Masthead: Macromol. Chem. Phys. 1/2022

2022 ◽  
Vol 223 (1) ◽  
pp. 2270002
Keyword(s):  
2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Denis Artiukhin ◽  
Patrick Eschenbach ◽  
Johannes Neugebauer

We present a computational analysis of the asymmetry in reaction center models of photosystem I, photosystem II, and bacteria from <i>Synechococcus elongatus</i>, <i>Thermococcus vulcanus</i>, and <i>Rhodobacter sphaeroides</i>, respectively. The recently developed FDE-diab methodology [J. Chem. Phys., 148 (2018), 214104] allowed us to effectively avoid the spin-density overdelocalization error characteristic for standard Kohn–Sham Density Functional Theory and to reliably calculate spin-density distributions and electronic couplings for a number of molecular systems ranging from dimeric models in vacuum to large protein including up to about 2000 atoms. The calculated spin densities showed a good agreement with available experimental results and were used to validate reaction center models reported in the literature. We demonstrated that the applied theoretical approach is very sensitive to changes in molecular structures and relative orientation of molecules. This makes FDE-diab a valuable tool for electronic structure calculations of large photosynthetic models effectively complementing the existing experimental techniques.


2018 ◽  
Author(s):  
Tim Gould

The GMTKN55 benchmarking protocol introduced by [Goerigk et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 32184] allows comprehensive analysis and ranking of density functional approximations with diverse chemical behaviours. But this comprehensiveness comes at a cost: GMTKN55's 1500 benchmarking values require energies for around 2500 systems to be calculated, making it a costly exercise. This manuscript introduces three subsets of GMTKN55, consisting of 30, 100 and 150 systems, as `diet' substitutes for the full database. The subsets are chosen via a stochastic genetic approach, and consequently can reproduce key results of the full GMTKN55 database, including ranking of approximations.


2018 ◽  
Author(s):  
Michael Fischer

<div>Aluminophosphates with zeolite-like topologies (AlPOs) have received considerable attention as potential adsorbents for use in the separation of methane-containing gas mixtures. Such separations, especially the removal of carbon dioxide and nitrogen from methane, are of great technological relevance in the context of the “upgrade” of natural gas, landfill gas, and biogas. While more than 50 zeolite frameworks have been synthesised in aluminophosphate composition or as heteroatom substituted AlPO derivatives, only a few of them have been characterised experimentally with regard to their adsorption and separation behaviour. In order to predict the potential of a variety of AlPO frameworks for applications in CO<sub>2</sub>/CH<sub>4</sub> and CH<sub>4</sub>/N<sub>2</sub> separations, atomistic grand-canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations were performed for 53 different structures. Building on previous work, which studied CO<sub>2</sub>/N<sub>2</sub> mixture adsorption in AlPOs (M. Fischer, <i>Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.</i>, 2017, <b>19</b>, 22801–22812), force field parameters for methane adsorption in AlPOs were validated through a comparison to available experimental adsorption data. Afterwards, CO<sub>2</sub>/CH<sub>4</sub> and CH<sub>4</sub>/N<sub>2</sub> mixture isotherms were computed for all 53 frameworks for room temperature and total pressures up to 1000 kPa (10 bar), allowing the prediction of selectivities and working capacities for conditions that are relevant for pressure swing adsorption (PSA) and vacuum swing adsorption (VSA). For CO<sub>2</sub>/CH<sub>4 </sub>mixtures, the <b>GIS</b>, <b>SIV</b>, and <b>ATT</b> frameworks were found to have the highest selectivities and CO<sub>2 </sub>working capacities under VSA conditions, whereas several frameworks, among them <b>AFY</b>, <b>KFI</b>, <b>AEI</b>, and <b>LTA</b>, show higher working capacities under PSA conditions. For CH<sub>4</sub>/N<sub>2</sub> mixtures, all frameworks are moderately selective for methane over nitrogen, with <b>ATV</b> exhibiting a significantly higher selectivity than all other frameworks. While some of the most promising topologies are either not available in pure-AlPO<sub>4</sub> composition or collapse upon calcination, others can be synthesised and activated, rendering them interesting candidates for future experimental studies. In addition to predictions of mixture adsorption isotherms, further simulations were performed for four selected systems in order to investigate the microscopic origins of the macroscopic adsorption behaviour, <i>e.g. </i>with regard to the very high CH<sub>4</sub>/N<sub>2</sub> selectivity of <b>ATV</b> and the loading-dependent evolution of the heat of CO<sub>2</sub> adsorption and CO<sub>2</sub>/CH<sub>4</sub> selectivity of <b>AEI</b> and GME.</div>


2013 ◽  
Vol 568-569 ◽  
pp. 202
Author(s):  
Shengli Zhang ◽  
Yonghong Zhang ◽  
Shiping Huang ◽  
Peng Wang ◽  
Huiping Tian

Author(s):  
Manoj Prasad ◽  
Filip Strubbe ◽  
Filip Beunis ◽  
Kristiaan Neyts

Correction for ‘Space charge limited release of charged inverse micelles in non-polar liquids’ by Manoj Prasad et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 19289–19298, DOI: 10.1039/C6CP03544B.


Author(s):  
Ho Ngoc Nam ◽  
Ryo Yamada ◽  
Haruki Okumura ◽  
Tien Quang Nguyen ◽  
Katsuhiro Suzuki ◽  
...  

Correction for ‘Intrinsic defect formation and the effect of transition metal doping on transport properties in a ductile thermoelectric material α-Ag2S: a first-principles study’ by Ho Ngoc Nam et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2021, DOI: 10.1039/d0cp06624a.


Author(s):  
Shyamal Mondal ◽  
Debasree Chowdhury ◽  
Pabitra Das ◽  
Biswarup Satpati ◽  
Debabrata Ghose ◽  
...  

Correction for ‘Observation of ordered arrays of endotaxially grown nanostructures from size-selected Cu-nanoclusters deposited on patterned substrates of Si’ by Shyamal Mondal et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2021, 23, 6009–6016 DOI: 10.1039/D0CP06089E.


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