Journal of Physics Condensed Matter
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Published By Iop Publishing

1361-648x, 0953-8984

Author(s):  
Zhen Cui ◽  
Yaqian Zhang ◽  
Dong Hu ◽  
Sten Vollebregt ◽  
Jiajie Fan ◽  
...  

Abstract Understanding the atomic diffusion features in metallic material is significant to explain the diffusion-controlled physical processes. In this paper, using electromigration experiments and molecular dynamic (MD) simulations, we investigate the effects of grain size and temperature on the self-diffusion of polycrystalline aluminum (Al). The mass transport due to electromigration are accelerated by increasing temperature and decreasing grain size. Magnitudes of effective diffusivity (Deff) and grain boundary diffusivity (DGBs) are experimentally determined, in which the Deff changes as a function of grain size and temperature, but DGBs is independent of the grain size, only affected by the temperature. Moreover, MD simulations of atomic diffusion in polycrystalline Al demonstrate those observations from experiments. Based on MD results, the Arrhenius equation of DGBs and empirical formula of the thickness of grain boundaries at various temperatures are obtained. In total, Deff and DGBs obtained in the present study agree with literature results, and a comprehensive result of diffusivities related to the grain size is presented.


Author(s):  
Alireza Baradaran ◽  
Mehdi Ghaffarian

Abstract Using the tight-binding model and density functional theory, the topological invariant of the two-dimensional (2D) group III-V and IV-IV compounds are studied in the absence and the presence of an external perpendicular electric field and spin-orbit coupling. It will be recognized that a critical value of these parameters changes the topological invariant of 2D graphene-like compounds. The significant effects of an external electric field and spin-orbit coupling are considered to the two-center overlap integrals of the Slater-Koster model involved in band structures, changing band-gap, and tuning the topological phase transition between ordinary and quantum spin Hall regime. These declare the good consistency between two theories: tight-binding and density functional. So, this study reveals topological phase transition in these materials. Our finding paves a way to extend an effective Hamiltonian, and may instantly clear some computation aspects of the study in the field of spintronic based on the first-principles methods.


Author(s):  
Roman Perdomo-Pérez ◽  
Jaime Martínez Rivera ◽  
Norma Caridad Palmero Cruz ◽  
Miguel Angel Sandoval Puentes ◽  
Javier Alejandro Sánchez Gallegos ◽  
...  

Abstract Competing interaction fluids have become ideal model systems to study a large number of phenomena, for example, the formation of intermediate range order structures, condensed phases not seen in fluids driven by purely attractive or repulsive forces, the onset of particle aggregation under in- and out-of-equilibrium conditions, which results in the birth of reversible and irreversible aggregates or clusters whose topology and morphology depend additionally on the thermodynamic constrictions, and a particle dynamics that has a strong influence on the transport behaviour and rheological properties of the fluid. In this contribution, we study a system of particles interacting through a potential composed by a continuous succession of a short-ranged square-well, an intermediate-ranged square-shoulder and a long-ranged square-well. This potential model is chosen to systematically analyse the contribution of every component of the interaction potential on the phase behaviour, the microstructure, the morphology of the resulting aggregates and the transport phenomena of fluids described by competing interactions. Our results indicate that the inclusion of a barrier and a second well leads to new and interesting effects, which in addition result in variations of the physical properties associated to the competition among interactions.


Author(s):  
Shravan Godse ◽  
Yagyank Srivastava ◽  
Ankit Jain

Abstract The anharmonic phonon properties of type-I filled inorganic clathrates Ba8Ga16Ge30 and Sr8Ga16Ge30 are obtained from the first-principles calculations by considering the temperature-dependent sampling of the potential energy surface and quartic phonon renormalization. Owing to the weak binding of guest atoms with the host lattice, the obtained guest modes undergo strong renormalization with temperature and become stiffer by up to 50% at room temperature in Sr8Ga16Ge30. The calculated phonon frequencies and associated thermal mean squared displace- ments are comparable with experiments despite the on-centering of guest atoms at cage centers in both clathrates. Lattice thermal conductivities are obtained in the temperature range of 50- 300 K accounting for three-phonon scattering processes and multi-channel thermal transport. The contribution of coherent transport channel is significant at room temperature (13% and 22% in Ba8Ga16Ge30 and Sr8Ga16Ge30) but is insufficient to explain the experimentally observed glass-like thermal transport in Sr8Ga16Ge30.


Author(s):  
Xiaoyan Zhu ◽  
Yang Xu ◽  
Cuimei Cao ◽  
Tian Shang ◽  
Yali Xie ◽  
...  

Abstract It is fascinating how the binary alloy FeRh has been the subject of a vast number of studies almost solely for a single-phase transition. This is, however, reasonable, considering how various degrees of freedom are intertwined around this phase transition. Furthermore, the tunability of this phase transition—the large response to tuning parameters, such as electric field and strain—endows FeRh huge potential in applications. Compared to the bulk counterpart, FeRh in the thin-film form is superior in many aspects: Materials in thin-film form are often more technologically relevant in the first place; in addition, the substrates add extra dimensions to the tunability, especially when the substrate itself is multiferroic. Here we review recent developments on the magnetic and transport properties of heterostructures based on FeRh and its end-member Rh, with the latter providing a new route to exploiting spin-orbit interactions in functional spintronic heterostructures other than the more often employed 5d metals. The methods utilized in the investigation of the physical properties in these systems, and the design principles employed in the engineering thereof may conceivably be extended to similar phase transitions to other magnetic materials.


Author(s):  
Jizhou Wu ◽  
Felipe J González-Cataldo ◽  
Francois Soubiran ◽  
Burkhard Militzer

Abstract We perform ab initio simulations of beryllium (Be) and magnesium oxide (MgO) at megabar pressures and compare their structural and thermodynamic properties. We make a detailed comparison of our two recently derived phase diagrams of Be [Wu et al., Phys. Rev. B 104, 014103 (2021)] and MgO [Soubiran and Militzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 125, 175701 (2020)] using the thermodynamic integration technique, as they exhibit striking similarities regarding their shape. We explore whether the Lindemann criterion can explain the melting temperatures of these materials through the calculation of the Debye temperature at high pressure. From our free energy calculations, we obtained a melting curve for Be that is well represented by the fit Tm(P) = 1564K*[1 + P/(15.8037 GPa)]^0.414 , and a melting line of MgO, which can be well reproduced by the fit Tm(P) = 3010K*(1 + P/a)^(1/c) with a = 10.5797 GPa and c = 2.8683 for the B1 phase and a = 26.1163 GPa and c = 2.2426 for the B2 phase. Both materials exhibit negative Clapeyron slopes on the boundaries between the two solid phases that are strongly affected by anharmonic effects, which also influences the location of the solid-solid-liquid triple point. We find that the quasi-harmonic approximation underestimates the stability range of the low-pressure phases, namely hcp for Be and B1 for MgO. We also compute the phonon dispersion relations at low and high pressure for each of the phases of these materials, and also explore how the phonon density of states is modified by temperature. Finally, we derive secondary shock Hugoniot curves in addition to the principal Hugoniot curve for both materials, and study their offsets in pressure between solid and liquid branches.


Author(s):  
Jason Gallas

Abstract We report the discovery of non-quantum chirality in the a periodically driven Brusselator. In contrast to standard chirality from quantum contexts, this novel type of chirality is governed by rate equations, namely by purely classical equations of motion. The Brusselator chirality was found by computing high-resolution phase diagrams depicting the number of spikes, local maxima, observed in stable periodic oscillations of the Brusselator as a function of the frequency and amplitude of the external drive. We also discuss how to experimentally observed non-quantum chirality in generic oscillators governed by nonlinear sets of rate equations.


Author(s):  
Abhiroop Lahiri ◽  
Swapan K Pati

Abstract We have considered and alternating spin-½/spin-1 chain with nearest-neighbor (J1), next-nearest neighbor (J2) antiferromagnetic Heisenberg interactions along with z-component of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya(DM) (Dz) interaction. The Hamiltonian has been studied using (a) Linear Spin-Wave Theory(LSWT) and (b) Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG). The system had been reported earlier as a classical ferrimagnet only when nearest neighbor exchange interactions are present. Both the antiferromagnetic next-nearest neighbor interactions and DM interactions introduce strong quantum fluctuations and due to which all the signatures of ferrimagnetism vanishes. We find that the nonzero J2 introduces strong quantum fluctuations in each of the spin sites due to which the z-components of both spin-1 and spin-1/2 sites average out to be zero. The ground state becomes a singlet. The presence of J1 along with Dzintroduces a short range order but develops long range order along the XY plane. J1 along with J2induces competing phases with structure factor showing sharp and wide peaks, at two different angles reflecting the spin spiral structure locally as well as in the underlying lattice. Interestingly, we find that the Dz term removes the local spin spiral structure in z-direction, while developing a spiral order in the XY plane.


Author(s):  
Jiaxun Liu ◽  
Juan Du ◽  
Anthony E Phillips ◽  
Peter B Wyatt ◽  
David A Keen ◽  
...  

Abstract We report the results of a neutron powder diffraction study of the phase transitions in deuterated methylammonium lead iodide, with a focus on the system of orientational distortions of the framework of PbI6 octahedra. The results are analysed in terms of symmetry-adapted lattice strains and normal mode distortions. The higher-temperature cubic–tetragonal phase transition at 327 K is weakly discontinuous and nearly tricritical. The variations of rotation angles and spontaneous strains with temperature are consistent with a standard Landau theory treatment. The lower-temperature transition to the orthorhombic phase at 165 K is discontinuous, with two systems of octahedral rotations and internal distortions that together can be described by five order parameters of different symmetry. In this paper we quantify the various symmetry breaking distortions and their variation with temperature, together with their relationship to the spontaneous strains, within the formalism of Landau theory. A number of curious results in the low-temperature phase are identified, particularly regarding distortion amplitudes that decrease rather than increase with lowering temperature.


Author(s):  
Robert Paul Salazar Romero ◽  
Camilo Bayona Roa ◽  
Gabriel Tellez

Abstract In this work, we study the gapped Surface Electrode (SE), a planar system composed of two-conductor flat regions at different potentials with a gap G between both sheets. The computation of the electric field and the surface charge density requires solving Laplace’s equation subjected to Dirichlet conditions (on the electrodes) and Neumann Boundary Conditions over the gap. In this document, the GSE is modeled as a Two-Dimensional Classical Coulomb Gas having punctual charges +q and −q on the inner and outer electrodes, respectively, interacting with an inverse power law 1~r-potential. The coupling parameter Γ between particles inversely depends on temperature and is proportional to q2. Precisely, the density charge arises from the equilibrium states via Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. We focus on the coupling and the gap geometry effect. Mainly on the distribution of particles in the circular and the harmonically-deformed gapped SE. MC simulations differ from electrostatics in the strong coupling regime. The electrostatic approximation and the MC simulations agree in the weak coupling regime where the system behaves as two interacting ionic fluids. That means that temperature is crucial in finite-size versions of the gapped SE where the density charge cannot be assumed fully continuous as the coupling among particles increases. Numerical comparisons are addressed against analytical descriptions based on an electric vector potential approach, finding good agreement.


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