scholarly journals Nondegeneracy of heteroclinic orbits for a class of potentials on the plane

2022 ◽  
Vol 124 ◽  
pp. 107681
Jacek Jendrej ◽  
Panayotis Smyrnelis
Weidong Yang ◽  
Menglong Liu ◽  
Linwei Ying ◽  
Xi Wang

This paper demonstrated the coupled surface effects of thermal Casimir force and squeeze film damping (SFD) on size-dependent electromechanical stability and bifurcation of torsion micromirror actuator. The governing equations of micromirror system are derived, and the pull-in voltage and critical tilting angle are obtained. Also, the twisting deformation of torsion nanobeam can be tuned by functionally graded carbon nanotubes reinforced composites (FG-CNTRC). A finite element analysis (FEA) model is established on the COMSOL Multiphysics platform, and the simulation of the effect of thermal Casimir force on pull-in instability is utilized to verify the present analytical model. The results indicate that the numerical results well agree with the theoretical results in this work and experimental data in the literature. Further, the influences of volume fraction and geometrical distribution of CNTs, thermal Casimir force, nonlocal parameter, and squeeze film damping on electrically actuated instability and free-standing behavior are detailedly discussed. Besides, the evolution of equilibrium states of micromirror system is investigated, and bifurcation diagrams and phase portraits including the periodic, homoclinic, and heteroclinic orbits are described as well. The results demonstrated that the amplitude of the tilting angle for FGX-CNTRC type micromirror attenuates slower than for FGO-CNTRC type, and the increment of CNTs volume ratio slows down the attenuation due to the stiffening effect. When considering squeeze film damping, the stable center point evolves into one focus point with homoclinic orbits, and the dynamic system maintains two unstable saddle points with the heteroclinic orbits due to the effect of thermal Casimir force.

2010 ◽  
Vol 22 (3) ◽  
pp. 367-380
Kenneth R. Meyer ◽  
Patrick McSwiggen ◽  
Xiaojie Hou

2001 ◽  
Vol 11 (09) ◽  
pp. 2451-2461

The variational method has shown many advantages over the geometric method in proving the existence of connecting orbits since it requires much weaker hyperbolicity and less smoothness. Many results known to be difficult to obtain by the geometric method can now be obtained by a variational principle with relative ease. In particular, a variational principle provides a constructive approach to the existence of heteroclinic orbits. In this paper a variational principle is used to construct a heteroclinic orbit between an adjacent minimal pair of fixed points for monotone twist maps on (ℝ/ℤ) × ℝ. Application of our results to a standard map is also given.

2016 ◽  
Vol 2016 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Jingjing Feng ◽  
Qichang Zhang ◽  
Wei Wang ◽  
Shuying Hao

In dynamic systems, some nonlinearities generate special connection problems of non-Z2symmetric homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits. Such orbits are important for analyzing problems of global bifurcation and chaos. In this paper, a general analytical method, based on the undetermined Padé approximation method, is proposed to construct non-Z2symmetric homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits which are affected by nonlinearity factors. Geometric and symmetrical characteristics of non-Z2heteroclinic orbits are analyzed in detail. An undetermined frequency coefficient and a corresponding new analytic expression are introduced to improve the accuracy of the orbit trajectory. The proposed method shows high precision results for the Nagumo system (one single orbit); general types of non-Z2symmetric nonlinear quintic systems (orbit with one cusp); and Z2symmetric system with high-order nonlinear terms (orbit with two cusps). Finally, numerical simulations are used to verify the techniques and demonstrate the enhanced efficiency and precision of the proposed method.

X. Tong ◽  
B. Tabarrok

Abstract In this paper the global motion of a rigid body subject to small periodic torques, which has a fixed direction in the body-fixed coordinate frame, is investigated by means of Melnikov’s method. Deprit’s variables are introduced to transform the equations of motion into a form describing a slowly varying oscillator. Then the Melnikov method developed for the slowly varying oscillator is used to predict the transversal intersections of stable and unstable manifolds for the perturbed rigid body motion. It is shown that there exist transversal intersections of heteroclinic orbits for certain ranges of parameter values.

2016 ◽  
Vol 26 (3) ◽  
pp. 033112 ◽  
Sulimon Sattari ◽  
Qianting Chen ◽  
Kevin A. Mitchell

2014 ◽  
Vol 24 (10) ◽  
pp. 1450133 ◽  
Haijun Wang ◽  
Xianyi Li

After a 3D Lorenz-like system has been revisited, more rich hidden dynamics that was not found previously is clearly revealed. Some more precise mathematical work, such as for the complete distribution and the local stability and bifurcation of its equilibrium points, the existence of singularly degenerate heteroclinic cycles as well as homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits, and the dynamics at infinity, is carried out in this paper. In particular, another possible new mechanism behind the creation of chaotic attractors is presented. Based on this mechanism, some different structure types of chaotic attractors are numerically found in the case of small b > 0. All theoretical results obtained are further illustrated by numerical simulations. What we formulate in this paper is to not only show those dynamical properties hiding in this system, but also (more mainly) present a kind of way and means — both "locally" and "globally" and both "finitely" and "infinitely" — to comprehensively explore a given system.

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