Many engineering and industrial applications always seek to find ways to dissipate heat from heated surfaces used in these industries. As it is involved in the cooling of electronic parts and electrical transformers, as well as the design of solar collectors, in addition to being a process of heat exchange between hot surfaces and the fluids in contact with them. Since most electronic devices or their parts are cooled by removing the heat generated inside them by using air as a heat transfer medium and in a free convection way, and the fact that heat transfer by free convection occurs in many fields, so there were many studies that dealt with this topic. The free load is generated by the buoyant force (Bouncy force) As a result of the difference in the density of the fluid adjacent to the heated surface due to the difference in temperatures between the fluid and the surface. The laminar flow along surfaces has been extensively studied analytically [1,2,3,4] In the horizontal, inclined and vertical case, whether by constant heat flux or constant surface temperature, there are also many experimental studies of heat transfer by free convection from horizontal, inclined and vertical surfaces with constant heat flux or constant surface temperature [5,6,7,8]. Some experimental studies have also been conducted on heat transfer by convection from heated surfaces in the form of a disk (ring)The outcome of these studies was to extract an exponential mathematical relationship between the average of Nusselt number and the Kirchhoff number or Rayleigh number and the following formula: (Nu=C(Ra) n It is one of the most suitable formulas for heat transfer by free convection from heated surfaces in all its forms and over a wide range of Rayleigh number . It is noted that not all of these studies dealt with the study of the effect of the cavity ratio on heat transfer by free convection from square-shaped surfaces, which is the form that is more applied in electronic devices. Therefore, the current research means studying the rate of change in the average of Nusselt number, which represents a function of the rate of change in the rate of heat transfer by convection, as well as studying the thermal gradient above the surface, and this was done through using three hollow surfaces in proportions (0.25,0.5,0.75) of the total area.