honeycomb lattice
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2022 ◽  
Vol 91 (1) ◽  
Kota Kataoka ◽  
Dirk Wulferding ◽  
Takeshi Yajima ◽  
Daisuke Nishio-Hamane ◽  
Daigorou Hirai ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (1) ◽  
Li Gan ◽  
Stéphane Ouvry ◽  
Alexios P. Polychronakos

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 224
Kalyan Biswas ◽  
Lin Yang ◽  
Ji Ma ◽  
Ana Sánchez-Grande ◽  
Qifan Chen ◽  

The synthesis of nanographenes (NGs) with open-shell ground states have recently attained increasing attention in view of their interesting physicochemical properties and great prospects in manifold applications as suitable materials within the rising field of carbon-based magnetism. A potential route to induce magnetism in NGs is the introduction of structural defects, for instance non-benzenoid rings, in their honeycomb lattice. Here, we report the on-surface synthesis of three open-shell non-benzenoid NGs (A1, A2 and A3) on the Au(111) surface. A1 and A2 contain two five- and one seven-membered rings within their benzenoid backbone, while A3 incorporates one five-membered ring. Their structures and electronic properties have been investigated by means of scanning tunneling microscopy, noncontact atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy complemented with theoretical calculations. Our results provide access to open-shell NGs with a combination of non-benzenoid topologies previously precluded by conventional synthetic procedures.

R S Fishman ◽  
George Ostrouchov ◽  
Feng Ye

Abstract This work describes two methods to fit the inelastic neutron-scattering spectrum S(q, ω) with wavector q and frequency ω. The common and well-established method extracts the experimental spin-wave branches ωn(q) from the measured spectra S(q ,ω) and then minimizes the difference between the observed and predicted frequencies. When n branches of frequencies are predicted but the measured frequencies overlap to produce only m < n branches, the weighted average of the predicted frequencies must be compared to the observed frequencies. A penalty is then exacted when the width of the predicted frequencies exceeds the width of the observed frequencies. The second method directly compares the measured and predicted intensities S(q ,ω) over a grid {q i , ωj} in wavevector and frequency space. After subtracting background noise from the observed intensities, the theoretical intensities are scaled by a simple wavevector-dependent function that reflects the instrumental resolution. The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are demonstrated by studying the open honeycomb material Tb2Ir3Ga9.

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (4) ◽  
Matthew Bunney ◽  
Tomonari Mizoguchi ◽  
Yasuhiro Hatsugai ◽  
Stephan Rachel

Ezekiel James Horsley ◽  
Xin Rao ◽  
Sang Bum Yi ◽  
Young-June Kim

Abstract We report our study of cobalt (II) titanate, CoTiO3, in which magnetic Co ions are replaced by non-magnetic ions. The antiferromagnetic ordering transition of CoTiO3 around 37 K is described with ferromagnetic honeycomb layers coupled antiferromagnetically along the crystallographic c direction. The effect of magnetic dilution on the Néel temperature of this material is investigated through the doping of Zn2+ and Mg2+ in place of Co2+ for various dilution levels up to x + y = 0.46 in Co1-x-yZnxMgyTiO3. Single phase polycrystalline samples have been synthesized and their structural and magnetic properties have been examined. A linear relation between dilution and the Néel temperature is observed over a wide doping range. A linear extrapolation would suggest that the required dilution level to suppress magnetic order is around x + y ∽ 0.74, well beyond the classical percolation threshold. The implication of this observation for microscopic models for describing CoTiO3 is discussed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 105 (2) ◽  
Xu-Ping Yao ◽  
Rui Leonard Luo ◽  
Gang Chen

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