field synergy principle
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Processes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (5) ◽  
pp. 786
Jiedong Ye ◽  
Junshuai Lv ◽  
Dongli Tan ◽  
Zhiqiang Ai ◽  
Zhiqiang Feng

The NH3 uniformity and conversion rate produced by the urea–water solution spray system is an essential factor affecting de-NOx efficiency. In this work, a three-dimensional simulation model was developed with the CFD software and was employed to investigate the effects of two typical injection methods (wall injection and center injection) and three distribution strategies (pre-mixer, post-mixer, pre-mixer, and post-mixer) of two typical mixers on the urea conversion rate and uniformity. The field synergy principle was employed to analyze the heat transfer of different mixer flow fields. The results show that the single mixer has instability in optimizing different injection positions due to different injection methods and injection positions. The dual-mixer is stable in the optimization of the flow field under different conditions. The conclusion of the field synergy theory of the single mixer accords with the simulation result. The Fc of the dual-mixer cases is low, but the NH3 conversion and uniformity index rate are also improved due to the increase in the residence time of UWS.

Seyed Mostafa Hosseinalipour ◽  
Hamidreza Shahbazian ◽  
Bengt Sunden

AbstractThe present investigation emphases on rotation effects on internal cooling of gas turbine blades both numerically and experimentally. The primary motivation behind this work is to investigate the possibility of heat transfer enhancement by dean vortices generated by Coriolis force and U-bend with developing turbulent in the view point of the field synergy principle and secondary flow intensity analysis. A two-passage internal cooling channel model with a 180° U-turn at the hub section is used in the analysis. The flow is radially outward at the first passage of the square channel and then it will be inward at the second passage. The study covers a Reynolds number (Re) of 10,000, Rotation number (Ro) in the range of 0–0.25, and Density Ratios (DR) at the inlet between 0.1–1.5. The numerical results are compared to experimental data from a rotating facility. Results obtained with the basic RANS SST k-ω model are assessed completely as well. A field synergy principle analysis is consistent with the numerical results too. The results state that the secondary flows due to rotation can considerably improve the synergy between the velocity and temperature gradients up to 20%, which is the most fundamental reason why the rotation can enhance the heat transfer. In addition, the Reynolds number and centrifugal buoyancy variations are found to have no remarkable impact on increasing the synergy angle. Moreover, vortices induced by Rotation number and amplified by Reynolds number increase considerable secondary flow intensity which is exactly in compliance with Nusselt number enhancement.

Vekamulla Narayana

In the present study, an attempt is made to explore the flow field inside the differentially heated lid-driven square cavity. The governing equations along with boundary conditions are solved numerically. The simulated results (100 ≤ Re ≤ 1000 and 0.001 ≤ Ri ≤ 10) are validated with previous results in the literature. The convection differencing schemes, namely, UPWIND, QUICK, SUPERBEE, and SFCD, are discussed and are used to simulate the flow using the MPI code. It is observed that the computational cost for all the differencing schemes get reduced tremendously when the MPI code is implemented. Plots demonstrate the influences of Re and Ri in terms of the contours of the fluid streamlines, isotherms, energy streamlines, and field synergy principle.

2020 ◽  
Vol 77 (4) ◽  
pp. 287-298
Yalin Cui ◽  
Yaning Zhang ◽  
Wei Wang ◽  
Bingxi Li ◽  
Bengt Sundén

2020 ◽  
Vol 257 ◽  
pp. 113995 ◽  
Xiaohuan Zhao ◽  
Jiaqiang E ◽  
Zhiqing Zhang ◽  
Jingwei Chen ◽  
Gaoliang Liao ◽  

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