Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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Published By Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)

1749-799x, 1749-799x
Updated Friday, 03 December 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jihui Zhou ◽  
Li Xu ◽  
Peng Yang ◽  
Shibang Lin ◽  
Haizhou Huang

Abstract Background Circ-ATAD1 plays an oncogenic role in gastric cancer. However, its roles in other cancers are unclear. We aimed to analyze the role of circ-ATAD1 in osteosarcoma (OS). Methods The expression levels of circ-ATAD1, mature miR-154-5p, and premature miR-154-5p in paired OS and non-tumor tissues from 56 OS patients were determined using RT-qPCR. Nuclear fractionation assay was performed to analyze the subcellular location of circ-ATAD1. The interaction between circ-ATAD1 and premature miR-154-5p was analyzed using RNA pull-down assay. The role of circ-ATAD1 in regulating miR-154-5p maturation was analyzed using RT-qPCR in cells with overexpression. Transwell assays were performed to analyze the roles of circ-ATAD1 and miR-154-5p in regulating OS cell invasion and migration. Results Circ-ATAD1 was overexpressed in OS compared to non-tumor tissues and was detected in the nuclei of OS cells. Mature miR-154-5p, but not premature miR-154-5p, was downregulated in OS tissues compared to non-tumor tissues and was inversely correlated with circ-ATAD1. In OS cells, circ-ATAD1 overexpression decreased the expression of mature miR-154-5p, but not premature miR-154-5p. Transwell assay analysis showed that circ-ATAD1 overexpression increased cell invasion and migration, and mature miR-154-5p overexpression suppressed these cell behaviors. In addition, circ-ATAD1 overexpression reduced the effects of mature miR-154-5p overexpression on cell behaviors. Conclusions Circ-ATAD1 is overexpressed in OS and suppresses miR-154-5p maturation to increase cell invasion and migration.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Hairui Fu ◽  
Bin Liang ◽  
Wei Qin ◽  
Xiaoxiong Qiao ◽  
Qiang Liu

Abstract Background No prognostic model for the survival of fragile hip fracture has been developed for Asians. The goal of this study was to develop a simple and practical prognostic model to predict survival within 1 year after fragile hip fracture in Asians. Methods A single-center retrospective cohort study was designed. Under a multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model, we used the preoperative characteristics of patients to predict survival within 1 year after hip fracture. We built a full model and then used the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method to further shrink the model coefficients and achieved variable screening. Finally, we obtained a LASSO model. The model performance was evaluated with Nagelkerke’s R2 and the concordance (c) statistic. We assessed the internal validity with a bootstrapping procedure of 1 000 repetitions. Results A total of 735 eligible patients were admitted to our department for hip fracture from January 2015 to December 2020, but 11 (1.5%) patients were lost to follow-up. Among the remaining patients, 68 (9.3%) died within 1 year after hip fracture. We identified 12 candidate predictors from the preoperative characteristics of the patients. The last model contained nine predictors: surgery, age, albumin, sex, serum creatinine, malignancy, hypertension, ability to live independently, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Among them, surgery, age, and albumin are effective predictors of survival. The discrimination c statistic of the model is 0.814 (95% confidence interval 0.762–0.865); the corrected value through internal validation is 0.795. Conclusions This prognostic model can accurately predict a 1-year survival rate for patients with fragile hip fractures. This information can help clinicians develop a reasonable and personalized treatment plan.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Hervé Hourlier ◽  
Peter Fennema

Abstract Background Renal patients are at high risk of blood transfusion following major orthopaedic surgery. A variety of patient blood management (PBM) policies have been proposed to reduce the rate of transfusions. The aim of this observational study was to assess the performance of an adjusted PBM protocol in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods A total of 1191 consecutive patients underwent elective unilateral THA and took part in an adjusted PBM protocol. The PBM protocol consisted of epoetin (EPO) alfa therapy prescribed by the surgeon, routine administration of tranexamic acid (TXA), an avascular approach to the hip and postoperative prophylaxis of thromboembolism. The performance of this PBM protocol was analysed in patients with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) below or above 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 at baseline. Haemoglobin levels were controlled at admission, on postoperative day (POD) 1 and on POD 7 ± 1. A bleeding index (BI) was used as a proxy for blood loss. Results In total, 153 patients (12.9%) presented with a modification of diet in renal disease value below 60 at baseline. Of these, 20 (13.1%) received EPO therapy and 120 (78.4%) received TXA. None of the patients received allogenic blood transfusions during the first perioperative week. The mean BI for the entire study population was 2.7 (95% CI 2.6, 2.8). CKD did not exert a significant impact on the BI (p = 0.287). However, it was found that both TXA and EPO therapy significantly lowered the BI (difference, − 0.3, p < 0.001). There were no thromboembolic complications in renal patients who received TXA and/or EPO therapy. Conclusions A zero-percent transfusion rate during the first perioperative week is attainable in patients with stage 3 or stage 4 CKD undergoing contemporary elective THA. With the use of a pragmatic blood-sparing protocol, patients with renal dysfunction did not have an increased risk of bleeding and did not have an increased incidence in the rate of perioperative blood transfusions.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
You-Di Xue ◽  
Wen-Bo Diao ◽  
Chao Ma ◽  
Jie Li

Abstract Purpose This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and imaging results of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (PETLIF) through comparing it with minimally invasive surgery-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MISTLIF). Materials and methods We performed a retrospective analysis on patients with lumbar degenerative disease treated by PETLIF or MISTLIF from September 2017 to January 2019, and the patients were divided into two groups: the PETLIF group and the MISTLIF group. The clinical and imaging parameters of the two groups were evaluated. Results There was no significant difference between the two groups in operative time and complication rate. The estimated blood loss and the length of hospital stay in the PETLIF group were significantly better than those in the MISTLIF group. Compared with those before operation, the postoperative VAS-L and VAS-B scores were significantly improved after operation in the both groups. In addition, the postoperative VAS-B score of the PETLIF group was significantly lower than that of the MISTLIF group. At the last follow-up, there was no significant difference between the two groups in the VAS-L score, VAS-B score, ODI score, and bony fusion rate. Conclusions Both PETLIF and MISTLIF could achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease, but our study suggested that PETLIF had less damage, rapid recovery after operation, and short discharge time.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Yi-Wei Shen ◽  
Yi Yang ◽  
Hao Liu ◽  
Xin Rong ◽  
Chen Ding ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a common complication after cervical disc replacement (CDR). Biomechanical factors including endplate coverage and intervertebral disc height change may be related to HO formation. However, there is a dearth of quantitative analysis for endplate coverage, intervertebral height change and their combined effects on HO. Methods Patients who underwent single-level or two-level CDR with Prestige-LP were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical outcomes were evaluated through Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) score. Radiological data, including the prosthesis-endplate depth ratio, intervertebral height change, posterior heterotopic ossification (PHO) and angular parameters, were collected. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the potential risk factors. Receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted and the cut-off values of each potential factors were calculated. Results A total of 138 patients with 174 surgical segments were evaluated. Both the prosthesis-endplate depth ratio (P < 0.001) and post-operative disc height change (P < 0.001) were predictive factors for PHO formation. The area under the curve (AUC) of the prosthesis-endplate depth ratio, disc height change and their combined effects represented by the combined parameter (CP) were 0.728, 0.712 and 0.793, respectively. The risk of PHO significantly increased when the prosthesis-endplate depth ratio < 93.77% (P < 0.001, OR = 6.909, 95% CI 3.521–13.557), the intervertebral height change ≥ 1.8 mm (P < 0.001, OR = 5.303, 95% CI 2.592–10.849), or the CP representing the combined effect < 84.88 (P < 0.001, OR = 10.879, 95% CI 5.142–23.019). Conclusions Inadequate endplate coverage and excessive change of intervertebral height are both potential risk factors for the PHO after CDR. Endplate coverage less than 93.8% or intervertebral height change more than 1.8 mm would increase the risk of PHO. The combination of these two factors may exacerbate the non-uniform distribution of stress in the bone-implant interface and promote HO development.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Kunihiro Oka ◽  
Ryoya Shiode ◽  
Yuichi Yoshii ◽  
Hiroyuki Tanaka ◽  
Toru Iwahashi ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Although the automatic diagnosis of fractures using artificial intelligence (AI) has recently been reported to be more accurate than those by orthopedics specialists, big data with at least 1000 images or more are required for deep learning of the convolutional neural network (CNN) to improve diagnostic accuracy. The aim of this study was to develop an AI system capable of diagnosing distal radius fractures with high accuracy even when learning with relatively small data by learning to use bi-planar X-rays images. Methods VGG16, a learned image recognition model, was used as the CNN. It was modified into a network with two output layers to identify the fractures in plain X-ray images. We augmented 369 plain X-ray anteroposterior images and 360 lateral images of distal radius fractures, as well as 129 anteroposterior images and 125 lateral images of normal wrists to conduct training and diagnostic tests. Similarly, diagnostic tests for fractures of the styloid process of the ulna were conducted using 189 plain X-ray anteroposterior images of fractures and 302 images of the normal styloid process. The distal radius fracture is determined by entering an anteroposterior image of the wrist for testing into the trained AI. If it identifies a fracture, it is diagnosed as the same. However, if the anteroposterior image is determined as normal, the lateral image of the same patient is entered. If a fracture is identified, the final diagnosis is fracture; if the lateral image is identified as normal, the final diagnosis is normal. Results The diagnostic accuracy of distal radius fractures and fractures of the styloid process of the ulna were 98.0 ± 1.6% and 91.1 ± 2.5%, respectively. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.991 {n = 540; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.984–0.999} and 0.956 (n = 450; 95% CI 0.938–0.973). Conclusions Our method resulted in a good diagnostic rate, even when using a relatively small amount of data.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
ZhiBo Deng ◽  
JiangPing Wu ◽  
KaiYing Tang ◽  
Han Shu ◽  
Ting Wang ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives It remains debatable if early mobilization (EM) yields a better clinical outcome than the late mobilization (LM) in adults with an acute and displaced distal radial fracture (DRF) of open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). Therefore, we aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), comparing clinical results with the safety of EM with LM following ORIF. Methods Databases such as Medline, Cochrane Central Register, and Embase were searched from Jan 1, 2000, to July 31, 2021, and RCTs comparing EM with LM for DRF with ORIF were included in the analysis. The primary outcome of study included disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score at different follow-up times. Wherever the secondary outcomes included patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE), grip strength (GS), visual analog scale (VAS), wrist range of motion (WROM), and associated complications, the two independent reviewers did data extraction for the analysis. Effect sizes of outcome for each group were pooled using random-effects models; thereafter, the results were represented in the forest plots. Results Nine RCTs with 293 EM and 303 LM participants were identified and included in the study. Our analysis showed that the DASH score of the EM group was significantly better than LM group at the six weeks postoperatively (− 10.15; 95% CI − 15.74 to − 4.57, P < 0.01). Besides, the EM group also had better outcomes in PRWE, GS and WROM at 6 weeks. However, EM showed potential higher rate for implant loosening and/or fracture re-displacement complication (3.00; 95% CI 1.02–8.83, P = 0.05). Conclusion Functionally, at earlier stages, EM for patients with DRF of ORIF may have a beneficial effect than LM. The mean differences in the DASH score at 6 weeks surpassed the minimal clinically important difference; however, the potentially higher risk of implant loosening and/or fracture re-displacement cannot be ignored. Due to the lack of definitive evidence, multicenter and large sample RCTs are required for determining the optimal rehabilitation protocol for DRF with ORIF. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42021240214 2021/2/28.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Gang Liu ◽  
Xiaoguang Guo ◽  
Qian Zhao ◽  
Bo Qin ◽  
Junjie Lu ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Split fractures of the humeral greater tuberosity (HGT) are common injuries. Although there are numerous surgical treatments for these fractures, no classification system combining clinical and biomechanical characteristics has been presented to guide the choice of fixation method. Methods We created a standardised fracture of the HGT in 24 formalin-fixed cadavers. Six were left as single-fragment fractures (Group A), six were further prepared to create single-fragment with medium size full-thickness rotator cuff tear (FT-RCT) fractures (Group B), six were cut to create multi-fragment fractures (Group C), and six were cut to create multi-fragment with FT-RCT fractures (Group D). Each specimen was fixed with a shortened proximal humeral internal locking system (PHILOS) plate. The fixed fractures were subjected to load and load-to-failure tests and the differences between groups analysed. Results The mean load-to-failure values were significantly different between groups (Group A, 446.83 ± 38.98 N; Group B, 384.17 ± 36.15 N; Group C, 317.17 ± 23.32 N and Group D, 266.83 ± 37.65 N, P < 0.05). The load-to-failure values for fractures with a greater tuberosity displacement of 10 mm were significantly different between each group (Group A, 194.00 ± 29.23 N; Group B, 157.00 ± 29.97 N; Group C, 109.00 ± 17.64 N and Group D, 79.67.83 ± 15.50 N; P < 0.05). These findings indicate that fractures with a displacement of 10 mm have different characteristics and should be considered separately from other HGT fractures when deciding surgical treatment. Conclusions Biomechanical classification of split fractures of the HGT is a reliable method of categorising these fractures in order to decide surgical treatment. Our findings and proposed system will be a useful to guide the choice of surgical technique for the treatment of fractures of the HGT.


2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nicola Maffulli ◽  
Francesco Oliva ◽  
Filippo Migliorini

Abstract Background Following conservative management for acute Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures, the tendon may heal in continuity, and some patients may present with an elongated Achilles tendon–gastrosoleus complex. This study investigated the efficacy and feasibility of a novel minimally invasive technique, which we named “check-rein procedure”, in patients with intact and elongated AT following conservative management for AT ruptures. Methods All patients who underwent the check-rein procedure for elongation of the gastrosoleus–AT complex by one experienced surgeon were prospectively enrolled. The AT resting angle (ATRA) and AT rupture score (ATRS) were assessed at baseline and repeated at 2-year follow-up, as were calf circumference and isometric plantarflexion strength of both ankles. Results Forty-three patients (43 procedures) were analysed. The mean time elapsed from injury to surgery was 28.7 ± 7.9 weeks. The mean age at surgery was 38.5 ± 5.7 years. At the last follow-up, ATRS, ATRA, isometric strength difference, and calf circumference of the affected side were increased (P < 0.0001). The rate of the return to sport was 98% (42 of 43). No wound complications or rupture were experienced by any patient. Conclusion The check-rein technique for AT elongation after conservative management of AT tears is effective and feasible to restore tendon length and calf function. The surgical outcome was influenced by the preoperative performance status, and longer time elapsed from injury to surgery worsens the outcomes.


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