A three-dimensional numerical study of the effects of various twisted tapes on heat transfer characteristics and flow field in a tube: Experimental validation and multi-objective optimization via response surface methodology

2022 ◽  
Vol 50 ◽  
pp. 101798
Mohammad Reza Kalateh ◽  
Ali Kianifar ◽  
Mohammad Sardarabadi
2019 ◽  
Vol 25 (7) ◽  
pp. 83-103
Ayser Shamil Salman ◽  
Mohammed A. Nima

Numerical study is adapted to combine between piezoelectric fan as a turbulent air flow generator and perforated finned heat sinks. A single piezoelectric fan with different tip amplitudes placed eccentrically at the duct entrance. The problem of solid and perforated finned heat sinks is solved and analyzed numerically by using Ansys 17.2 fluent, and solving three dimensional energy and Navier–Stokes equations that set with RNG based k−ε scalable wall function turbulent model. Finite volume algorithm is used to solve both phases of solid and fluid. Calculations are done for three values of piezoelectric fan amplitudes 25 mm, 30 mm, and 40 mm, respectively. Results of this numerical study are compared with previous both numerical and experimental studies and give a good agreement. Numerical solution is invoked to explain the behavior of air flow and temperature distribution for two types of circular axial and lateral perforations. For each type, all the results are compared with an identical solid finned heat sink. Perforations show a remarkable enhanced in the heat transfer characteristics. The results achieved enhancement in the heat transfer coefficient about 12% in axial perforation and 25% in the lateral perforation at the maximum fan amplitude.  

Tarek M. Abdel-Salam

This study presents results for flow and heat transfer characteristics of two-dimensional rectangular impinging jets and three-dimensional circular impinging jets. Flow geometries under consideration are single and multiple impinging jets issued from a plane wall. Both confined and unconfined configurations are simulated. Effects of Reynolds number and the distance between the jets are investigated. Results are obtained with a finite volume computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. Structured grids are used in all cases of the present study. Turbulence is treated with a two equation k-ε model. Different jet velocities have been examined corresponding to Reynolds numbers of 5,000 to 20,000. Results of the three-dimensional cases show that Reynolds number has no effect on the velocity distribution of the center jet. Results of both two-dimensional and three-dimensional cases show that Reynolds number highly affects the heat transfer and values of the Nusselt number. The maximum Nusselt number was always found at the stagnation point of the center jet.

Xinjun Wang ◽  
Xiaowei Bai ◽  
Jiangbo Wu ◽  
Rui Liu ◽  
Ding Zhu ◽  

By using the CFX software, three-dimensional flow and heat transfer characteristics in rectangular cooling ducts with in-line and staggered array pin-fins of gas turbine blade trailing edge were numerically simulated. The effects of in-line and staggered arrays of pin-fins, flow Reynolds number as well as density of cylindrical pin-fins in flow direction on heat transfer characteristics were analyzed. Both in the cases of in-line and staggered arrays of pin-fins, the results show that the pin-fin surface averaged Nusselt number increases with the increasing of Reynolds number. In the case of the same Reynolds number, the mean Nusselt number of pin-fin surface decreased with the increasing of X/D (the ratio of streamwise pin-pitch to pin-fin diameter) value. The Nusselt number increases gradually before the first pin-fin row and then reached the fully developed value at fourth or fifth row. The pin-fin Nusselt number at flow direction is larger than that at back flow direction. Along the height direction of pin-fin, the Nusselt number in middle area is larger.

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