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Author(s):  
Marek Jaśkiewicz ◽  
Damian Frej ◽  
Miloš Poliak

The article presents a model designed dummy for crash test in ADAMS. The simulated model dummy has dimensions, shapes and mass corresponding to a 50-percentile man. The simulation program allows modification of the dummy parameters. It allows to study the dynamics of motion, distribution of forces and loads of individual parts of the body of the simulated model. The article describes the design process and how to select the appropriate stiffness and damping joints for the simulated dummy. The article contains the results of simulation crash tests performed in the ADAMS program, which were compared to results of the Hybryd III dummy physical crash test. The simulation is designed to reflect the greatest compliance of the movements of individual parts of the human body during the low speed collision.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Caroline Lardy ◽  

This article proposes to reflect on models of documentary staging of sensory disability in open and closed environments. Based on an anthropology of the sensitive, the analysis will focus on the works of Frederick Wiseman and Werner Herzog in particular. The analysis tools of visual anthropology will allow us to examine the scenic biases and the singularity of the authors’ views on disability as well as the variety of learning methods used by the people filmed. We will focus on the description of the body in a situation of disability, on the relationship between the able-bodied and the disabled, as well as on the significant function that the social, medical and educational context can have in the situations described.


2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (4) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ibrahim Akin ◽  
Husnu Erbay Bardakcioglu ◽  
Elvan Hayat ◽  
Yalcin Alper Ozturan ◽  
Omer Kurt

ABSTRACT: Breeding strategies aim to reduce lameness in dairies by using predictor traits to increase the selection of dairy cows. This study enhanced the present knowledge about association between the claw conformations (CC), hindlimb conformation (HiLC), gait, and body condition score (BCS) in dairy cows. A total of 166 lactating Holstein cows were enrolled in the study and scored for BCS, CC, HiLC, and gait. The abnormal HiLC group was statistically significant (P<0.001) to have more abnormal CC. Hock in (Hin) cows showed significance (P<0.001) with CC abnormalities. Cows with abnormal gait have less abnormal claw and limb conformation than normal cows (P=0.032). Lactation number (P=0.036) and abnormal HiLC (P<0.001) were significantly increased risk for CC. The present results might be useful for claw and hindlimb conformations, and breeding strategies of the herd.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 209-218
Author(s):  
Elena R. Abdrakhmanova ◽  
Natalya V. Vlasova ◽  
Lyaylya M. Masyagutova ◽  
Liliya G. Gizatullina ◽  
Linara A. Rafikova ◽  
...  

Relevance. Bronchial asthma is a serious medical and social problem. To confirm the diagnosis, it is necessary to assess the allergic status, to determine the biological markers of the disease. Of particular relevance is a comprehensive analysis of the results of laboratory examination of patients, including data from hematological, immunological, microbiological studies. Aim. To study some laboratory parameters (hematological, immunological and microbiological), the changes of which are most typical for patients with an established diagnosis of bronchial asthma. Matherials and Methods . A clinical and diagnostic examination of women in the non-production and industrial sectors with an established diagnosis of bronchial asthma, performed during a periodic medical examination, was carried out. Results and Discussion . Laboratory research has shown that hematological parameters are characterized by a reduced content of hemoglobin, erythrocyte indices MCV, MCH, MCHS - markers of hypochromia. The surveyed women had increased indices: eosinophils, immunoglobulin E, allergy index, leukocyte intoxication index. High rates of allergization are found in the production sector in 41,51%, in the non-production sector - in 44,44%, which indicates a serious sensitization of the body. Bacterial contamination in the examined groups is represented by coccal flora, where the most significant microorganisms are Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus spp, Streptococcus pyogenes and Candida albicans. Conclusion . The results of the analysis indicate the need to conduct and study further research on the development of markers of early, prenosological health disorders in the process of screening examination of large groups of the working population.


This study aims to investigate the role of culture at an individual level in the context of m-payment adoption. Specifically, it examines the effect of uncertainty avoidance and collectivism based on the Hofstede cultural dimensions on three important constructs in technology adoption as well as m-payment adoption which are performance expectancy, behavioural intention and consumer trust. The data was collected in Vietnam which ranked first in m-payment development worldwide in 2019 to test the hypotheses. The findings confirmed the significant impact of cultural variables in the context of mobile payment adoption. The positive and significant impacts of performance expectancy on behavioural intention and consumer trust, and consumer trust on behavioural intention are also confirmed which are aligned to previous studies. This research contributes to the body of literature of not only m-payment adoption, but also the impact of culture in m-payment adoption in particular and technology adoption in general.


This study aims to investigate the role of culture at an individual level in the context of m-payment adoption. Specifically, it examines the effect of uncertainty avoidance and collectivism based on the Hofstede cultural dimensions on three important constructs in technology adoption as well as m-payment adoption which are performance expectancy, behavioural intention and consumer trust. The data was collected in Vietnam which ranked first in m-payment development worldwide in 2019 to test the hypotheses. The findings confirmed the significant impact of cultural variables in the context of mobile payment adoption. The positive and significant impacts of performance expectancy on behavioural intention and consumer trust, and consumer trust on behavioural intention are also confirmed which are aligned to previous studies. This research contributes to the body of literature of not only m-payment adoption, but also the impact of culture in m-payment adoption in particular and technology adoption in general.


2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 0-0

This study aims to investigate the role of culture at an individual level in the context of m-payment adoption. Specifically, it examines the effect of uncertainty avoidance and collectivism based on the Hofstede cultural dimensions on three important constructs in technology adoption as well as m-payment adoption which are performance expectancy, behavioural intention and consumer trust. The data was collected in Vietnam which ranked first in m-payment development worldwide in 2019 to test the hypotheses. The findings confirmed the significant impact of cultural variables in the context of mobile payment adoption. The positive and significant impacts of performance expectancy on behavioural intention and consumer trust, and consumer trust on behavioural intention are also confirmed which are aligned to previous studies. This research contributes to the body of literature of not only m-payment adoption, but also the impact of culture in m-payment adoption in particular and technology adoption in general.


Author(s):  
George Pashev

It is a healthy diet that creates conditions for human life, ensuring the optimal functioning of all processes in the body. Of course, a healthy diet cannot be a protection against the penetration of infection into the body, but it is the balanced and full-fledged nature of the diet that creates the conditions for the formation of a timely and adequate immune response. In order to help consumers in getting more balanced and healthy diet, we created a personalized Healthy Menu Generator Chatbot, based on Prolog Knowledge base. The user request is constructed by user in a subset of English Language by using Request Fragments from a list. Cross-translation of the user request and its execution in the Prolog Execution Environment is extensively covered in the paper.


2021 ◽  
Vol 29 (5) ◽  
pp. 17-24
Author(s):  
Aleksandr Nikolaevich Grebenyuk ◽  
Vladimir Nikolaevich Bykov

Introduction. Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the most common causes of chemical injuries and the main toxic factor in the people death in fires. The mechanism of the toxic effect of CO, associated with the formation of carboxyhemoglobin and the development of hypoxia, determines the rapid development of the clinical picture of acute intoxication and the need for emergency first aid and medical care to the poisoned. Material and methods. Literature sources, summarized in the bibliographic databases eLIBRARY.RU, PubMed and Scopus, were the material for analysis. Results. First aid is based on quickly removing the victim from the fire zone or other area with a high concentration of CO and providing him with oxygen as soon as possible. During medical evacuation, it is necessary to carry out continuous inhalation of 80-100% oxygen, to ensure rest and warmth of the victim. In the emergency department of the hospital, oxygen inhalation and maintenance therapy should be continued, clinical and laboratory diagnostic measures aimed at assessing the severity of intoxication, identifying complications and concomitant pathology should be performed. In the case of severe CO poisoning, medical care continues to be provided to the victims in the intensive care unit or in the oxygen-barotherapy unit. The main antidote for CO poisoning is oxygen, which can be used in two versions - normobaric or hyperbaric oxygenation. As a pharmacological antidote to CO, zinc bisvinylimidazole diacetate (acizol) which can accelerate the breakdown of carboxyhemoglobin, improve the oxygen-binding and gas-transport properties of blood, as well as the dissociation of oxyhemoglobin in tissues is used. Along with antidotes, an important role in the treatment of CO poisoning is played by pathogenetic and symptomatic therapy aimed at the prevention and treatment of toxic encephalopathy, brain edema, cognitive dysfunction, toxic myocardiodystrophy and arrhythmia, prevention of pneumonia, correction of the acid-base state, compensation of the energy needs of the body, etc. Conclusion. Further improvement of existing means and methods for the treatment of intoxication, the development and introduction of new antidots into medical practice will increase the effectiveness of therapeutic measures, reduce the number of deaths and disabilities after acute poisoning with carbon monoxide.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 816
Author(s):  
Arie Dwi Alristina ◽  
Dewinta Hayudanti ◽  
Rizky Dzariyani Laili ◽  
Rossa Kurnia Ethasari

Indonesia has the potential for large marine and fisheries resources, reaching 23.26 million tons per year. Green shellfish (<em>Perna viridis</em>) are a source of animal protein that can be classified as Complete Protein because of its high levels of essential amino acids. These green shellfish are cheaper than other seafood products. However, heavy metals can be absorbed by shellfish, which is cadmium (Cd) which if consumed can accumulate in the body, cause health problems and lead to death. Therefore, research is needed to reduce cadmium levels in green shellfish, including using a lime solution (<em>Citrus aurantifolia).</em> This study was to determine the effectiveness of the soaking time of lime in reducing the cadmium levels in green shellfish. The research was an experimental with a pretest-posttest group design. Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney test was used to analyze data by SPSS. The results showed a significant difference (p&lt;0.05) that means the longer the soaking time, the longer the time for the citrate ions to react with metal cadmium, more cadmium is bound to the lime solution. It showed that soaking green shellfish with lime solution for 120 minutes was the most effective to reduce 73.77% of cadmium levels in green shellfish.


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