scholarly journals A case report: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as an Al-ternative for cell counting chambers of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) for brewery applications

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 027-031
Brunauer Georg Christoph ◽  
Meindl Alina ◽  
Rotter Bernhard ◽  
Gruber Alfred ◽  
Slouka Christoph

Advanced technologies, such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), are a valuable tool which can enhance and simplify the industrial process monitoring if used correctly. State-of-the-art approaches for screening the cell growth of for example yeast during the brewing process still heavily rely on offline methods such as methylene blue or florescence dye-based staining, and/or the usage of flow cytometric measurements. These methods, while being accurate, are very time consuming and require heavy manual effort. Furthermore, the time span needed to obtain the counting result can lead to a time-delayed response signal and can impact the quality of the final product. In recent studies, applications of low-frequency EIS in the α-regime were used for the determination of cell counts and the metabolic state in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This method has proven to be a reliable tool which has also shown high potential in industrial scale applications. The online biomass monitoring, as well as viable cell count, for feasibility study was performed in-house at Stiegl Brewery in Salzburg/Austria founded in 1492.

Chemosensors ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (2) ◽  
pp. 27
Georg Christoph Brunauer ◽  
Oliver Spadiut ◽  
Alfred Gruber ◽  
Christoph Slouka

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is a powerful tool in life science for cell and pathogen detection, as well as for cell counting. The measurement principles and techniques using impedance spectroscopy are highly diverse. Differences can be found in used frequency range (β or α regime), analyzed quantities, like charge transfer resistance, dielectric permittivity of double layer capacitance and in off- or online usage. In recent contributions, applications of low-frequency impedance spectroscopy in the α regime were tested for determination of cell counts and metabolic burden in Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The established easy to use methods showed reasonable potential in the lab scale, especially for S. cerevisiae. However, until now, measurements for cell counts in food science are generally based on Thoma cell counting chambers. These microscopic cell counting methods decelerate an easy and quick prediction of yeast viability, as they are labor intensive and result in a time delayed response signal. In this contribution we tested our developed method using low frequency impedance spectroscopy locally at an industrial brewery propagation site and compared results to classic cell counting procedures.

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