saccharomyces cerevisiae
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Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 313 ◽  
pp. 122986
Archontoula Kalogeropoulou ◽  
Iris Plioni ◽  
Dimitra Dimitrellou ◽  
Magdalini Soupioni ◽  
Poonam Singh Nigam ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 374 ◽  
pp. 131742
M. Gallardo-Fernández ◽  
J. Valls-Fonayet ◽  
E. Valero ◽  
R. Hornedo-Ortega ◽  
T. Richard ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 84
Marilia M. Knychala ◽  
Angela A. dos Santos ◽  
Leonardo G. Kretzer ◽  
Fernanda Gelsleichter ◽  
Maria José Leandro ◽  

In previous work, we developed a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain (DLG-K1) lacking the main monosaccharide transporters (hxt-null) and displaying high xylose reductase, xylitol dehydrogenase and xylulokinase activities. This strain proved to be a useful chassis strain to study new glucose/xylose transporters, as SsXUT1 from Scheffersomyces stipitis. Proteins with high amino acid sequence similarity (78–80%) to SsXUT1 were identified from Spathaspora passalidarum and Spathaspora arborariae genomes. The characterization of these putative transporter genes (SpXUT1 and SaXUT1, respectively) was performed in the same chassis strain. Surprisingly, the cloned genes could not restore the ability to grow in several monosaccharides tested (including glucose and xylose), but after being grown in maltose, the uptake of 14C-glucose and 14C-xylose was detected. While SsXUT1 lacks lysine residues with high ubiquitinylation potential in its N-terminal domain and displays only one in its C-terminal domain, both SpXUT1 and SaXUT1 transporters have several such residues in their C-terminal domains. A truncated version of SpXUT1 gene, deprived of the respective 3′-end, was cloned in DLG-K1 and allowed growth and fermentation in glucose or xylose. In another approach, two arrestins known to be involved in the ubiquitinylation and endocytosis of sugar transporters (ROD1 and ROG3) were knocked out, but only the rog3 mutant allowed a significant improvement of growth and fermentation in glucose when either of the XUT permeases were expressed. Therefore, for the efficient heterologous expression of monosaccharide (e.g., glucose/xylose) transporters in S. cerevisiae, we propose either the removal of lysines involved in ubiquitinylation and endocytosis or the use of chassis strains hampered in the specific mechanism of membrane protein turnover.

Antioxidants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 161
Nikolaos Nenadis ◽  
Efi Samara ◽  
Fani Th. Mantzouridou

In the present work, the role of the carboxyl group of o-dihydroxybenzoic acids (pyrocatechuic, 2,3-diOH-BA and protocatechuic, 3,4-diOH-BA) on the protection against induced oxidative stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was examined. Catechol (3,4-diOH-B) was included for comparison. Cell survival, antioxidant enzyme activities, and TBARS level were used to evaluate the efficiency upon the stress induced by H2O2 or cumene hydroperoxide. Theoretical calculation of atomic charge values, dipole moment, and a set of indices relevant to the redox properties of the compounds was also carried out in the liquid phase (water). Irrespective of the oxidant used, 2,3-diOH-BA required by far the lowest concentration (3–5 μM) to facilitate cell survival. The two acids did not activate catalase but reduced superoxide dismutase activity (3,4-diOH-BA>2,3-diOH-BA). TBARS assay showed an antioxidant effect only when H2O2 was used; equal activity for the two acids and inferior to that of 3,4-diOH B. Overall, theoretical and experimental findings suggest that the 2,3-diOH-BA high activity should be governed by metal chelation. In the case of 3,4-diOH BA, radical scavenging increases, and chelation capacity decreases. The lack of carboxyl moiety (3,4-diOH B) adds to radical scavenging, interaction with lipophilic free radicals, and antioxidant enzymes. The present study adds to our knowledge of the antioxidant mechanism of dietary phenols in biological systems.

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 512
Xuzeng Wang ◽  
Zhaogai Wang ◽  
Tao Feng

In order to screen out Saccharomyces cerevisiae suitable for table grape fermentation, and compare it with commercial Saccharomyces cerevisiae in terms of fermentation performance and aroma producing substances, differences of fermentation flavor caused by different strains were discussed. In this experiment, yeast was isolated and purified from vineyard soil, 26s rDNA identification and fermentation substrate tolerance analysis were carried out, and the causes of flavor differences of wine were analyzed from three aspects: GC-MS, PCA and sensory evaluation. The results showed that strain S1 had the highest floral aroma fraction, corresponding to its high production of ethyl octanoate and other substances, and it had the characteristics of high sugar tolerance. The fruit sensory score of S3 wine was the highest among the six wines. Through exploration and analysis, it was found that compared with commercial Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the screened strains had more advantages in fermenting table grapes. The flavor of each wine was directly related to the growth characteristics and tolerance of its strains.

Fermentation ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 33
Yanfeng Liu ◽  
Bing Wan ◽  
Fan Yang ◽  
Xiaolong Zhang ◽  
Jianghua Li ◽  

Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Lactobacillus panis are ethanol and lactic acid producers in Maotai-flavor Baijiu fermentation. Understanding their interaction is important to regulate the microbiome composition during fermentation and biosynthesis of ethanol and lactic acid. This study is the first to analyze the interaction between S. cerevisiae and L. panis at different growth phases during co-cultivation. Results showed that the different growth phases of S. cerevisiae modulated L. panis growth. Metabolomics analysis showed that amino acids and nucleoside secreted by S. cerevisiae promote L. panis growth, while ethanol inhibited L. panis growth. Furthermore, S. cerevisiae modulated L. panis cell growth under varying sugar concentrations. Simulated solid-state fermentation demonstrated that regulating the sugar concentration or the ratio of S. cerevisiae to L. panis could inhibit L. panis cell growth and reduce lactic acid accumulation. This study provided an understanding on Maotai-flavor Baijiu microbiome, which might be useful for metabolite regulation.

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