finned tube
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Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 280
Filip Lisowski ◽  
Edward Lisowski

The use of cryogenic liquefied gasses in industry is constantly increasing both for process purposes and for power supply needs. The liquefied natural gas (LNG) is stored at cryogenic temperature and its immediate use in gaseous form requires its evaporation. The heat needed to cause a phase change is usually delivered by means of vaporizers. This paper presents a numerical analysis of the influence of the fins number and frost accumulated within the fins surface on the heat transferred through the aluminum finned tubes of LNG ambient air vaporizers. The calculations were carried out applying finite element thermal analysis within Ansys software as well as using an analytical approach. As a result, the heat rate per unit length of the finned tube was obtained. The results were compared for different numbers of longitudinal fins both without frost and for total frosting of the tubes.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (22) ◽  
pp. 7607
Angelo Maiorino ◽  
Ciro Aprea ◽  
Manuel Gesù Del Del Duca

Carbon dioxide trans-critical refrigeration systems have been deeply investigated over the last years, with the aim to improve their performance by using several possible technical solutions. However, most of them lead to a more complex and expensive system, and therefore a trade-off is always needed to identify the best viable solution. Therefore, many efforts have also been focused on the study of a critical component of the basic carbon dioxide trans-critical cycle, which is the gas cooler, especially by numerical simulations. This work shows a new flexible approach to numerically model an air-cooled finned-tube CO2 trans-critical gas cooler integrating a Top-Down methodology with a Finite Difference Method to solve the governing equation of the thermodynamic processes involved. The model was developed to reproduce the behavior of an experimental CO2 refrigeration system, which provided the experimental data used for its validation. In detail, the model showed a good agreement with the experimental data, with average deviations of 1 K (0.3%), 0.9 bar (1%) and 0.15 kW (2.8%) regarding the refrigerant outlet temperature, the refrigerant outlet pressure and the rejected heat, respectively. The Top-Down numerical approach slightly outperformed the performance of previous numerical models available in the literature. Furthermore, the analysis of the refrigerant temperature and pressure along the tubes and rows also shows that the model can reproduce their behavior consistently and accordingly to data reported in the literature. The proposed approach can be used for detailed thermo-economic analysis of the whole refrigeration system, with the aim to optimize the design of the gas cooler.

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