crista terminalis
Recently Published Documents





Heart Rhythm ◽  
2022 ◽  
Thomas Pambrun ◽  
Nicolas Derval ◽  
Josselin Duchateau ◽  
F. Daniel Ramirez ◽  
Rémi Chauvel ◽  

Di Lang ◽  
Roman Y. Medvedev ◽  
Lucas Ratajczyk ◽  
Jingjing Zheng ◽  
Xiaoyu Yuan ◽  

The atrial myocardium demonstrates the highly heterogeneous organization of the transversal-axial tubule system (TATS), while its anatomical distribution and region-specific impact on Ca2+ dynamics remain unknown. We developed a novel method for high-resolution confocal imaging of TATS in intact live mouse atrial myocardium and applied a Matlab-based computational algorithm for the automated analysis of TATS integrity. We observed a 2-fold higher (P<0.01) TATS density in the right atrial appendage (RAA) than in the inter-caval region (ICR, the anatomical region between the superior vena cava and atrioventricular junction and between the crista terminalis and inter-atrial septum). While RAA predominantly consisted of well-tubulated myocytes, ICR showed partially tubulated/untubulated cells. Similar TATS distribution was also observed in healthy human atrial myocardium sections. In both mouse atrial preparations and isolated mouse atrial myocytes, we observed a strong anatomical correlation between TATS distribution and Ca2+ transient synchronization and rise-up time. This region-specific difference in Ca2+ transient morphology disappeared after formamide-induced detubulation. ICR myocytes showed a prolonged action potential duration at 80% of repolarization as well as a significantly lower expression of RyR2 and Cav1.2 proteins, but similar levels of NCX1 and Cav1.3 compared to RAA tissue. Our findings provide a detailed characterization of the region-specific distribution of TATS in mouse and human atrial myocardium highlighting the structural foundation for anatomical heterogeneity of Ca2+ dynamics and contractility in the atria. These results could indicate different roles of TATS in Ca2+ signaling at distinct anatomical regions of the atria and provide mechanistic insight into pathological atrial remodeling.

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 (Supplement_1) ◽  
S Mohanty ◽  
C Trivedi ◽  
D G Della Rocca ◽  
C Gianni ◽  
B MacDonald ◽  

Abstract Introduction Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the cornerstone of ablative therapy in atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the one-year success rate after single ablation procedure is known to be up to 60%, necessitating repeat procedures in many. Purpose We evaluated the impact of different ablation strategies on procedural success at the second ablation in patients with persistent AF (PerAF). Methods Consecutive PerAF patients scheduled to undergo their second ablation were screened and only those that have received PVI plus isolation of left atrial posterior wall (PWI) and superior vena cava (SVC) at the first procedure (n=1390), were included in the analysis. At the second ablation, all reconnected structures were ablated. Additionally, based on operators' decision, non-PV triggers were targeted for ablation. Patients were classified into two groups based on the ablation strategy: group 1: Re-isolation of reconnected PVs, PW, SVC and group 2: additional ablation of non-PV triggers (from inter-atrial septum, coronary sinus (CS), left atrial appendage (LAA) and crista terminalis). Arrhythmia-monitoring was performed quarterly for 1 year and biannually afterwards. Ablation success was assessed off-antiarrhythmic drugs (AAD). Results Of the 1390 patients included in the analysis, 698 were in group 1 and 692 were in group 2. In group 1, reconnected PV, PW and SVC were re-isolated in 98 (14%), 311 (44.5%) and 173 (24.8%) respectively. In 131 (18.7%) patients, in the absence of any reconnection, CS was empirically isolated. In group 2, PV, PW and SVC were re-isolated in 83 (12%), 270 (39%) and 113 (16.3%) patients respectively. Additionally, non-PV triggers were ablated in 505 (73%) and empirical isolation of LAA and CS in the absence of detectable triggers and PV reconnection was performed in 187 (27%). At 2 years of follow-up, 425 (61%) and 602 (87%) from group 1 and 2 were arrhythmia-free off-AAD (p&lt;0.001). Conclusion Including non-PV triggers as targets for ablation at the repeat procedure was associated with significantly higher success rate in persistent AF. FUNDunding Acknowledgement Type of funding sources: None.

EP Europace ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (Supplement_3) ◽  
M Toniolo ◽  
L Rebellato ◽  
D Muser ◽  
E Daleffe ◽  
A Proclemer ◽  

Abstract Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: None. Introduction Focal atrial tachycardias (ATs) can arise from several different anatomic regions both in the right atrium (RA) and left atrium (LA). The prevalence of focal atrial tachycardia is not well known. A European study of young males applying for pilot licenses demonstrated that 0.34% had asymptomatic atrial tachycardia and 0.46% had symptomatic atrial tachycardia1. It is well-recognized that these foci do not occur randomly throughout the atria but tend to cluster at characteristic anatomic locations. However, the distribution of these sites in the total amount of ATs is not well recognized. Purpose The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of different anatomic locations of ATs in the electrophysiology lab of a single large center (300 ablations per year) and to verify the site of ablation. Methods We collected 150 consecutive patients submitted to catheter ablation of ATs between January 2010 to December 2020. Anatomic localization of the atrial focus was performed during tachicardia by analysis of endocardial activation sequence. Results The distribution of the different anatomic locations is rappresented in the figure. In 134 patients (89%) ATs were localized in the RA. In the RA, these foci mainly occured along the crista terminalis (32%), the perinodal region (22,6%), the anterior right sided septum, near the foramen ovale (9,3%), the posterior right-sided septum (8%), the ostium of the coronary sinus (5,3%), the tricuspid annulus (5,3%), the superior vena cava (4,6%), the infero-lateral wall (2,5%), the right atrial appendage (0,6%) and the cavotricuspid histhmus (0,6%). In the LA (11%), foci occur predominantly at the pulmonary vein ostia (5,2%) and less commonly at the mitral annulus (2,5%), the left sided septum (0,6%), the appendage ridge (0,6%), the roof (0,6%) and the anterior wall (0,6%). For each location of AT, the ablation was performed at the earliest activation site, but about the perinodal ATs, the ablation was performed at the non coronary sinus of Valsalva of the aortic root, regardless the earliest activation site, for avoiding to create damages to the atrio-ventricular (AV) conduction system. Conclusions ATs mainly arise from the RA. Crista terminalis is the most common site but the perinodal region is the second more frequent site. The ablation of ATs from the perinodal region is challenging for the risk of damages to the AV conduction system. The relatively low prevalence of ATs arising from the pulmonary veins could be explained for the likely degeneration of these ATs in atrial fibrillation. Abstract Figure.

Open Heart ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. e001596
Pauli Pöyhönen ◽  
Jouni Kuusisto ◽  
Jani Pirinen ◽  
Heli Räty ◽  
Lauri Lehmonen ◽  

BackgroundRecent studies suggest left atrial (LA) dysfunction in cryptogenic stroke. We studied the dynamics of right atrium (RA) and right atrial appendage (RAA) in young adults with cryptogenic stroke. We hypothesised that bi-atrial dysfunction and blood stagnation might contribute to thrombosis formation in patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO), as deep venous thrombosis is detected only in the minority of patients.MethodsThirty patients (aged 18–49) with a first-ever cryptogenic stroke and 30 age-matched and sex-matched stroke-free controls underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. An approach to estimate the RAA volume was developed, using crista terminalis and pectinate muscles as anatomical landmarks. Atrial expansion indices were calculated as (maximal volume – minimal volume) ×100%/minimal volume. Total pulmonary to systemic blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs) was based on phase contrast CMR. Right-to-left shunt (RLS) was evaluated with transoesophageal echocardiography in 29 patients and transcranial Doppler in 30 controls, moderate-to-severe RLS considered as clinically significant.ResultsWe found that RA and RAA volumes were similar between patients and controls. Also, RA expansion index was similar, but RAA (95.6%±21.6% vs 108.7%±25.8%, p=0.026) and LA (126.2%±28% vs 144.9%±36.3%, p=0.023) expansion indices were lower in patients compared with controls. Seven (24%) of 29 patients had an RLS compared with 1 (3%) of 30 controls (p=0.012). Among 59 study subjects, RLS was associated with lower RA (81.9%±15.9% vs 98.5%±29.5%, p=0.030), RAA (84.7%±18% vs 105.6%±24.1%, p=0.022), LA (109.8%±18.6% vs 140.1%±33.7%, p=0.017) and LAA (median 102.9% (IQR 65.6%–121.7%) vs 229.1% (151.8%–337.5%], p=0.002) expansion indices and lower Qp/Qs ratio (0.91±0.06 vs 0.98±0.07, p=0.027).ConclusionsThis study suggests bi-atrial dysfunction in young adults with cryptogenic stroke, associated with moderate-to-severe RLS. Dysfunction of the atria and atrial appendages may be an additional mechanism for PFO-related stroke.Trial registration numberNCT01934725.

Fahmi Othman ◽  
Abdul Rehman Abid ◽  
Sabir Abdulkarim ◽  
Mohamad Khatib ◽  
Abdulqadir Nashwan ◽  

Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum (LHIAS) is a benign cardiac tumor. Differential diagnosis of LHIAS consists of atrial masses such as myxomas or lipomas. Herein, we report a 66-year-old male, admitted as a case of severe COVID-19 and was found to have a LHIAS extending to the crista terminalis.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-4
Snigdha Bhatia ◽  
Amna Qasim ◽  
Amyn K. Jiwani ◽  
Ashraf M. Aly

Advances in imaging have resulted in more frequent reporting of primitive right atrial structures which can sometimes mimic cardiac tumors in prenatal ultrasound. Prominent crista terminalis and Chiari network are examples of these structures. We describe two cases of pregnant women referred to the fetal cardiology clinic for fetal echocardiography for right atrial masses seen on prenatal ultrasound suspicious of tuberous sclerosis. The first case subsequently diagnosed as crista terminalis and the second case as a prominent Chiari network. Postnatal ECHO confirmed the benign nature of these structures. It is important to differentiate tumors from prominent benign structures in the right atrium in fetal ECHO. The location and the similar echogenicity to the adjacent atrial tissue are clues for differentiation of these structures from atrial tumors.

Chen Chun-hui

A 63-year-old female patient with a history of pulmonary heart disease underwent radiofrequency ablation because ofa persistent atrial flutter. Endocardial mapping with the carto3 system confirmed atrial flutter counterclockwise reentryaround the tricuspid annulus. Routine ablation of the cavo-tricuspid isthmus line to bi-directional block was performed.However, tachycardia with the same cycle length was induced again. After remapping, the tachycardia was confirmedto be focal atrial tachycardia located in the crista terminalis. After ablation, the tachycardia was terminated and couldnot be induced again.

Circulation ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 142 (Suppl_3) ◽  
Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy ◽  
Carlo De Asmundis ◽  
Mohit K Turagam ◽  
Mark Lameir ◽  
ahmed romeya ◽  

Background: Medical treatment for inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) remains suboptimal. Radiofrequency Sinus node Modification (RFSM) has been used for managing drug-refractory symptomatic IST. Although, acute success is reasonable, it is faced with high complications and recurrence rates. A novel Sinus Node sparing surgical thoracoscopic hybrid ablation (SUSRUTA) has been recently proposed. Objective: To report outcomes of SUSRUTA for IST patients from a prospective multicenter registry. Methods: This is a multicenter, prospective registry of patients who received SUSRUTA which is SN sparing hybrid ablation using surgical thoracoscopic video-assisted epicardial ablation comprised of a RF bipolar clamp which was used for sparing the SN region (identified by endocardial 3D mapping) and isolation of superior and inferior vena cava with creation of a lateral line across the crista terminalis during IST with isoproterenol challenge. Gaps in the epicardial lesion set are filled in by endocardial RFA. Patients were treated with post op Colchicine and were enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation program. Results: Of the 139 patients, mean age was 26±4 yrs, 91% women and mean duration of IST was 40±21.5 months. 90% were on ivabradine, 86% on beta-blocker, 77% on calcium channel blocker and 77% were on class IC antiarrhythmic agent. Heart rate post-procedure was significantly lower when compared with pre-procedure (110±10 vs. 64±11 bpm, p<0.0001). After a blanking period of 3 months, normal sinus rhythm was restored in 100% of patients in the hybrid group. Postop pericarditis was the most common complication in 80%(severe-4%), severe bradycardia (HR <35 bpm) in 5%, pneumothorax 3.5% and pleural effusion requiring drainage in 2.1% of cases. One patient required a permanent pacemaker. Hospital length of stay was 4.5±0.8 days. At 1041±541 days follow up 94.5% (131/139) were free of symptoms after a single procedure and the 8 patients required a redo-RF catheter ablation.95% patients are off all preprocedural rate controlling medications Conclusion: SUSRUTA appears to be efficacious and safe for the treatment of symptomatic drug resistant IST.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document