knee arthroplasty
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Biko A. Schermer ◽  
Arne C. Berger ◽  
Wouter Stomp ◽  
Joris C.T. van der Lugt

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 55-61
Eric S. Secrist ◽  
Taylor Rowe ◽  
Katherine K. Li ◽  
Thomas K. Fehring

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 35-42
Micah MacAskill ◽  
Baylor Blickenstaff ◽  
Alexander Caughran ◽  
Matthew Bullock

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 ◽  
pp. 43-47
Christopher J. Fang ◽  
John C. Mazzocco ◽  
Daniel C. Sun ◽  
Jonathan M. Shaker ◽  
Carl T. Talmo ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 58-69
Artit Laoruengthana ◽  
Piti Rattanaprichavej ◽  
Parin Samapath ◽  
Bhuwad Chinwatanawongwan ◽  
Pariphat Chompoonutprapa ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yi-hu Yi ◽  
Song Gong ◽  
Tian-lun Gong ◽  
Ling-yun Zhou ◽  
Can Hu ◽  

Background: There is controversy over whether use of new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) associates with increased hemorrhage risk compared with non-NOAC. Meanwhile, determining which NOAC to use remains unclear. We aimed to summarize the evidence about NOACs in venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention for patients with total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA).Methods: We searched RCTs assessing NOACs for VTE prophylaxis in adults undergoing THA and TKA in Medline, Embase, and Cochrane up to May 2021. Primary outcomes were VTE [included deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE)], major VTE, and major bleeding. The rank probabilities of each treatment were summarized by the surface under the cumulative ranking curve area (SUCRA).Results: 25 RCTs with 42,994 patients were included. Compared with non-NOAC, NOACs were associated with a decreased risk of VTE (RR 0.68; 95% CI 0.55–0.84) and major VTE (RR = 0.52; 95% CI 0.35–0.76). Additionally, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban but not dabigatran and betrixaban, did confer a higher efficacy compared with non-NOAC. None of the individual NOACs increased the risk of bleeding, while apixaban and betrixaban were even associated with a decreased risk of bleeding. In the comparison of different NOACs, rivaroxaban was associated with the greatest benefits in VTE (SUCRA = 79.6), DVT (SUCRA = 88.8), and major VTE (SUCRA = 89.9) prevention. Furthermore, subgroup analysis confirmed that NOACs associated with a higher efficacy tendency in patients with follow-up duration <60 days than follow-up duration ≥60 days.Conclusion: Evidence suggests that NOACs exert more benefits on VTE prophylaxis, and none of the individual NOACs increased hemorrhage compared with non-NOAC. Among various NOACs, rivaroxaban is recommended in patients with lower bleeding risk, and apixaban is recommended in patients with higher bleeding risk.Systematic Review Registration: [], identifier [CRD42021266890].

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Sergi Gil-González ◽  
Ricardo Andrés Barja-Rodríguez ◽  
Antoni López-Pujol ◽  
Hussein Berjaoui ◽  
Jose Enrique Fernández-Bengoa ◽  

Abstract Background This study aimed to assess whether use of continuous passive motion (CPM) could improve range of motion in patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), if it could affect the surgical wound aspect (SWA) and if it could influence on pain management after TKA. Methods We randomized 210 patients in two groups, 102 patients in the CPM group, who received a standard rehabilitation protocol together with CPM application; and 108 patients in the no-CPM group, without CPM. Variables as knee motion (flexion, extension, range of motion) and pain were measured before surgery, on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd postoperative day, and in the 2nd, 6th, 12th and 24th postoperative weeks following TKA. The SWA was determined by the “surgical wound aspect score” (SWAS) in the next 48 h after surgery. This scale analyzes swelling, erythema, hematoma, blood drainage and blisters. Results There was an improvement in the knee motion over the course of follow-up in both groups, without significant difference in flexion parameter. We found no significant differences in the total score of SWA, except for hematoma, with less severity in the CPM group. Furthermore, we found no differences in the others SWAS parameters and pain. Conclusions The application of CPM does not provide benefit to our patients undergoing TKA in terms of either improved flexion mobility or decreased pain. No relationship was found between the use of CPM and the global score of SWA following a TKA, except for a decrease in hematoma appearance.

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