Review Of The Literature
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2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (70) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jesús Valverde-Berrocoso ◽  
Alberto González-Fernández ◽  
Jesús Acevedo-Borrega

Disinformation is a serious problem for democratic systems in open societies. It is a global phenomenon that must be studied from different approaches and the educational dimension is one of the most relevant. It is necessary to know what educational models have been developed to empower citizens against disinformation. A systematic review of the literature (2011-2020), following the PRISMA protocol, was carried out by analyzing articles (n=76) extracted from three databases (Wos, Scopus and ERIC). Reference management and text mining software was used to data analyse. Eight research questions were answered on the conceptual framework, bibliometrics characteristics and pedagogical dimension. From the results of the content analysis emerges a vision of the role of multiliteracies in educational research and the problem of disinformation: media and information literacies are the most relevant and news and data literacies are incorporated. The need to adopt interdisciplinary approaches is confirmed. From the results of the educational dimension, three pedagogical approaches are identified: strategies for competencies development; focused on content and education for citizenship. Workshops and lesson plans are the most common teaching practices. The development of critical thinking, experiences in the co-construction of knowledge, and the values of civic education are fundamental against disinformation. El problema de la desinformación es una amenaza para los sistemas democráticos. Es un fenómeno global que debe ser abordado desde múltiples perspectivas, siendo la pedagógica una de las más relevantes y, por ello, es necesario conocer qué modelos didácticos se han desarrollado para empoderar a la ciudadanía ante la desinformación. Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática de la literatura (2011-2020) bajo el protocolo PRISMA y se analizaron artículos de investigación (n=76) extraídos de tres bases de datos (Wos, Scopus y ERIC). El análisis fue realizado con apoyo de gestores bibliográficos y de minería de textos. Se da respuesta a ocho preguntas de investigación sobre el marco conceptual, las características documentales y la dimensión pedagógica. El análisis documental ofrece una visión del papel de las alfabetizaciones múltiples en la investigación educativa sobre el fenómeno de la desinformación, destacando la relevancia de la «alfabetización mediática» y la «informacional», así como la emergencia de la «alfabetización en noticias» y en «datos». Se evidencia la necesidad de adoptar enfoques interdisciplinares. Con relación a los resultados educativos, se identifican tres enfoques pedagógicos: estrategias competenciales, centrado en contenidos y educación para la ciudadanía. Las prácticas de enseñanza más frecuentes son la realización de talleres y el diseño de programaciones didácticas. El desarrollo del pensamiento crítico, las experiencias en co-construcción de conocimientos y los valores de la educación cívica son fundamentales contra la desinformación.


Author(s):  
Keita Iyama ◽  
Satoshi Ikeda ◽  
Seiji Koga ◽  
Tsuyoshi Yoshimuta ◽  
Hiroaki Kawano ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 ◽  
Author(s):  
Isabelle Lina de Laia Almeida ◽  
Jaqueline Ferraz Rego ◽  
Amanda Carvalho Girardi Teixeira ◽  
Marília Rodrigues Moreira

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to analyze the effects of social isolation on children's and teenagers’ development, with emphasis on the possible impacts over their physical and mental health. Data source: Review of the literature following the standards of PRISMA using the SciELO, LILACS and PubMed databases. The following key-words were used: “social isolation” and “child development”, “quarantine” and “adolescent development” according to the Medical Subject Headings (MESH) and their translation to the Portuguese. Studies in English, Portuguese and Spanish from inception were included. Data synthesis: 519 studies were screened and 12 were included in the systematic review. Five of those focused the psychology and social issues, two of them the effects of pandemics on these issues; four studies reported on impacts on general health and two consequences over the hypothalamus- hypophysis - adrenal axis and the cognitive and social development. Conclusions: The review shows a strong association between social isolation and anxiety and depression in children and adolescents. Social isolation leads to higher levels of cortisol and worse cognitive development. Therefore, the mental and physical health of children and adolescents need a careful follow up by health professionals during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 ◽  
pp. 100370
Author(s):  
Tomoyo Shimada ◽  
Sho Nakajima ◽  
Ryota Nakamura ◽  
Naohide Kurita ◽  
Kotaro Ogaki ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 88 ◽  
pp. 106504
Author(s):  
Fernando Villalaz Chióng Neto ◽  
Railane Lima de Paula ◽  
Edirany dos Santos Villalaz ◽  
Dhallya Andressa da Silva Cruz ◽  
Leonardo Simão Coelho Guimarães

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (12) ◽  
Author(s):  
Zachary P. Gruss ◽  
Tyler Baumeister ◽  
Jordan Smith

Author(s):  
K. M. Kang ◽  
K. Muralidharan ◽  
H. Knowlton ◽  
K. I. A. Hassan ◽  
A. Yekula ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (4) ◽  
pp. 318-321
Author(s):  
Ilyas Ozturk ◽  
◽  
Melis Simsir ◽  
Ertugrul Erken ◽  
Orcun Altunoren ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (38) ◽  
pp. 6357-6373
Author(s):  
Robert Lam ◽  
Thiruvengadam Muniraj

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Jennifer B. Scott ◽  
Arianna F. Yanes ◽  
Karina L. Vivar ◽  
Duri Yun ◽  
Annette Wagner ◽  
...  

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