, the bush design changes were also made, which made it possible to reduce post-production waste not suitable for current production, but allowing its use for other purposes. The results of the work were implemented in the company producing agricultural machinery in Lublin.

2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (12) ◽  
pp. 48-53
S.A. Krasilnikova ◽  
S.М. Blinov ◽  
P.А. Krasilnikov ◽  
P.А. Belkin

The experience of Russian and foreign scientists on the use of soda waste has been summarized and analysed. A list has been presented of the major industrial enterprises involved in the production of soda salt both in Russia and abroad. Gaps in the use of existing soda technology solutions have been addressed. The main focus is on the existing and scientifically sound methods of recycling the wastes formed and the secondary uses of still waste liquid.

2021 ◽  
Vol 92 (11-5) ◽  
Victoria Tsypkina ◽  
Vera Ivanova ◽  
Dilshod Isamukhamedov ◽  
Rano Atamukhamedova ◽  
Yorkinjon Zaitov

2021 ◽  
Vsevolod Mymrin ◽  
Ana Povaluk ◽  
Luana Cechin ◽  
Monica A. Avanci ◽  
Cleber L. Pedroso ◽  

Abstract To prevent environment pollution by hazardous industrial dumps of iron ore treatment sludge, concrete production/demolition debris and lime production waste sustainable cement-less construction materials were developed for substitution of traditional natural raw components excavated in careers, irreversibly destroying natural bonds. Their ​​ axial resistance values on the 3rd day of hydration were till 2.34 MPa, on the 28th day - up to 3.94 MPa, on the 180th day 8.40 MPa and on the 365th day 10.22 MPa. The expanding coefficient on the 3rd day were till 2.13%, 2.51% on the 28th day, and on the 365th day 2.22%. Water absorption on the 28th day was 7.17 - 9.32% and decreases to 6.26 - 8.64% on the 90th day. All these characteristics correspond to the Brazilian norms. The physical - chemical processes of materials’ structures formation included alkaline dissociation of solid particles’ surface, with sol appearing and densification till transition to gel. Long-lasting gel compaction and densification to stone-like condition made its structure similar to natural rock materials - silica, opal, obsidian, perlite, pumice, amber, flask, etc. They can be used for production of road bases, concrete blocks and solid unburned bricks, among other sustainable construction materials.

2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (10) ◽  
pp. 219-224
Warangkana KHANGWICHIAN ◽  
Rattanaporn LEESING ◽  
Andrew J. HUNT ◽  

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