Unveiling the critical role of active site interaction in single atom catalyst towards hydrogen evolution catalysis

Nano Energy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 93 ◽  
pp. 106819
Feng Li ◽  
Gao-Feng Han ◽  
Yunfei Bu ◽  
Shanshan Chen ◽  
Ishfaq Ahmad ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 452 ◽  
pp. 214289
Priyanka Aggarwal ◽  
Debasish Sarkar ◽  
Kamlendra Awasthi ◽  
Prashanth W. Menezes

1991 ◽  
Vol 274 (3) ◽  
pp. 707-713 ◽  
M P Jackman ◽  
A Hajnal ◽  
K Lerch

Site-directed mutagenesis was used to determine the functional role of several residues of Streptomyces glaucescens tyrosinase. Replacement of His-37, -53, -193 or -215 by glutamine yields albino phenotypes, as determined by expression on melanin-indicator plates. The purified mutant proteins display no detectable oxy-enzyme and increased Cu lability at the binuclear active site. The carbonyl derivatives of H189Q and H193Q luminesce, with lambda max. displaced more than 25 nm to a longer wavelength compared with native tyrosinase. The remaining histidine mutants display no detectable luminescence. The results are consistent with these histidine residues (together with His-62 and His-189 reported earlier) acting as Cu ligands in the Streptomyces glaucescens enzyme. Conservative substitution of the invariant Asn-190 by glutamine also gives an albino phenotype, no detectable oxy-enzyme and labilization of active-site Cu. The luminescence spectrum of carbonyl-N190Q, however, closely resembles that of the native enzyme under conditions promoting double Cu occupancy of the catalytic site. A critical role for Asn-190 in active-site hydrogen-bonding interactions is proposed.

2020 ◽  
Maoqi Cao ◽  
Kang Liu ◽  
Yao Song ◽  
Chao Ma ◽  
Yiyang Lin ◽  

Abstract Electrochemical water splitting has drawn tremendous interest for the scalable and sustainable conversion of renewable electricity to clear hydrogen fuel and chemicals. However, the sluggishly kinetics of water dissociation step in alkaline solutions restrict severely the application of hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Here, we designed and prepared cobalt layers with nitrogen modified atomically dispersed Mo sites (N-Mo/Co SAA) to boost the activity of HER. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations demonstrated that the N can induce the asymmetry charge localization of Moδ+ to facilitate the water dissociation. The energy barriers of water dissociation reduced from 0.48 to 0.35 eV by the charge localized Moδ+ site. High resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) and synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements confirmed the structure of N modified atomically dispersed Moδ+. Ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) measurements assessed the atomically dispersed Moδ+ site is the active site for water dissociation. Thus, the obtained N-Mo/Co catalyst exhibits record activity with 12 mV overpotential to achieve the current density of 10 mA cm− 2 and Tafel slope of 31 mV dec− 1 in alkaline media, which are superior to 32 mV overpotential for 10 mA cm− 2 and 38 mV dec− 1 Tafel slope on best commercial 20 wt% Pt/C sample in the same condition. This design strategy provided a new pathway to boost the activity of single atom alloy (SAA) by regulating the charge localization of the active site precisely at the atomic-level.

Nano Letters ◽  
2019 ◽  
Vol 19 (11) ◽  
pp. 8118-8124 ◽  
Xiangye Liu ◽  
Baichang Li ◽  
Xufan Li ◽  
Avetik R. Harutyunyan ◽  
James Hone ◽  

2007 ◽  
Vol 282 (38) ◽  
pp. 28157-28163 ◽  
Karin Valmsen ◽  
William E. Boeglin ◽  
Reet Järving ◽  
Ivar Järving ◽  
Külliki Varvas ◽  

The correct stereochemistry of prostaglandins is a prerequisite of their biological activity and thus is under a strict enzymatic control. Recently, we cloned and characterized two cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms in the coral Plexaura homomalla that share 97% amino acid sequence identity, yet form prostaglandins with opposite stereochemistry at carbon 15. The difference in oxygenation specificity is only partially accounted for by the single amino acid substitution in the active site (Ile or Val at position 349). For further elucidation of residues involved in the C-15 stereocontrol, a series of sequence swapping and site-directed mutagenesis experiments between 15R- and 15S-COX were performed. Our results show that the change in stereochemistry at carbon 15 of prostaglandins relates mainly to five amino acid substitutions on helices 5 and 6 of the coral COX. In COX proteins, these helices form a helix-turn-helix motif that traverses through the entire protein, contributing to the second shell of residues around the oxygenase active site; it constitutes the most highly conserved region where even slight changes result in loss of catalytic activity. The finding that this region is among the least conserved between the P. homomalla 15S- and 15R-specific COX further supports its significance in maintaining the desired prostaglandin stereochemistry at C-15. The results are particularly remarkable because, based on its strong conservation, the conserved middle of helix 5 is considered as central to the core structure of peroxidases, of which COX proteins are derivatives. Now we show that the same parts of the protein are involved in the control of oxygenation with 15R or 15S stereospecificity in the dioxygenase active site.

Biochemistry ◽  
1998 ◽  
Vol 37 (21) ◽  
pp. 7725-7732 ◽  
James Zapf ◽  
Madhusudan ◽  
Charles E. Grimshaw ◽  
James A. Hoch ◽  
Kottayil I. Varughese ◽  

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